Negin Shokrzadeh Hashtroudi, Mohsen Haji Zeinolabedini, Educational Practices of Knowledge Organization in Iran: A Historical Review in:

International Society for Knowledge Organziation (ISKO), Marianne Lykke, Tanja Svarre, Mette Skov, Daniel Martínez-Ávila (Ed.)

Knowledge Organization at the Interface, page 551 - 553

Proceedings of the Sixteenth International ISKO Conference, 2020 Aalborg, Denmark

1. Edition 2020, ISBN print: 978-3-95650-775-5, ISBN online: 978-3-95650-776-2,

Series: Advances in Knowledge Organization, vol. 17

Bibliographic information
Negin Shokrzadeh Hashtroudi – Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran Mohsen Haji Zeinolabedini – Department of Information Science and Knowledge, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran Educational Practices of Knowledge Organization in Iran A Historical Review Abstract: In this paper, we discussed the educational practices of the Knowledge Organization in Iran. This paper is a historical review. In order to analyze the educational practices of Knowledge Organization related researches are reviewed. Also, curriculums of The Iranian Ministry of Science, Research and Technology (MSRT) are analyzed to identify courses related to Knowledge Organization and their units. In past years, some courses have been modified or revised to meet user needs. 1.0 Introduction Knowledge organization is one of the most important courses in LIS education. Core elements of this field have a significant impact on developing curriculums of LIS (Pattuelli 2010; Alajmi and Rehman 2016). Therefore, it is necessary to analyze the last curriculums of educational levels to identify the compatibility degree between modern Knowledge organization approaches with current Iranian curriculums. In 1965, the first library department in Iran established at the University of Tehran. Also, standard practices of cataloging and classification were started in 1968 by the establishment of TEBROC (Tehran Book Processing Centre) (Fattahi 2007). Later, in 1983 TEBROC was incorporated into the National Library of Iran. These two agencies had an important role in the standardization of cataloging in Iran. This study aims to investigate new trends and developments of KO education in Iran. In this study we addressed 3 main questions. These questions are: • What developments are considered in Iran related to education in KO? • How Iranian LIS curriculums are changed based on new developments in KO? This study is a historical review. To gather the required data curriculums of The Iranian Ministry of Science, Research and Technology (MSRT) and The Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education (MHME) and related researches were analyzed. 2.0 Results Anglo-American cataloging Rules second edition (AACR2) and MARC format are still the most crucial technologies in Iran. In 1992 Rahmatollah Fattahi translated AACR2 into the Persian language (Fattahi 1992). On the other hand, the National Library and Archives of Iran (NLAI) developed the IRANMARC format based on UNIMARC. Library of Congress Classification (LCC) and Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) are widely used in Iranian Libraries and they are included in the curriculum of Information Science and Knowledge. Also, in medical universities NLM classification and Medical Subject Heading (MESH) are taught to students. Likewise, in many universities of Iran, laboratories of Knowledge Organization are enriched to meet students’ needs. For instance, Shahid Beheshti University has launched liblab. Iranian Authority files, thesauruses, classification schedules are prepared in these laboratories. 552 Table 1. Knowledge Organization courses in Iran Degrees Courses related to KO Theory Practice Undergraduate Descriptive and analytical cataloging 1 1 Dewey Decimal Classification 1 1 Library of Congress Classification 1 1 Designing library software 1 1 Computerized organization of references 1 1 Indexing and abstracting 1 1 Designing digital library 1 1 Master (Information Management) Information Representation 1 1 Information Storage and Retrieval 1 1 Master (digital library management) Digital resources organization 1 1 Digital libraries user interface 1 1 Doctoral (Information and Knowledge Retrieval) Natural language processing 1 1 Semantic web and ontology 1 1 Information architecture 1 1 Text analysis and knowledge mining 1 1 Doctoral (Information and Knowledge management) Knowledge audit and Organization 1 1 More than 100 books have been written in this field to cover various aspects of Knowledge organization (Malek Mohammadi and Haji Zeinolabedini 2017). Fattahi and Pazooki (2018) showed that 25 M.A. theses and 7 Ph.D. theses have been written in the new approaches of Knowledge Organization. As stated in Malek Mohammadi and Haji Zeinolabedini (2018) the most frequent keywords in Knowledge Organization theses were cataloging, information retrieval, library software, IRANMARC and indexing. On the other hand, one of the most significant events in Iran is the annual congress of Iranian Information experts. This event is holding every year in Iran since 2015. Also, a winter school for Knowledge Organization will be held at Shahid Beheshti University this year. The main topics of this winter school are conceptual models (such as LRM and CIDOC CRM), content and metadata standards (such as RDA and BIBFRAME), and Knowledge Organization tools (such as ontologies and semantic systems). 3.0 Conclusion Knowledge Organization has a changing nature and has undergone an evolution in cataloging in the last years. As stated in Fattahi (2007) “publishing of many textbooks, manuals, and articles is strong evidence for the significance of Information Organization in teaching and practice in Iran”. We need skilled students who are ready to work in Knowledge organization departments of different agencies and also we need a more emphasize on new developments such as semantic web. Therefore, Iranian libraries have to replace their traditional catalogs with new approaches. Likewise, there are some developments in the library software of Iran. For instance, a joint working group between the Central library of Shahid Beheshti University and the Central library of Allameh Tabatabaei University has been made to apply RDA in their library systems. Likewise, in Qoqnus software, CIDOC CRM has been implemented. In this software all necessary classes and properties are utilized to represent cultural objects. This project represented 553 as the outcome of Niknia (2019) in modelling archaeological literature and it is available at References Alajmi, Bibi and Sajjad Rehman. 2016. “Knowledge Organization Trends In Library And Information Education: Assessment And Analysis.” Education for Information 32, no. 4: 411-420. Fattahi, Rahmatollah. 2007. “Information Organization in Iranian Libraries and Information Centers: Trends.” International Journal of Information Science and Management (IJISM) 5, no. 1: 29-40. (in Persian) Fattahi, Rahmatollah. 1992. Translation of AACR2. Mashhad: Astane-Quds. Fattahi, Rahmatollah and Fatemeh Pazooki. 2018. “Recent Research and Developments in Information Organization in Iran: A Historical Review.” Cataloging & Classification Quarterly. 56, no. 4: 374-384. Niknia, M. 2019. Implementation of CIDOC CRM for the Domain of Iranian Archaeology. Ph.D. dissertation. Tehran, Iran: Kharazmi University. (in Persian) Malek Mohammadi, Saeed and Mohsen Haji Zeinolabedini. 2017. “A Decade of Book Publishing in Knowledge and Information Science in Iran (2002-2011).” Journal of Modern Medical Information Science 3, no. 1: 16-21. (in Persian) Malek Mohammadi, Saeed and Mohsen Haji Zeinolabedini. 2018. “Analyzing the Status of Information and Knowledge Organization Theses in Iran (2008-2017).” Presented at 12th Congress of Progress Pioneers. 13 December 2018. (in Persian). Pattuelli, M. Cristina.. 2010. “Knowledge Organization Landscape: A Content Analysis of Introductory Courses.” Journal of Information Science 36, no. 6: 812-822

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The proceedings explore knowledge organization systems and their role in knowledge organization, knowledge sharing, and information searching.

The papers cover a wide range of topics related to knowledge transfer, representation, concepts and conceptualization, social tagging, domain analysis, music classification, fiction genres, museum organization. The papers discuss theoretical issues related to knowledge organization and the design, development and implementation of knowledge organizing systems as well as practical considerations and solutions in the application of knowledge organization theory. Covered is a range of knowledge organization systems from classification systems, thesauri, metadata schemas to ontologies and taxonomies.


Der Tagungsband untersucht Wissensorganisationssysteme und ihre Rolle bei der Wissensorganisation, dem Wissensaustausch und der Informationssuche. Die Beiträge decken ein breites Spektrum von Themen ab, die mit Wissenstransfer, Repräsentation, Konzeptualisierung, Social Tagging, Domänenanalyse, Musikklassifizierung, Fiktionsgenres und Museumsorganisation zu tun haben. In den Beiträgen werden theoretische Fragen der Wissensorganisation und des Designs, der Entwicklung und Implementierung von Systemen zur Wissensorganisation sowie praktische Überlegungen und Lösungen bei der Anwendung der Theorie der Wissensorganisation diskutiert. Es wird eine Reihe von Wissensorganisationssystemen behandelt, von Klassifikationssystemen, Thesauri, Metadatenschemata bis hin zu Ontologien und Taxonomien.