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Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy at the University of Hamburg / IFSH (ed.)

OSCE Yearbook 2019, page 1 - 8

Yearbook on the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)

1. Edition 2020, ISBN print: 978-3-8487-6500-3, ISBN online: 978-3-7489-0642-1, https://doi.org/10.5771/9783748906421-1

Bibliographic information
OSCE Yearbook 2019 Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy at the University of Hamburg / IFSH (ed.) Yearbook on the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) 25 Nomos OSCE Yearbook Volume 25 – 2019 BUT_OSCE_2019_6500-3_HC.indd 2 11.05.20 09:52 Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy at the University of Hamburg / IFSH (ed.) OSCE Yearbook 2019 Yearbook on the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) Edited by the IFSH in co-operation with Pál Dunay, George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies, Garmisch-Partenkirchen P. Terrence Hopmann, Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, Washington Adam Daniel Rotfeld, Member of the Executive Board of the European Leadership Network, Warsaw Andrei Zagorski, Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Moscow Editor-in-Chief: Ursel Schlichting, Hamburg Translator/Editor: Caroline Taylor, Hamburg Nomos BUT_OSCE_2019_6500-3_HC.indd 3 11.05.20 09:52 Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek lists this publication in the Deutsche Nationalbibliografie; detailed bibliographic data are available on the Internet at http://dnb.d-nb.de ISBN 978-3-8487-6500-3 (Print) 978-3-7489-0642-1 (ePDF) British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library. ISBN 978-3-8487-6500-3 (Print) 978-3-7489-0642-1 (ePDF) Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy at the University of Hamburg/IFSH (ed.) OSCE Yearbook 2019 Yearbook on the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) IFSH 346 pp. Includes bibliographic references. ISBN 978-3-8487-6500-3 (Print) 978-3-7489-0642-1 (ePDF) 1. Edition 2020 © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, Baden-Baden, Germany 2020. Printed and bound in Germany. This work is subject to copyright. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage or retrieval system, without prior permission in writing from the publishers. Under § 54 of the German Copyright Law where copies are made for other than private use a fee is payable to “Verwertungs gesellschaft Wort”, Munich. No responsibility for loss caused to any individual or organization acting on or refraining from action as a result of the material in this publication can be accepted by Nomos or the editor. Onlineversion Articles of the OSCE Yearbook are indexed in World Affairs Online (WAO), accessible via the IREON portal. BUT_OSCE_2019_6500-3_HC.indd 4 11.05.20 09:52 5 Contents Miroslav Lajčák The Slovak OSCE Chairmanship in 2019: An Appeal for Stronger Multilateralism and More Dialogue 9 Ursel Schlichting Preface 15 I. States of Affairs – Affairs of State The OSCE and European Security Thomas Greminger Sustaining Peace, Sustaining Development – The Role of the OSCE 27 Heinz Gärtner Europe’s Goal Should Be Helsinki 41 Vladimir F. Pryakhin Hamburg, Forty Years Later. For the 40th Anniversary of the CSCE/OSCE Scientific Forum 53 The OSCE Participating States: Domestic Developments and Multilateral Commitment Ekaterina Dorodnova The Great Expectations of the Armenian Revolution: Democracy v. Stability? 65 Thomas Kunze Political Succession in Central Asia: The Example of Kazakhstan 81 Vadym Vasiutynskyi The Psychological Dimensions of the Desacralization of post-Soviet Power in Ukraine: From a Communist Ideologist to an Actor-Comedian 93 6 II. Responsibilities, Instruments, Mechanisms, and Procedures Conflict Prevention and Dispute Settlement Cono Giardullo/Walter Dorn/Danielle Stodilka Technological Innovation in the OSCE: The Special Monitoring Mission in Ukraine 119 Günther Baechler Using the Status Quo as an Opportunity: OSCE Conflict Management Exemplified by the South Caucasus 139 Elia Bescotti A Non-Resolution Limbo: Better Status Quo than Settled? Georgian Territorial Integrity, Russian Security Interests, and the Status of De Facto States in the Peace Process 151 William H. Hill Moldova/Transdniestria: Progress and Political Crisis 163 Namig Abbasov Still Waters Run Deep: Federal, Regional, and Local Dimensions of Conflict in the North Caucasus 177 Comprehensive Security: The Three Dimensions and Cross-Dimensional Challenges Anita Danka The Contribution of ODIHR’s Assembly Monitoring to Freedom of Peaceful Assembly in the OSCE Region 191 Harlem Désir Safety of Journalists as a Priority for the OSCE 205 Kurt P. Tudyka Where Is the OSCE’s Cultural Engagement? Promised – to Be Forgotten or Awakened – to Be Renewed? An Interjection 209 Esra Buttanri Climate Change, Global Security, and the OSCE 215 7 III. Organizational Aspects OSCE Institutions and Structures Lamberto Zannier/Eleonora Lotti Integration of Diverse Societies as a Tool for Conflict Prevention – The Experience of the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities 235 External Relations and Influence Loïc Simonet Twenty Years after the Istanbul Platform for Co-operative Security: How Can the OSCE’s Contribution to “Effective Multilateralism” Be Strengthened through Co-operation with Other International and Regional Organizations? 249 Anastasiya Bayok Challenges and Threat Perceptions Regarding Central Asia in China and the EU 273 Annexes Forms and Forums of Co-operation in the OSCE Area 289 The 57 OSCE Participating States – Facts and Figures 291 OSCE Conferences, Meetings, and Events 2018/2019 311 OSCE Selected Bibliography 2018/2019 317 Abbreviations 337 Contributors 345

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Abstract

As the world’s largest regional arrangement under Chapter VIII of the UN Charter, the OSCE also contributes to global security through regional conflict prevention and crisis management. In his introductory chapter, OSCE Secretary General Thomas Greminger addresses the question of how the OSCE can also contribute to the achievement of the 17 goals of the United Nations for sustainable development.

The OSCE Yearbook 2019 also includes articles on domestic political developments in countries such as Armenia and Kazakhstan, OSCE conflict management in the South Caucasus and the work of the OSCE Special MonitoringMission to Ukraine. There are also contributions on the monitoring of freedom of assembly by the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights and the link between climate change and security, as well as the integration of heterogeneous societies as a means of conflict prevention.

Facts and figures on the 57 participating states as well as a current selection of research literature complete the volume.

Zusammenfassung

Als weltweit größte regionale Abmachung nach Kapitel VIII der UN-Charta trägt die OSZE durch regionale Konfliktverhütung und Krisenbewältigung auch zur globalen Sicherheit bei. In seinem Eröffnungsbeitrag setzt sich OSZE-Generalsekretär Thomas Greminger mit der Frage auseinander, wie die OSZE auch einen Beitrag zur Erreichung der 17 Ziele der Vereinten Nationen für nachhaltige Entwicklung insgesamt leisten kann.

Das OSZE-Jahrbuch 2019 enthält außerdem Beiträge über die innenpolitischen Entwicklungen u.a. in Armenien und Kasachstan, das Konfliktmanagement der OSZE im Südkaukasus sowie die Arbeit der OSZE-Sonderbeobachtermission in der Ukraine. Die Überwachung der Versammlungsfreiheit durch das OSZE-Büro für demokratische Institutionen und Menschenrechte und der Zusammenhang zwischen Klimawandel und Sicherheit sind ebenso Thema wie die Integration heterogener Gesellschaften als Mittel der Konfliktprävention.

Daten und Fakten zu den 57 Teilnehmerstaaten sowie eine aktuelle Literaturauswahl runden den Band ab.