Content

Marcos Luiz Cavalcanti de Miranda, Maria Luiza de Almeida Campos, Knowledge Organization Cultural Studies and Their Influence on Knowledge Organization Systems from the Douglas John Foskett’s Perspectives in:

International Society for Knowledge Organziation (ISKO), Marianne Lykke, Tanja Svarre, Mette Skov, Daniel Martínez-Ávila (Ed.)

Knowledge Organization at the Interface, page 562 - 563

Proceedings of the Sixteenth International ISKO Conference, 2020 Aalborg, Denmark

1. Edition 2020, ISBN print: 978-3-95650-775-5, ISBN online: 978-3-95650-776-2, https://doi.org/10.5771/9783956507762-562

Series: Advances in Knowledge Organization, vol. 17

Bibliographic information
Marcos Luiz Cavalcanti de Miranda – Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Maria Luiza de Almeida Campos – Universidade Federal Fluminense, Brazil Knowledge Organization Cultural Studies and Their Influence on Knowledge Organization Systems from the Douglas John Foskett’s Perspectives Abstract D. J. Foskett was one of the first foundational authors to raise concerns about the cultural as-pects of the Knowledge Organization. This paper investigates the contributions of this author to the Knowledge Organization cultural studies, aiming to identify through the literature the extent to which his contribution has influenced Knowledge Organization Systems regarding cultural aspects. In this sense, going into the scope of our study we are committed to discussing: What are D.J. Foskett's influences on the con-struction of modern knowledge organization systems? The theoretical and methodological foundation of our research lies in the historical, philosophical and epistemological foundations of the Knowledge Organi-zation. 1.0 Introduction The research agenda of the Knowledge Organization (KO) has privileged studies and research on issues involving socio-political, ethical, cultural and technologi-cal issues regarding the representation, storage and dissemination of the knowledge produced, in order to make patent the information practices that are, social practices par excellence, involving actors who play different roles in the cycle of apprehension, production and use of knowledge to meet and satisfy the most diverse information needs to account for their personal and professional ac-tivities in contemporary society. From this perspective, we seek to establish points of interlocution between the actors involved in the production of knowledge, the construction of knowledge organization systems (KOS) and their reflexes in the knowledge representation and the information retrieval in contemporary society from the studies of Douglas John Foskett (DJF), considered here as one of the foundational authors of cultural studies within the KO. Cultural Studies, as an academic discipline emerged in the 1970s, which corre-sponds to the "cultural turnaround" of the Social and Human Sciences and in the same movement contributed to the destabilization of the frontiers of older disci-plines such as History, Sociology, Literature, among others. Cultural Studies work as an agent in the reconfiguration of the disciplinary structure of the Humanities and Social Sciences, in a process that is still ongoing today (Baptista, 2009). 2.0 The method Hjorland (2002) presents eleven methods for domain analysis. These are: produc-tion of literature guides or subject gateways; constructing special classifications and thesauri; indexing and retrieving in specialities; empirical users studies; bib-liometrical studies; historical studies; document and gender studies; epistemolog-ical and critical studies; terminological studies, languages for special purpose, da-tabases semantic and discourse studies; structures and institutions in scientific communication; scientific cognition, knowledge expert and artificial intelligence. Domain analysis provides a guide to identifying a domain and a discursive com-munity. 563 The theoretical and methodological basis of our research lies in Domain Analysis (Hjørland, 2002) in search of the historical, philosophical and epistemological foundations of the KO that will be used as the framework for the configuration and time-space analysis of the KO before D.J.Foskett, during his activities and the influence of his contributions to KO. To verify the production of knowledge in KO in the Social Sciences and its representation in the SOC from the cultural studies of KO based on the contributions of D.J. Foskett we will use the method of cartography (Rimbert, 1968). 3.0 Results The Douglas John Foskett’s contributions to the theory and practice of KO. A founding member of the Classification Research Group (CRG). Indeed, he was an active contributor to the CRG’s work. In 1955 the CRG had endorsed “the need for a faceted classification as the basis for all methods of information retrieval”. This principle was later endorsed at the Dorking Conference in 1957. It was in this context that DJF’s scholarship and research made its mark through his work in the study and dissemination of the theoretical concepts of Ranganathan. Putting facet analysis into practice, he developed a number of classification schemes. Among other important works are his Classification and integrative levels (1960), The Sayers Memorial Volume edited with Bernard Ira Palmer (1961), Classification and Indexing in the Social Sciences (1963) and Science, Humanism and Libraries (1964). 4.0 Final Consideration From this perspective, we seek to establish points of interlocution between the actors involved in the production of knowledge, in the construction of KOS and its reflexes in the knowledge representation and in the information retrieval in con-temporary society from the studies of Douglas John Foskett, considered here as one of the foundational authors in cultural studies within the KO. In accordance with this study, Douglas John Foskett has contributed to the dissemination of the principle "the need for a faceted classification as the basis for all methods of in-formation retrieval", the theory of integrative levels and the improvement of the KO in the field of cultural studies. References Baptista, Maria Manuel. 2009. “Estudos Culturais: O Quê e o Como da Investigação.” Carnets 1 http://journals.openedition.org/carnets/4382- Foskett, Douglas John. 1960. Classification and Integrative Levels. London: Butterworths. Foskett, Douglas John.1963. Classification and Indexing in Social Sciences. London: Butterworths. Foskett, Douglas John. 1964. Science, Humanism and Libraries. London: Butterworths. Foskett, Douglas John. 1971. “The Classification Research Group 1952-1968.” In: Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science. 5., edited by Allen Kent and Harold Lancour. New York: Marcel Dekker, 141–145. Foskett, Douglas John and Bernard Ira Palmer. 1961. The Sayers Memorial Volume. London: Library Association. Hjørland, Birger. 2002. “Domain-Analysis in Information Science: Eleven Apprroaches-Traditional as well as Innovative.” Journal of Documentation 58: 422-462. Rimbert, Sylvie. 1968. Leçons at Cartographie Thèmatique. Paris: Société D'édition D'enseignement Supérieur.

Chapter Preview

References

Abstract

The proceedings explore knowledge organization systems and their role in knowledge organization, knowledge sharing, and information searching.

The papers cover a wide range of topics related to knowledge transfer, representation, concepts and conceptualization, social tagging, domain analysis, music classification, fiction genres, museum organization. The papers discuss theoretical issues related to knowledge organization and the design, development and implementation of knowledge organizing systems as well as practical considerations and solutions in the application of knowledge organization theory. Covered is a range of knowledge organization systems from classification systems, thesauri, metadata schemas to ontologies and taxonomies.

Zusammenfassung

Der Tagungsband untersucht Wissensorganisationssysteme und ihre Rolle bei der Wissensorganisation, dem Wissensaustausch und der Informationssuche. Die Beiträge decken ein breites Spektrum von Themen ab, die mit Wissenstransfer, Repräsentation, Konzeptualisierung, Social Tagging, Domänenanalyse, Musikklassifizierung, Fiktionsgenres und Museumsorganisation zu tun haben. In den Beiträgen werden theoretische Fragen der Wissensorganisation und des Designs, der Entwicklung und Implementierung von Systemen zur Wissensorganisation sowie praktische Überlegungen und Lösungen bei der Anwendung der Theorie der Wissensorganisation diskutiert. Es wird eine Reihe von Wissensorganisationssystemen behandelt, von Klassifikationssystemen, Thesauri, Metadatenschemata bis hin zu Ontologien und Taxonomien.