The 2021 edition of OSCE Insights discusses the possibility of compromise among the 57 participating states of the OSCE. It includes a special issue that compares the interests of selected participating States in the OSCE and offers recommendations for bridging divisions within the organization.
SchlagworteRussland China Demokratisierung OSZE Friedenssicherung Minsker Prozess Nagorny-Karabach Seidenstraße
KeywordsNew Silk Road Peacekeeping Nagorno-Karabakh Minsk Protocol
The Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine (SMM) is one of the OSCE’s few success stories in recent years. This civilian mission has been uniquely able to operate as a quasi-peacekeeping force in high-risk areas of Donbas, monitoring ceasefire compliance and facilitating dialogue and humanitarian action in support of those living in the conflict zone. In the history of the OSCE, there has been only one other ceasefire monitoring mission: the Kosovo Verification Mission (KVM). This contribution to OSCE Insights considers the track record of OSCE peace operations, with special attention to the abovementioned missions. All OSCE peace operations to date have been civilian missions, and this paper considers military OSCE mission to be unfeasible also for the future. The paper provides lessons learned and recommendations for future missions by the OSCE and other organizations operating in high-risk environments.