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María Leticia Pereyra Lanterna, María José López-Huertas Pérez, Francisco José Morales Calatayud, Approach to Domain Community Health and its Implications for Information Management in:

International Society for Knowledge Organziation (ISKO), Marianne Lykke, Tanja Svarre, Mette Skov, Daniel Martínez-Ávila (Ed.)

Knowledge Organization at the Interface, page 554 - 556

Proceedings of the Sixteenth International ISKO Conference, 2020 Aalborg, Denmark

1. Edition 2020, ISBN print: 978-3-95650-775-5, ISBN online: 978-3-95650-776-2, https://doi.org/10.5771/9783956507762-554

Series: Advances in Knowledge Organization, vol. 17

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María Leticia Pereyra Lanterna – Universidad de la República, Uruguay María José López-Huertas Pérez – Universidad de Granada, Spain Francisco José Morales Calatayud – Universidad de la República, Uruguay Approach to Domain Community Health and its Implications for Information Management Abstract: The aim of the research was to explore the domain community health to discover its thematic and social dynamics, in order to build a Knowledge Organization System. Methodology: Three of the methods described by Hjørland were used: research in indexing and retrieving specialties, guides to specialized sources of information and bibliometrical studies. Results: community health is continuously used in specialized documents, so it has literary warrant. However, it is not included in KOS as a descriptor. This is an interdisciplinary emerging domain characterized by a low consensual terminology and an uncertain and scattered set of topics involved in, representing it. 1.0 Introduction Community health is a specialty of recent emergency with interdisciplinary features. For this reason, little work has been done to know about its characteristics from the perspective of knowledge organization for information management. Thus, it was necessary to know its internal composition, conceptualizations and evolution, to understand the domain and its dynamics to create, as soon as possible, a Knowledge Organization System (KOS) for this specialty. 2.0 Aim To reach a consensual concept of community health, to figure out the structural and social dynamics of the domain, to find out the set of terms that represents it and its thematic composition. 3.0 Methodology The methodology chosen for the study was domain analysis, developed by Hjørland and Albrechtsen (1995). Hjørland (2002) proposed eleven methods of domain analysis. In this case, three of them were used: a) Research in indexing and retrieving specialties. An exploration of the term community health in KOS and databases was conducted in order to find out the acceptance of the term. b) Guides to specialized sources of information. A review of four databases was done, in order to find journals related to the domain, analyze them and identify the topics that represent the field of knowledge community health. This information set light to the interdisciplinary nature of community health. c) Bibliometrical Studies. Sixty-one journals retrieved in the study described in b) were searched in the Web of Science. From this search 31 journals were found and 20115 articles from the period 2000-2019 were extracted and processed by the software tool for the analysis of the evolution of scientific knowledge, Sci- MAT. 555 4.0 Results Through the application of the described methodology, the following results were obtained: a) Research in indexing and retrieving specialties. After checking the acceptance of the term community health in the sources consulted (KOS and databases) the following results were obtained: - The term is continuously used in specialized documents and is recognized and used by specialists. The expression has literary warrant. - On the other hand, most of the KOS and databases consulted do not include it as a descriptor (indexing or search term), except for the Medline search system. b) Guides to specialized sources. Sixty-one journals of community health could be retrieved. From them, the following results were found: - only 17 of the 61 journals showed integration of knowledge. The direct source for the identification of the topics and the interdisciplinarity of the specialty were the titles and scope of the journals, which means 28% of them. The rest of them present a disciplinary approach to community health, but neither integrate knowledge nor erase disciplinary boundaries. - A set of topics representing community health could be identified, which allowed the following classification proposal to be made: a) Scopes and phenomena of society; b) Human groups; c) Fields of Knowledge and Professional Practices; d) Health Programmes; e)Application places; f) Health problems. c) Bibliometrical Studies. The results are the following: - The processing of these records led to the obtaining of a group of terms made up of the keywords given by authors and sources, which represent a first approximation to the terminology of this domain. Regarding this terminology, we found that around 43% remain along the time period studied. Therefore, it is possible to say that this set of terms constitutes the nucleus of the domain. It is also possible to appreciate a considerable dynamic in terms, which shows a young interdiscipline. This result shows what happens in young interdisciplines, which Szostak, Gnoli and López-Huertas (2016) call alluvium terminology. - A diachronic (evolution) map 2000-2019 could be made. It allowed identifying a set of subjects representing the domain that were classified into the multidimensional representation proposed in the preceding step. - The main subjects representing Community Health domain, were the following: odontology, psychiatry, public health, quality of life, nursing care, physical education, psychology, social service, cardiology, and primary health care. 5.0 Conclusions The following conclusions have been reached: - The existence of a differentiated field of knowledge called community health was verified. On the other hand, KOS do not include it as a descriptor of search term except for Medline. 556 - The domain analysis methods used were adequate to obtain the intended results because they allowed to measure the domain of a relatively young field of knowledge. - At present, community health is not a domain that integrates its disciplines; therefore, it cannot be said to be an interdiscipline in the strict sense. Currently, we are facing a domain in which multidisciplinarity predominates, which is a characteristic of young interdisciplines. - It has been possible to know the thematic composition of the community health domain and the weight that each of them has within the field of knowledge. - Nuclear and secondary terminology representing community health has been identified. References Hjørland, Birger. 2002. “Domain Analysis in Information Science: Eleven Approaches - Traditional as well as Innovative.” Journal of Documentation 58: 422-462. Hjørland, Birger and Hanne Albrechtsen. 1995. “Toward a New Horizon in Information Science: Domain-Analysis.” Journal of the American Society for Information Science 46, no. 6: 400- 425. Szostak, Rick, Claudio Gnoli, and María José López-Huertas. 2016. Interdisciplinary Knowledge Organization. Switzerland: Springer.

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Abstract

The proceedings explore knowledge organization systems and their role in knowledge organization, knowledge sharing, and information searching.

The papers cover a wide range of topics related to knowledge transfer, representation, concepts and conceptualization, social tagging, domain analysis, music classification, fiction genres, museum organization. The papers discuss theoretical issues related to knowledge organization and the design, development and implementation of knowledge organizing systems as well as practical considerations and solutions in the application of knowledge organization theory. Covered is a range of knowledge organization systems from classification systems, thesauri, metadata schemas to ontologies and taxonomies.

Zusammenfassung

Der Tagungsband untersucht Wissensorganisationssysteme und ihre Rolle bei der Wissensorganisation, dem Wissensaustausch und der Informationssuche. Die Beiträge decken ein breites Spektrum von Themen ab, die mit Wissenstransfer, Repräsentation, Konzeptualisierung, Social Tagging, Domänenanalyse, Musikklassifizierung, Fiktionsgenres und Museumsorganisation zu tun haben. In den Beiträgen werden theoretische Fragen der Wissensorganisation und des Designs, der Entwicklung und Implementierung von Systemen zur Wissensorganisation sowie praktische Überlegungen und Lösungen bei der Anwendung der Theorie der Wissensorganisation diskutiert. Es wird eine Reihe von Wissensorganisationssystemen behandelt, von Klassifikationssystemen, Thesauri, Metadatenschemata bis hin zu Ontologien und Taxonomien.