Eva Scherwitz

Welche Wege führen nach Washington?

Eine Analyse des EU-Einflusses auf die US-Politik

1. Edition 2014, ISBN print: 978-3-8487-1276-2, ISBN online: 978-3-8452-5381-7, https://doi.org/10.5771/9783845253817

Series: Internationale Beziehungen, vol. 20

Bibliographic information
Citation download Share

Zusammenfassung

Gibt es eine Einflussnahme der EU auf die US-Politik? Mit dieser Fragestellung rückt die Autorin die transatlantischen Beziehungen in eine grundlegend neue Perspektive. Für die beiden Amtszeiten von George W. Bush zeichnet sie anhand einer präzisen Analyse nach, auf welchen Wegen Einflussnahme der EU auf die US-Politik in den drei brisanten Politikbereichen Wirtschaft, Sicherheit und Klima erfolgt. Neben der Durchsetzung von EU-Argumentation ist rhetorischer Druckaufbau und das Agieren in internationalen Organisationen entscheidend, um eigene Normen in den USA zu verankern. Das Ergebnis zeigt, dass sich das weit verbreitete Ohnmachtsgefühl der EU gegenüber den USA in der von transatlantischen Differenzen geprägten Bush-Amtszeit nicht halten lässt und legt nahe, dass dies ebenso wenig für die Amtszeit von Obama gelten kann.

Dieses Buch bewertet die transatlantischen Beziehungen neu und trägt der Wirkung von ‚normative power Europe‘ Rechnung.

References
Aaron, David, Beauchesne, Ann M., Burwell, Frances G., Nelson, Richard C., Riley, Jack K., Zimmer, Brian. (2004, December 01). The Post-9/11 Partnership: Transatlantic Cooperation Against Terrorism, Policy Paper. Washington, DC: Atlantic Council of the United States.
Abels, Gabriele, Behrens, Maria. (2009). ExpertInnen-Interviews in der Politikwissenschaft. Eine sekundäranalytische Reflexion über geschlechtertheoretische und politikfeldanalytische Effekte. In: Bohner, Alexander, Littig, Beate, Menz, Wolfgang, Experteninterviews: Theorien, Methoden, Anwendungsfelder (3, 159-179). Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.
Adler, Emanuel. (1997). Seizing the Middle Ground: Constructivism in World Politics. European Journal of International Relations, 3 (3), 319-363. https://doi.org/10.1177/1354066197003003003
AG Friedensforschung. (o.J.-a). Iran: Chronik wichtiger Ereignisse. Januar 2005 AG Friedensforschung Universität Kassel: http://www.ag-friedensforschung.de/regionen/Iran/Chronik/05-01.html (21.12.2013).
AG Friedensforschung. (o.J.-b). Iran: Chronik wichtiger Ereignisse. März 2006. AG Friedensforschung Universität Kassel: http://www.ag-friedensforschung.de/regionen/Iran/Chronik/06-03.html (21.12.2013).
AG Friedensforschung. (o.J.-c). Iran: Chronik wichtiger Ereignisse. Oktober/November 2004. AG Friedensforschung Universität Kassel http://www.ag-friedensforschung.de/regionen/Iran/Chronik/04-08.html (21.12.2013).
AG Friedensforschung. (o.J.-d). Iran: Chronik wichtiger Ereignisse. September/Oktober 2003. AG Friedensforschung Universität Kassel: http://www.ag-friedensforschung.de/regionen/Iran/Chronik/03-sept.html (11.12.2013).
AG Friedensratschlag. (o.J.-e). Iran: Chronik wichtiger Ereignisse. September 2005. AG Friedensforschung Universität Kassel: http://www.ag-friedensforschung.de/regionen/Iran/Chronik/05-08.html (22.12.2013).
Aggestam, Lisbeth. (2008). Introduction: Ethical Power Europe? International Affairs, 84 (1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2346.2008.00685.x
Alemann, Ulrich von, Forndran, Erhard. (2002). Methodik der Politikwissenschaft (6., erw. Aufl.). Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.
Anderson, Jeffrey J., Ikenberry, John G. , Risse-Kappen, Thomas. (2008). The End of the West?: Crisis and Change in the Atlantic Order. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
APA. (2013, 02. Februar). Sicherheitskonferenz: US-Vize Biden reicht Europa die Hand. Der Standard (online Ausgabe), http://derstandard.at/1358305454488/Sicherheitskonferenz-US-Vize-Biden-reicht-Europa-die-Hand (05.02.2013).
APP Charter. (2007, October). Asia-Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate. http://www.asiapacificpartnership.org (20.01.2014).
Arms Control Association. (2012, updated April). Spring 2003 Proposal. History of Official Proposals on the Iranian Nuclear Issue, http://www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/Iran_Nuclear_Proposals (28.12.2013).
Asmus, Ronald D. (2003). Rebuilding the Atlantic Alliance. Foreign Affairs 82 (5), 20-31. https://doi.org/10.2307/20033680
Bachrach, Peter , Baratz, Morton S. (1962). Two Faces of Power. American Political Science Review, 56 (4), 947-952. https://doi.org/10.2307/1952796
Bachrach, Peter , Baratz, Morton S. (1963). Decisions and Nondecisions: An Analytical Framework. American Political Science Review 57 (2), 641-651. https://doi.org/10.2307/1952568
Bachrach, Peter, Baratz, Morton S. (1970). Power and Poverty: Theory and Practice. New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press.
Bacia, Horst. (2006, 01. Februar). Atomstreit mit Iran „Die Europäer sind wie kläffende Hunde“ Franfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (online Ausgabe), http://www.faz.net/themenarchiv/politik/vereinte-nationen/atomstreit-mit-iran-die-europaeer-sind-wie-klaeffende-hunde-1300233.html (12.12.2013).
Baker, Peter , Linzer, Dafna, Ricks, Thomas. (2006, April 9). U.S. is Studying Military Strike Options on Iran. Any Mix of Tact, Threats Alarms Critics. Washington Post (online edition), http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/04/08/AR2006040801082.html (12.12.2013).
Baldwin, David A. (1980). Interdependence and Power: A Conceptual Analysis. International Organization, 34 (4), 471-506. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0020818300018828
Baldwin, David A. (2013). Power and International Relations. In: Carlsnaes, Walter, Risse, Thomas, Simmons, Beth A., Handbook of International Relations (273-298): SAGE Publications.
Baldwin, David A. . (1985). Economic Statecraft. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Bang, Guri, Heggelund, Gorild, Vevatne, Jonas. (2005, November). Shifting Strategies in the Global Climate Negotiations, CICERO Report (08). Oslo: CICERO Center for International Climate and Environmental Research.
Barnett, Michael N., Duvall, Raymond. (2005). Power in Global Governance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Barrot, Jacques. (2007, February 05 ). Jacques, Barrot, Vice President of the European Commission, Commissioner for Transport: EU- US Open Skies: No Stone must be Left Unturned, Speech to the International Aviation Club, Washington, DC: European Commission. http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=SPEECH/07/65 (22.11.2013). https://doi.org/10.3406/ecofi.2007.4256
Bauchmüller, Michael. (2007, 17. Mai). G-8-Gipfel in Heiligendamm. Das neue Klima. Süddeutsche Zeitung (online Ausgabe), http://www.sueddeutsche.de/politik/g-gipfel-in-heiligendamm-das-neue-klima-1.779136 (12.12.2013).
Bauchmüller, Michael , Wernicke, Christian (2007, 8. Juni ). G 8: Klimaschutz zwischen Loben und Schimpfen Süddeutsche Zeitung (online Ausgabe), http://www.sueddeutsche.de/politik/g-klimaschutz-zwischen-loben-und-schimpfen-1.779454 (12.12.2013).
Baumann, Rainer , Rittberger, Volker , Wagner, Wolfgang. (1998). Macht und Machtpolitik: Neorealistische Außenpolitiktheorie und Prognosen für die deutsche Außenpolitik nach der Vereinigung, Tübinger Arbeitspapiere zur Internationalen Politik und Friedensforschung (30). Tübingen: Abteilung Internationale Beziehungen / Friedens- und Konfliktforschung, des Instituts für Politikwissenschaft der Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen.
Baylis, John, Roper, Jon. (2006). The United States and Europe: Beyond the Neo- Conservative Divide? Abingon, New York, NY: Routledge.
BBC News. (2001, March 29). Anger at US Climate Retreat. BBC News, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/1248278.stm (22.12.2013).
BBC News. (2003, September 19). Russia-Iran Nuclear Deal 'far off'. BBC News, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/3122068.stm (22.11.2012).
Behnke, Joachim, Baur, Nina, Behnke, Nathalie. (2006). Empirische Methoden der Politikwissenschaft. Paderborn: Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh.
Berenskoetter, Felix. (2007). Thinking About Power. In: Berenskoetter, Felix, Williams, Michael, Power in World Politics (1-23). New York, NY: Routledge.
Berenskoetter, Felix, Williams, Michael J. (2007). Power in World Politics. Abingdon & New York, NY: Routledge.
Beste, Ralf, Koch, Dirk, Mascolo, Georg, Szandar, Alexander. (2005). Das Klima ist besser. Der Spiegel, 8 (21. Februar).
Bicchi, Federica. (2006). Our Size Fits All: Normative Power Europe and the Mediterranean. Journal of European Public Policy 13 (2), 286-303. https://doi.org/10.1080/13501760500451733
Biden, Joe. (2013, February 02). The White House Office of the Vice President: Remarks by Vice President Joe Biden to the Munic Security Conference, Hotel Bayerischer Hof, Munich: The White House Office of the Vice President. https://www.securityconference.de/fileadmin/user_upload/data/pdf/THE_WHITE_HOUSE___Office_of_the_Vice_President_For_Immediate_Release__February_2__2013_.pdf (19.01.2014).
Biebricher, Thomas. (2005). Selbstkritik der Moderne: Foucault und Habermas im Vergleich. Frankfurt A.M.: Campus Verlag.
Biedenkopf, Katja. (2012, September). Emissions Trading. A Transatlantic Journey for an Idea?, KFG Working Paper. Berlin: Freie Universität Berlin.
Bieler, Andreas, Morton, David. (2006). Neo-Gramscianische Perspektiven. In: Schieder, Siegfried, Spindler, Manuela, Theorien der Internationalen Beziehungen (Vol. 2, 353-381). Opladen & Farmington Hills: Verlag Barbara Budrich.
Bieling, Hans-Jürgen. (2006). Internationale Politische Ökonomie. In: Schieder, Siegfried, Spindler, Manuela, Theorien der Internationalen Beziehungen (Vol. Aufl. 2, 381-409). Opladen & Farmington Hills: Verlag Barbara Budrich.
Bierling, Stephan. (2007). Die EU und die USA. In: Weidenfeld, Werner, Wessels, Wolfgang, Jahrbuch für Europäische Integration 2007 (277-282). Baden-Baden: Nomos.
Biscop, Sven. (2007). The EU and Middle-Eastern Security: A New Departure? Montreal: Archive of European Integration. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230593145_13
Blatter, Joachim, Janning, Frank, Wagemann, Claudius. (2007). Qualitative Politikanalyse. Eine Einführung in Forschungsansätze und Methoden. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.
Blum, David, Ludwig, Andreas. (2006). Divergence between the European Union and the U.S.A. In: Gustenau, Gustav, Höll, Otmar, Nowotny, Thomas Europe-USA: Diverging Partners (121-164). Baden-Baden: Nomos.
Bolton, John R. (2003, November 12). The Continuing Threat of Weapons of Mass Destruction. Remarks by John R. Bolton Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security, Remarks at the American Spectator Dinner, Washington, DC: US Department of State. http://2001-2009.state.gov/t/us/rm/26129.htm (19.01.2014).
Bonham, Matthew G., Jönsson, Christer, Persson, Stefan, Shapiro, Michael J. (1987). Cognition and International Negotiation: The Historical Recovery of Discursive Space. Cooperation and Conflict, 22 (1), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1177/001083678702200101
Borger, Julian. (2001, March 29). Bush Kills Global Warming Treaty. The Guardian (online edition), http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2001/mar/29/globalwarming.usnews (12.12.2013).
Bouchner, Richard. (2003, May 27). U.S. Concerned About Iran's Nuclear Program, Support for Terrorism, US Department of State Noon Briefing Washington, DC: Bureau of International Information Programs, US Department of State. http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/library/news/iran/2003/iran-030527-usia03.htm (06.01.2014).
Bouchner, Richard. (2004a, November 16). State Department Briefing with Richard Bouchner, Department Spokesman, US Department of State, Washington, DC: Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control. http://www.iranwatch.org/government/US/DOS/us-dos-boucher-briefing-111604.htm (03.01.2014).
Bouchner, Richard. (2004b, October 20). State Department Briefing with Richard Bouchner, Department Spokesman. Excerpts, US Department of State, Washington, DC: Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control. http://www.iranwatch.org/government/US/DOS/us-dos-boucher-briefing-excerpts-102004.htm (03.01.2014).
Bretherton, Charlotte, Vogler, John. (2006). The European Union as a Global Actor. London: Routledge.
Brill, Kenneth. (2003, September 08). Iran's Nuclear Program, Statement by the United States on Agenda Item 4 (b) at the IAEA Board of Governors Meeting, Vienna: US Department of State. http://2001-2009.state.gov/t/isn/rls/rm/24150.htm (05.04.2014).
Brimmer, Esther. (2007). Seeing Blue: American Visions of the European Union. Chaillot Paper (105).
Brunnee, Jutta. (2008). Europe, the United States and the Global Climate Regime: All Together Now? Journal of Land Use and Environmental Law, 24, 1-43.
Brzoska, Michael, Neuneck, Götz, Meier, Oliver. (2006, Juni). Nur Diplomatie kann den Nuklearkonflikt mit dem Iran lösen: Neue Vorschläge und das amerikanische Gesprächsangebot. Hamburg: Institut für Friedensforschung und Sicherheitspolitik an der Universität Hamburg.
Bull, Hedley. (1977). The Anarchical Society. Study of Order in World Politics. Basingstoke: Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-24028-9
Bull, Hedley. (1982). Civilian Power Europe: A Contradiction in Terms? Journal of Common Market Studies, 21 (2), 149-164. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5965.1982.tb00866.x
Buncombe, Andrew, Lean, Geoffrey. (2005, December 11). Climate Campaigners Claim Greatest Ever Success at Montreal. Humiliation for Bush as Last-Minute Twist Means an Isolated US is Forced to sign up for Future Talks on Global Warming. The Independent (online edition), http://www.independent.co.uk/environment/climate-campaigners-claim-greatest-ever-success-at-montreal-519029.html (12.12.2013). https://doi.org/10.1353/bcc.2013.0785
Bundesministerium für Umwelt. (o.J.). Vertragsstaatenkonferenzen im Rahmen der Klimarahmenkonvention 1. - 10., http://www.bmu.de/klimaschutz/internationale_klimapolitik/un-klimakonferenzen/doc/36721.php (28.12.2013).
Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung. (2009, 30. März). UN-Klimakonferenz in Bonn. Offizielle Webseite der Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung, http://www.bpb.de/politik/hintergrund-aktuell/69429/un-klimakonferenz-in-bonn-30-03-2009 (12.12.2012).
Bush, George W. (2001, 13. März). "Ich lehne das Kyoto-Protokoll ab", Brief des US-Präsidenten George W. Bush an vier Senatoren: germanwatch.org. http://germanwatch.org/kliko/k10bush.htm (11.12.2014).
Bush, George W. (2002a, February 14). Remarks Announcing the Clear Skies and Global Climate Change Initiatives, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Silver Spring, MD: The White House, Office of the Press Secretary. http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2002/02/20020214-5.html (12.12.2014).
Bush, George W. (2002b, January 29). State of the Union Address: The United States Capitol, Washington, DC. http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2002/01/20020129-11.html (11.12.2014).
Bush, George W. (2005, May 31). President George W. Bush´s Remarks on Diplomatic Solution with North Korea and Iran, The White House, Washington, DC: Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control. http://www.iranwatch.org/government/US/WH/us-wh-bush-wtoiran-053105.htm (12.10.2013).
Bush, George W. (2008a, September 28). Bush Addresses Energy Policy, Climate Change, US State Department, Washington, DC: The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/09/28/AR2007092800676.html (07.05.2013).
Bush, George W. (2008b, April 16). Bush Remarks on Climate, CQ transcripts Washington Post (online edition), http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/04/16/AR2008041603084_pf.html (12.12.2013).
Butcher, Louise. (2010, April 7). Aviation: Open Skies. SN/BT/455: UK Parliament, House of Commons Library UK.
Button, Kenneth J. (1998, November 24). Opening U.S. Skies to Global Airline Competition, Trade Policy Analysis (5). www.cato.org (23.01.2014): Center for Trade Policy Studies.
Buzan, Barry, Wæver, Oole. (2003). Regions and Powers: The Structure of International Security. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511491252
Byerly, John. (2004, July 13). U.S.-EU Aviation Relations - Charting the Course for Success, Speech at the International Aviation Club, Washington DC: US Department of State.
Camp, Glen (2003). The End of the Cold War and US-EU-Relations, ZEI Discussion Paper (C 122). Bonn: Zentrum für Europäische Integrationsforschung.
Campbell, Edwina (2000). Die Relevanz amerikanischer Macht, anglo- amerikanische Vergangenheit und euro- atlantische Zukunft, Aktuelle Analysen (21). München: Hanns-Seidel-Stiftung.
Carlarne, Cinnamon (2006). Climate change policies an ocean apart: EU & US climate change policies compared. Penn State Environmental Law Review, 14 ( 3 ), 435-482.
Carpenter, Ursula. (2007, 04. Mai). Angela Merkel auf EU-Mission in Washinghton. Washington, DC: Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, www.kas.de (27.01.2014).
Carson, Marcus, Hellberg, Joakim. (2010). Washington Descends Deeper into Climate Gridlock, California and the States Creep Forward, Policy Brief. Stockholm: Stockholm Environment Institute.
Center for Climate and Energy Solutions. (o.J.-a). Analysis of President Bush´s Climate Change Plan. Center for Climate and Energy Solutions: http://www.c2es.org/federal/executive/george-w-bush-climate-change-strategy (12.12.2013).
Center for Climate and Energy Solutions. (o.J.-b). The Climate Stewardship Acts. Center for Climate and Energy Solutions: http://www.c2es.org/federal/congress/108/climate-stewardship-acts (12.12.2013).
Center for Climate and Energy Solutions. (o.J.-c). Conference of the Parties 8 (COP 8). Climate Talks in New Delhi, October 23 - November 1, 2002. Center for Climate and Energy Solutions: http://www.c2es.org/international/negotiations/cop-8 (12.12.2013).
Center for Climate and Energy Solutions. (o.J.-d). Legislation in the 107th Congress Related to Global Climate Change. Center for Climate and Energy Solutions: http://www.c2es.org/federal/congress/107/climate-change-legislative-proposals#limit (12.12.2013).
Center for Climate and Energy Solutions. (o.J.-e). Legislation in the 109th Congress Related to Global Climate Change. Center for Climate and Energy Solutions: http://www.c2es.org/federal/congress/109 (12.12.2013).
Center for Climate and Energy Solutions. (o.J.-f). Legislation in the 110th Congress Related to Global Climate Change. Center for Climate and Energy Solutions: http://www.c2es.org/federal/congress/110 (12.12.2013).
Center for Climate and Energy Solutions COP9. (o.J.). Ninth Session of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention onClimate Change (COP 9) Milan, Italy. December 1-12, 2003. Center for Climate and Energy Solutions: http://www.c2es.org/international/negotiations/cop-9 (12.12.2013).
Center for Climate and Energy Solutions COP10. (o.J.). Tenth Session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change. December 6-17, 2004. Buenos Aires, Argentina. Center for Climate and Energy Solutions: http://www.c2es.org/international/negotiations/cop-10/summary (12.12.2013).
Center for Climate and Energy Solutions COP11. (o.J.). Eleventh Session of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 11) and First Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (COP/MOP 1) Montreal, Canada November 28 - December 10, 2005. Center for Climate and Energy Solutions: http://www.c2es.org/international/negotiations/cop-11 (12.12.2013).
Center for International Climate and Environmental Research. (2006). U.S. to Host Asia-Pacific Partnership Talks This Week. CICERO Center for Climate and Environmental Research Oslo April 18. http://www.cicero.uio.no/webnews/index_e.aspx?id=10632 (15.08.2012).
Charbonneau, Louis. (2004, November 23). U.S., Iran Face off over EU Nuclear Draft-Diplomats. ABC News, http://abcnews.go.com/International/print?id=276168 (28.12.2013).
Charokopos, Michael. (2008). The Accomplishment of an EU-US "Open Skies" Agreement: Learning to Co-Operate? ECPR Standing Group on the European Union, Fourth Pan-European Conference on EU Politics. University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia: ECPR European Consortium for Political Research.
Checkel, Jeffrey. (2005, October). It's the Process Stupid! Process Tracing in the Study of European and International Politics, Working Paper (26). Oslo: Arena Centre for European Studies, University of Oslo.
Checkel, Jeffrey, Moravcsik, Andrew. (2001). A Constructivist Research Program in EU Studies? European Union Politics, 2 (2), 219-249. https://doi.org/10.1177/1465116501002002004
Chirac, Jacques. (1999). La France dans un monde multipolaire, débat à l´occasion du XXième anniversaire de l´Ifri, Palais de l´Elysée, 4. Novembre 1999. Politique Etrangère, 4, 803-812.
Clarke, Sean. (2005, July 6). Bush Acknowledges 'Problem' of Global Warming. The Guardian (online edition), http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2005/jul/06/usnews.development (12.12.2013).
CNN. (2001a, March 29). Bush Firm over Kyoto Stance. CNN.com, http://edition.cnn.com/2001/US/03/29/schroeder.bush/index.html (12.12.2013).
CNN. (2001b, March 29). Kyoto Outcry: What They Said. CNN.com, http://asia.cnn.com/2001/WORLD/europe/03/29/kyoto.reaction/index.html (12.12.2013).
CNN. (2003, October 22). Bush Backs Iran Nuke Pledge. CNN.com, http://articles.cnn.com/2003-10-22/world/iran.nuclear_1_uranium-enrichment-nuclear-program-civilian-purposes?_s=PM:WORLD (12.02.2011).
Congressional Research Service. (2002, November 08). Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web. Foreign Relations Authorisation FY 2003: an Overview, Report for Congress (RL31046). The Library of Congress www.fas.org (24.01.2014): Congressional Research Service.
Conniff, Richard. (2009). The Political History of Cap and Trade. How an Unlikely Mix of Environmentalists and Free-Market Conservatives Hammered Out the Strategy Known as Cap-and-Trade Smithsonian Magazine, August.
Cooper, Helene. (2006, November 29). Iran Resolution, Still Not Final, Drops Mention of Sanctions. The New York Times (online edition), http://www.nytimes.com/2006/11/29/world/middleeast/29iran.html (12.12.2013).
Cooper, Helene, Revkin, Andrew C. (2007, May 26). U.S. Rebuffs Germany on Greenhouse Gas Cuts. The New York Times (online edition), http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F40B1EFD3C540C758EDDAC0894DF404482&fta=y&incamp=archive:article_related (12.12.2013).
Cortell, Andrew P., Peterson, Susan. (2005). Synthesizing Rationalist and Constructivist Approaches to International Organizations: Lessons from the WTO and WHO, International Studies Association Annual Meeting, March 1-5. Honolulu.
Council of the European Union. (2006a, June 1). Elements of a Proposal to Iran as Approved on 1 June at the Meeting in Vienna of China, France, Germany, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, the United States of America, and the European Union. S202/06: Council of the European Union.
Council of the European Union. (2006b, January 12). Statement by Germany, France, the United Kingdom and the EU High Representative on the Iranian Nuclear Issue S008/06: Council of the European Union.
Council of the European Union External Relations. (2003, September 29). 2527th Council Meeting - External Relations. C/03/252 and 12294/03 (Presse 252): Europa.eu Press Releases Database (20.01.2014).
Council of the European Union General Affairs and External Relations. (2003a, July 21). 2522nd Council Meeting - External Relations. 11439/1/03 REV 1 (Presse 209): Council of the European Union.
Council of the European Union General Affairs and External Relations. (2003b, December 09). 2553rd Council Meeting Iran - Council Conclusions. 15536/03 (Presse 357): Iranwatch.org (20.01.2014).
Crail, Peter, Du Preez, Jean. (2004, June 1). IAEA Board Deplores Iran's Failure to Come into Full Compliance: Is Patience with Iran Running out? Global Security Newswire, http://www.nti.org/analysis/articles/iaea-deplores-irans-compliance/ (02.12.2013).
Crail, Peter, Lorenzo Sobrado, Maria. (2004, December 1). IAEA Board Welcomes EU-Iran Agreement: Is Iran providing Assurances or Merely Providing amusement? Global Security Newswire (Nuclear Threat Initiative), http://www.nti.org/analysis/articles/board-welcomes-eu-iran-agreement/ (02.12.2013).
Cushman, John H. jr. (1997, December 7). Intense Lobbying Against Global Warming Treaty. The New York Times (online edition), http://www.nytimes.com/1997/12/07/us/intense-lobbying-against-global-warming-treaty.html?pagewanted=all&src=pm (12.12.2013).
Dahl, Robert. (1957). The Concept of Power. Behavioral Science, 2 (3), 201-215. https://doi.org/10.1002/bs.3830020303
Davenport, Kelsey. (updated 2012). History of Official Proposals on the Iranian Nuclear Issue. Arms Control Association, http://www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/Iran_Nuclear_Proposals (03.12.2013).
De Moor, A.P.G., Berk, M.M., den Elzen, M.G.J., van Vuuren, D.P. (2002). Evaluating the Bush Climate Change Initiative, RICVM Rapport (728001019/2002). Bilthoven: RIVM National Institute for Public Health.
Dee, Megan. (2012). Standing Together or Doing the Splits? Evaluating European Union Performance in the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Negotiations European Foreign Affairs Review 17 (2), 187-210.
Deitelhoff, Nicole. (2006). Überzeugung in der Politik: Grundzüge einer Diskurstheorie internationalen Regierens. Frankfurt A.M.: Suhrkamp.
Delegation of the European Commission to the United States. (2003, June 25). EU-US Summit: European Union and The United States of America Agree on Opening Negotiations on Open Aviation Area. : www.euintheus.org (24.01.2014).
Delreux, Tom. (2011). The Relation Between the European Commission and the EU Member States in the Transatlantic Open Skies Negotiations: an Analysis of their Opportunities and Constraints. Journal of Transatlantic Studies, 9 (2), 113-135. https://doi.org/10.1080/14794012.2011.568164
Di Lorenzo, Giovanni, Ulrich, Bernd (2006, 23. März). Die größte Herausforderung ist der Iran. Die Zeit (online Ausgabe), http://www.zeit.de/2006/13/Steinmeier/seite-1 (12.12.2013).
Diaz-Bone, Rainer. (2011). Soziologie der Konventionen. Frankfurt am Main [u.a.]: Campus.
Diez, Thomas. (2005). Constructing the Self and Changing Others: Reconsidering `Normative Power Europe`. Millennium: Journal of International Studies, 33 (3), 613- 636. https://doi.org/10.1177/03058298050330031701
Diez, Thomas. (2013). Normative Power as Hegemony. Cooperation and Conflict 48 (2), 194-210. https://doi.org/10.1177/0010836713485387
Diez, Thomas , Albert, Mathias , Stetter, Stephan. (2008a). The Transformative Power of Integration: Conceptualizing Border Conflicts. In: Diez, Thomas, Albert, Mathias, Stetter, Stephan The European Union and Border Conflicts: The Transformative Power of Integration (13-33). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Diez, Thomas, Albert, Mathias, Stetter, Stephan. (2006). The European Union and Border Conflicts: The Transformative Power of Integration. International Organization 60 (3), 563-593. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0020818306060218
Diez, Thomas, Albert, Mathias, Stetter, Stephan (2008b). The European Union and Border Conflicts: The Transformative Power of Integration. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Diez, Thomas, Manners, Ian. (2005). Reflecting on Normative Power Europe. In: Berenskoetter, Felix Williams, M.J. , Power in World Politics (173-189). Abingdon: Routledge.
Diez, Thomas, Pace, Michelle. (2011). Normative Power Europe and Conflict Transformation. In: Whitman, Richard G., Normative Power Europe. Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives (210-226). Basingstoke & New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.
Donner, Susanne, Faltin, Felix. (2007). Klimapolitische Entwicklungen in den USA. Initiativen auf bundesstaatlicher und regionaler Ebene. Wissenschaftliche Dienste des Deutschen Bundestags: http://www.bundestag.de/dokumente/analysen/2008/Klimapolitische_Entwicklung_USA.pdf (12.12.2013).
Dowding, Keith. (2006). Three Dimensional Power: A Discussion of Steven Lukes Power: A Radical View (2nd ed). Political Studies Review, 4 (2), 136-145. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1478-9299.2006.000100.x
Drezner, Daniel. (2008). Lost in Translation? The Transatlantic Divide over Diplomacy. In: Kopstein, Jeffrey, Steinmo, Sven, Growing Apart? America and Europe in the 21st Century (192-210). Cambridge und New York, N.Y.: Cambridge University Press.
Duchêne, Francois (1972). Europe's Role in World Peace. In: Mayne, Richard, Europe Tomorrow- Sixteen Europeans look ahead. London: Fontana.
Dunne, Tim. (2008). Good Citizen Europe. International Affairs, 84 (1), 13-28. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2346.2008.00686.x
Dupont, Pierre-Emmanuel. (2003). The EU-Iran Dialogue in the Context of the Ongoing Nuclear Crisis. Central European Journal of International & Security Studies (CEJISS), 3 (1).
E3/EU Statement. (2006, January 12). Statement by Germany, United Kingdom, France and the EU High Representative on the Iranian Nuclear Issue. S008/06: Council of the European Union.
EEA. (2011, October 7). Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends and Projections in Europe 2011 - Tracking Progress Towards Kyoto and 2020 Targets. EEA Report No 4: EEA (European Environment Agency).
EG-Vertrag. (2002, 24. Januar). Konsolidierte Fassung des Vertrags zur Gründung der Europäischen Gemeinschaft. Europäische Union, C 325/33: Amtsblatt der Europäischen Gemeinschaften, EUR-Lex.europa.eu (24.01.2014).
Erdmann, Gero, Kneuer, Marianne. (2008). Externe Faktoren der Demokratisierung. Baden-Baden: Nomos. https://doi.org/10.5771/9783845212067
Ereli, J. Adam. (2004, November 18). State Department Briefing with J. Adam Ereli, Department Deputy Spokesman, US Department of State, Washington, DC. http://www.iranwatch.org/government/US/DOS/us-dos-ereli-111804.htm (07.11.2013).
Eriksen, Erik Oddvar (2006). The EU - a Cosmopolitan Polity? Journal of European Public Policy, 13 (2), 252-269. https://doi.org/10.1080/13501760500451683
EU-U.S. Summit. (2007, April). 2007 EU-U.S. Summit Statement, Energy Security, Efficiency, and Climate Change: European External Action Service (EEAS). http://eeas.europa.eu/us/sum04_07/joint_statement_energy_security.pdf (23.01.2014).
EU Statement to the United Nations. (2006, October 23). EU Presidency Statement - Explanation of Vote on the Draft Resolution on "Risk of Nuclear Proliferation in the Middle East". http://www.eu-un.europa.eu/articles/en/article_6394_en.htm (26.01.2014).
Europäische Kommission. (2001). Mitteilung der Kommission an den Rat, das Europäische Parlament, den Wirtschafts- und Sozialausschuss und den Ausschuss der Regionen zum sechsten Aktionsprogramm der Europäischen Gemeinschaft für die Umwelt 'Umwelt 2010: Unsere Zukunft liegt in unserer Hand' - Sechstes Umweltaktionsprogramm. KOM(2001)0031 endg.: Europäische Komission.
Europäische Kommission. (2007, 07. Dezember). Emissionshandel: EU-Kommission entscheidet über Änderungen am nationalen Zuteilungsplan der Slowakei für 2008-2012. IP/07/1869: Europa.eu Press Releases Database (20.01.2014).
Europäische Kommission. (2009). EU-Maßnahmen gegen den Klimawandel. Das Emissionshandelssystem der EU. : Amt für Veröffentlichungen der Europäischen Gemeinschaften.
Europäische Kommission. (2010, März). Mitteilung der Kommission: Europa 2020 Eine Strategie für intelligentes, nachhaltiges und integratives Wachstum. Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit, KOM(2010) 2020 endg.: ESF.
Europäische Union. (2010, 10. Mai). Pressemitteilung: Erster offizieller Besuch von Handelskommissar Karel de Gucht in den USA. IP/10/550: europa.eu Press Releases Database (20.01.2014).
Europäisches Parlament. (2007). Bericht über den transatlantischen Dialog der Gesetzgeber. 63. Interparlamentarisches Treffen EP/US-Kongress. 3.-8. Oktober 2007. Washington D.C. und Nevada. CR\695443.DE.doc: Europäisches Parlament. Delegation für die Beziehungen zu den Vereinigten Staaten.
Europäisches Parlament. (2008, 17. Dezember). Das EU-Klimapaket. Offizielle Webpage Europäsiches Parlament: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//TEXT+IM-PRESS+20081208BKG44004+0+DOC+XML+V0//DE (12.12.2013).
Europäisches Parlament, Rat der EU. (2003, 13. Oktober). Richtlinie 2003/87/EG des Europäischen Parlaments und des Rates vom 13. Oktober 2003 über ein System für den Handel mit Treibhausgasemissionszertifikaten in der Gemeinschaft und zur Änderung der Richtlinie 96/61/EG des Rates. Amtsblatt Nr. L 275: EUR-LEX.europa.eu (20.01.2014).
European Comission. (2002, February 19). Communication of the Commission on Consequences of Court Judgements of 5 November 2002 for European Air Transport Policy. COM 2002 (649) final: EUR-LEX.europa.eu (20.01.2014).
European Union External Action Service. (o.J.). Brief History of Relations Between EU and Iran. European External Service (EEAS): http://www.eeas.europa.eu/iran/relations_en.htm (12.12.2013).
Everts, Steven. (2004). Engaging Iran. A Test Case for EU Foreign Policy. Center for European Reform Working Paper.
Fearon, James, Wendt, Alexander. (2002). Chapter 3: Rationalism v. Constructivism: A Skeptical View In: Carlsnaes, Walter, Risse, Thomas, Simmons, Beth, Handbook of International Relations (52-72). London: SAGE Publications.
Fehl, Caroline, Thimm, Johannes. (2008, März). Weltmacht und Weltordnung. Multilateralismus im transatlantischen Spannungsfeld, SWP-Studien (S06). Berlin: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik.
Finnemore, Martha. (1996). National Interests in International Society. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Finnemore, Martha, Sikkink, Kathryn. (1998). International Norm Dynamics and Political Change. International Organization, 52 (4), 887-917. https://doi.org/10.1162/002081898550789
Foucault, Michel. (1991). Die Ordnung des Diskurses (6). Frankfurt am Main: Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag.
Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. (2008, 17. April). Bushs Klimaschutz-Rede „Schlimmer als Nichtstun“ Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (online Ausgabe), http://www.faz.net/aktuell/wissen/klima/bushs-klimaschutz-rede-schlimmer-als-nichtstun-1548790.html (12.12.2013).
Fritzsche, Steffen. (2007). Open Skies EU-USA: an Extraordinary Achievement?, Beiträge zum transnationalen Wirtschaftsrecht. Halle: Institut für Wirtschaftsrecht, Juristische Fakultät der Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg.
Fröhlich, Stefan. (2008). Die Europäische Union als Globaler Akteur. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.
Fröhlich, Stefan (2009). Außenpolitik unter Obama- pragmatischer Multilateralismus und transatlantische Annäherungen. Integration (1), 3-16. https://doi.org/10.5771/0720-5120-2009-1-3
Gaedtke, Jens-Christian. (2009). Europäische Außenpolitik. Paderborn: Schöningh.
GAO. (2008, April). Climate Change: EPA and DOE Should Do More to Encourage Progress Under Two Voluntray Programs, Highlights of GAO 06-97, a Report to Congressional Requests. Washington, DC: Government Accountability Office.
Gärtner, Heinz (2008). Obama - Weltmacht was nun? Außenpolitische Perspektiven (Vol. 7). Wien: LIT Verlag.
Gaventa, John. (2007). Levels, Spaces and Forms of Power: Analysing Opportunities for Change. In: Berenskoetter, Felix, Williams, Michael, Power in World Politics (204-224). Abingdon & New York, NY: Routledge.
Geden, Oliver. (2012, Juni). Die Modifikation des 2-Grad-Ziels. Klimapolitische Zielmarken im Spannungsfeld von wissenschaftlicher Beratung, politischen Präferenzen und ansteigenden Emissionen, SWP-Studien (S12). Berlin: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik.
Gelbspan, Ross. (2001, December 19). Bush's Climate Follies. The American Prospect (online edition), http://prospect.org/article/bushs-climate-follies (14.12.2013).
Gelinsky, Katja (2008, 24. Oktober). Bushs Klimapolitik. Die im Schatten sieht man nicht Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (online Ausgabe), http://www.faz.net/themenarchiv/2.1205/bushs-klimapolitik-die-im-schatten-sieht-man-nicht-1708762.html (12.12.2013).
George, Alexander L., Bennett, Andrew. (2005). Process-Tracing and Historical Explanation. In: Case Studies and Theory Development in the Social Sciences (205-233): BCSIA Studies in International Security
Gerichtshof der Europäischen Union. (2002a, 05. November). Urteil des Gerichtshofes vom 5. November 2002 in der Rechtssache C-466/98: Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften gegen Vereinigtes Königreich Großbritannien und Nordirland. C-466/98: Gerichtshof der Europäischen Union.
Gerichtshof der Europäischen Union. (2002b, 05. November). Urteil des Gerichtshofes vom 5. November 2002 in der Rechtssache C-467/98: Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften gegen Königreich Dänemark. C-467/98: Gerichtshof der Europäischen Union.
Gerichtshof der Europäischen Union. (2002c, 05. November). Urteil des Gerichtshofes vom 5. November 2002 in der Rechtssache C-476/98: Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften gegen Bundesrepublik Deutschland. C-476/98: Gerichtshof der Europäischen Union.
Gerichtshof der Europäischen Union. (2002d, 05. November). Urteil des Gerichtshofes vom 5. November 2002 in der Rechtssache C-468/98: Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften gegen Großherzogtum Luxemburg. C-472/98: Gerichtshof der Europäischen Union.
Gerichtshof der Europäischen Union. (2002e, 05. November). Urteil des Gerichtshofes vom 5. November 2002 in der Rechtssache C-468/98: Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften gegen Königreich Schweden. C-468/98: Gerichtshof der Europäischen Union.
Gerichtshof der Europäischen Union. (2002f, 05. November). Urteil des Gerichtshofes vom 5. November 2002 in der Rechtssache C-469/98: Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften gegen Republik Finnland. C-469/98: Gerichtshof der Europäischen Union.
Gerichtshof der Europäischen Union. (2002g, 05. November). Urteil des Gerichtshofes vom 5. November 2002 in der Rechtssache C-471/98: Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften gegen Königreich Belgien. C-471/98: Gerichtshof der Europäischen Union.
Gerichtshof der Europäischen Union. (2002h, 05. November). Urteil des Gerichtshofes vom 5. November 2002 in der Rechtssache C-475/98: Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften gegen Republik Österreich. C-475/98: Gerichtshof der Europäischen Union.
Ginsberg, Roy H. (2001). The European Union in International Politics: Baptism by Fire. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
Glasze, Georg, Mattissek, Annika. (2009). Die Hegemonie- und Diskurstheorie von Laclau und Mouffe. In: Glasze, Georg, Mattissek, Annika, Handbuch Diskurs und Raum. Theorien und Methoden für die Humangeographie sowie die sozial- und kulturwissenschaftliche Raumforschung (153-179). Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag.
Goldmark, Peter, von Weizsäcker, Ernst. (2007). The Decarbonization Challenge: U.S. and European Perspectives on Climate Change, Transatlantic Thinkers (Part 2). Brüssel: Bertelsmann Stiftung Transatlantic Office.
Gordon, Philip H. (2007, September/October). Punish France, Ignore Germany, Forgive Russia No Longer Fits http://www.brookings.edu/research/opinions/2007/09/europe-gordon (03.12.2013).
Grancay, Martin (2009). A Brief Genesis of the North Atlantic Air Transport, MPRA Paper (14095). Munich: Munich Personal RePEc Archive.
Greven, Ludwig. (2007, 02. Mai). EU - USA: Prima Klima, null Ergebnis Die Zeit (online Ausgabe), http://www.zeit.de/online/2007/18/eu-usa-presseschau (12.12.2013).
Grugel, Jean B. (2004). New Regionalism and Modes of Governance - Comparing US and EU Strategies in Latin America. European Journal of International Relations, 10 (4), 603-626. https://doi.org/10.1177/1354066104047850
Gupta, Joyeeta, Ringius, Lasse. (2001). The EU's Climate Leadership: Reconciling Ambition and Reality. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, 1, 281-299 https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1010185407521
Gustenau, Gustav, Höll, Otmar , Nowotny, Thomas. (2006). Europe-USA: Diverging Partners. Baden-Baden: Nomos.
Guzzini, Stefano. (2007). The Concept of Power: a Constructivist Analysis. In: Berenskoetter, Felix , Williams, Michael Power in World Politics (23-42). Abingdon & New York, NY: Routledge.
Guzzini, Stefano (1993). Structural Power. The Limits of Neorealist Power Analysis. International Organization, 47 (3), 443-478.
Haftendorn, Helga (2008). Die Europäer werden gefordert: Präsidentenwechsel in Washington und außenpolitische Positionen, DGAP- Analyse (2). Berlin: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik.
Haftendorn, Helga (1997). Kooperation jenseits von Hegemonie und Bedrohung: Sicherheitsinstitutionen in den internationalen Beziehungen (Ergebnisse eines Forschungsprojektes der Arbeitsstelle Transatlantische Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik an der Freien Universität Berlin). Baden-Baden: Nomos.
Handelsblatt. (2005, 18 Januar). Bush: Militäreinsatz gegen Iran denkbar. Handelsblatt (online Ausgabe), http://www.handelsblatt.com/politik/international/us-praesident-hofft-auf-diplomatische-loesung-bush-militaereinsatz-gegen-iran-denkbar/2465094.html (12.12.2013).
Harvey, Cole J., Sabatini, Richard. (2010, April 10). Russia's Lukewarm Support for International Sanctions Against Iran: History and Motivations. Global Security Newswire: http://www.nti.org/analysis/articles/russias-support-sanctions-against-iran/ (12.12.2013).
Harvey, Fiona, Ward, Andrew. (2007, September 29). Bush Calls for Fresh Global Approach to Climate Change. Financial Times (online edition), http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/34a19ce6-6e64-11dc-b818-0000779fd2ac.html#axzz26H2NWLSx (12.12.2013).
Haukkala, Hiski. (2011). The European Union as a Regional Normative Hegemon: The Case of European Neighbourhood Policy. In: Whitman, Richard G., Normative Power Europe: Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives (45-64). Basingstoke, New York, N.Y. : Palgrave Macmillan.
Heiligendamm Gipfelerklärung. (2007, 8. Juni). G8 Summit Heiligendamm, Zusammenfassung des Vorsitzes, Heiligendamm, 8. Juni 2007. : Presse- und Informationsamt der Bundesregierung.
Heise, Volker. (2007). Die ESVP in den transatlantischen Beziehungen, SWP Research Paper (11). Berlin: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik.
Hill, Steven. (2010, June 8). Europe Energized. The New York Times (online edition), http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/09/opinion/09iht-edhill.html (12.12.2013).
Hindess, Barry. (1996). Discourses of power. From Hobbes to Foucault. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.
Hockenos, Paul. (2009). Rethinking US-Europe Relations. Internationale Politik Global Edition, 10 (Spring 2009), 26-34.
Holzinger, Katharina. (2001). Verhandeln statt Argumentieren oder Verhandeln durch Argumentieren? Eine empirische Analyse auf der Basis der Sprechakttheorie. Politische Vierteljahresschrift 42 (3), 414 - 446 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11615-001-0073-2
House Hearing. (2006, February 8). Hearing U.S.-E.U. Open Skies Agreement: With a Focus on the U.S. Department of Transportation´s Notice of Proposed Rule-Making (NPRM) Regarding Actual Control of U.S. Air Carriers. Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure. Subcommitee on Aviation. House of Representatives. 109th Congress, 109-44: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Hovi, Jon, Skodvin, Tora, Andresen, Steinar (2003). The Persistence of the Kyoto Protocol: Why Other Annex I Countries Move on Without the United States. Global Environmental Politics, 3 (4), 1-23. https://doi.org/10.1162/152638003322757907
Howorth, Jolyon (2006). Beyond NATO? The European Security and Defence Project. In: Baylis, John, Roper, Jon, The US and Europe. Beyond the Neo- Conservative Divide? (107-122). Abindgdon & New York, NY: Routledge.
Hurrell, Andrew. (2000). Some Reflections on the Role of Intermediate Powers in International Institutions, Working Paper. Paths to Power: Foreign Policy Strategies of Intermediate States. Washington, DC: Latin American Program, Woodrow Wilson International Centre for Scholars.
IAEA. (2003, June 19). Statement by the Board, issued by the Chairwoman. IAEA Division of Public Information, www.iaea.org (24.01.2014).
IAEA Board of Governors. (2003a, June 19). Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Report by the Director General. GOV/2003/40: IAEA.
IAEA Board of Governors. (2003b, September 12 ). Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Resolution Adopted by the Board on 12 September 2003. GOV/2003/69: IAEA.
IAEA Board of Governors. (2003c, November 26). Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Resolution Adopted by the Board on 26 November 2003. GOV/2003/81: IAEA.
IAEA Board of Governors. (2004a, September 18). Implementation of the INPT Safeguards Agreement in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Resolution Adopted by the Board on 18 September 2004 GOV/2004/79: IAEA.
IAEA Board of Governors. (2004b, March 13). Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Resolution Adopted by the Board on 13 March 2004. GOV/2004/21: IAEA.
IAEA Board of Governors. (2004c, November 29). Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in the Islmic Republic of Iran. Resolution Adopted by the Board on 29 November 2004. GOV/2004/90: IAEA.
IAEA Board of Governors. (2006a, August 31). Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Report by the Director General. GOV/2006/53: IAEA.
IAEA Board of Governors. (2006b, February 4). Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Resolution Adopted on 4 February 2006. IAEA Board of Governors, GOV/2006/14: IAEA.
IAEA Board of Governors, Information Circular. (2005, August 08). Communication Dated 8 August 2005 Received from the Resident Representatives of France, Germany and the United Kingdom to the Agency. INFCIRC/651: IAEA.
IAEA Media Advisories. (2003, October 23). Iran Provides Nuclear Declaration to the IAEA - 23 October 2003, http://www.iaea.org/newscenter/mediaadvisory/iran/ma_iran_2310.html (03.12.2013).
IAEA Newscenter. (2003, October 21). IAEA and Iran. Chronology of Key Events (September 2002 - November 2004): Iran Declaration on Nuclear Cooperation Wellcomed, http://www.iaea.org/newscenter/focus/iaeairan/iran_timeline.shtml#september03 (03.12.2013).
International Carbon Action Partnership. (o.J.). International Carbon Action Partnership, Official Webpage. http://www.icapcarbonaction.com/ (12.12.2013).
International Institute for Sustainable Development. (2001). Summary of the Resumed Sixth Lesson of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change 16-27 July 2001. Earth Negotiations Bulletin, 12 (176).
Interview Washington DC 10.05. (2011). Interview mit einem Vertreter des World Resources Institute.
Interview Washington DC 10.05. (2011). Interview mit einem ehemaligen hochrangigen Vertreter des US Department of State.
Interview Washington DC 12.05. (2011). Interview mit einem ehemaligen Vertreter des US Department of State.
Interview Washington DC 13.04. (2011). Interview mit John Byerly, damaliger Ministerialrat für Verkehrsangelegenheiten, US Department of State.
Interview Washington DC 23.05. (2011). Interview mit einem ehemaligen Vertreter des US Department of State.
Interview Washington DC 24.05. (2011). Interview mit einem Anwalt der Air Line Pilots Association.
Interview Washington DC 28.04. (2011). Interview mit einem hochrangigen ehemaligen Vertreter des US Department of State.
Interview with Nicholas Burns. (2006, December 23). Conference Call on UN Sanctions Resolution 1737. R. Nicholas Burns, Under Secretary for Political Affairs: Washington, DC. http://2001-2009.state.gov/p/us/rm/2006/78246.htm (13.12.2013).
Iranian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. (2005a, August 22). Dr. Assefi: Iran Prepared to Discuss its Nuclear Activities with EU. Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control, http://www.iranwatch.org/government/Iran/iran-mfa-assefi-eutalks-082205.htm (03.12.2013).
Iranian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. (2005b, August 08). Iran Officially Announces the Unacceptability of Euopre´s Plan. Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control, http://www.iranwatch.org/government/Iran/iran-mfa-assefi-080805.htm (03.12.2013).
Jäger, Thomas, Höse, Alexander, Oppermann, Kai. (2005a). Die Sicherheitsstrategien Europas und der USA, transatlantische Entwürfe für eine Weltordnungspolitik. Baden-Baden: Nomos.
Jäger, Thomas, Höse, Alexander, Oppermann, Kai (2005b). Transatlantische Beziehungen. Sicherheit - Wirtschaft - Öffentlichkeit. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.
Janning, Josef (2008). Welcome Back, America?: Die USA und Europa im Aufbruch, Spotlight Europe (12). Gütersloh: Bertelsmann-Stiftung.
Joffe, Joseph (2005). Hypermacht und Friedensmacht: Die Zukunft der europäisch- amerikanischen Beziehungen. Stuttgart: Robert Bosch Stiftung.
Johnson, Rebecca. (2003). News Analysis: IAEA Adopts Critical Resolution in Deepening Crisis Over Iran's Nuclear Programme. Disarmament Policy, 73 (October-November 2003).
Johnson, Rebecca. (2005). In the News. Iran's Nuclear Programme: EU-3 Snubbed as Iran begins Uranium Conversion at Isfahan. Disarmament Diplomacy, 80 (Autumn 2005).
Johnson, Rebecca. (2006). News in Review. Narrowing options for Iran and the World. Disarmament Diplomacy, 82 (Spring 2006).
Joint Press Conference. (2007, April 30). President Bush Meets with EU Leaders, Chancellor Merkel of the Federal Republic of Germany and President Barroso of the European Council and President of the European Commission, Rose Garden, White House, Washington, DC: The White House. http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2007/04/20070430-2.html (19.01.2014).
Joint Science Academies' Statement. (2005, June 07). Joint Science Academies' Statement: Global Response to Climate Change. Institut de France. Académie Des Sciences.
Jomini, Patrick, Chai, Andreas, Achard, Pascal, Rupp, Judith. (2009, June 30). The Changing Landscape of Air Service Agreements, http://gem.sciences-po.fr/content/publications/pdf/Jomini_evolution_of_ASAs_062009.pdf (28.06.2013).
Jupille, Joseph, James, Caporaso. (1998). States, Agency, and Rules: The European Union in Global Environmental Politics. In: Rhodes, Carolyn (213-229). Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.
Justus, John R., Fletcher, Susan R. (2001, August 13). Global Climate Change. Resources, Science, and Industry Division, CRS Issue Brief for Congress (IB89005). Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service.
Kagan, Robert (2003). Of Paradise and Power: America and Europe in the New World Order. New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf.
Karlsson, Christer, Parker, Charles, Hjerpe, Mattias, Linnér, Björn-Ola. (2011). Looking for Leaders: Perceptions of Climate Change Leadership. Global Environmental Politics, 11 (1), 89-107. https://doi.org/10.1162/GLEP_a_00044
Kars, Mirjam, Stout, Helen. (2006). Open Skies and Hidden Agendas. The Case of the Open Skies Treaty from the Perspective of Strategic Behaviour, Paper for the ECPR Standing Group on the European Union, Third Pan-European Conference on EU Politics, 21-23 September 2006. Istanbul.
Katsioulis, Christos. (2008, November). Europäische Außenpolitik auf dem Prüfstand. Auf halber Strecke zum globalen Akteur?, Internationale Politikanalyse. Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, www.library.fes.de (23.01.2014): Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung.
Katzenstein, Peter. (1996). The Culture of National Security. Norms and Identity in World Politics. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
Katzenstein, Peter, Keohane, Robert O., Krasner, Stephen. (1998). International Organization and the Study of World Politics. International Organization, 52 (4), 645-686.
Kelemen, Daniel R. (2007). Globalizing EU Environmental Regulation, Paper Prepared for Conference on Europe and the Management of Globalization, February 23. Princeton University, Princeton, NJ.
Kelemen, Daniel R., Vogel, Daniel. (2010). Trading Places: The Role of the United States and the European Union in International Environmental Politics. Draft September 2007. Comparative Political Studies, 43 (4), 427-456. https://doi.org/10.1177/0010414009355265
Keller, Reiner, Viehöver, Willy. (2006). Diskursanalyse. In: Behnke, Joachim , Geschwendt, Thomas, Schindler, Delia, Schnapp, Kai- Uwe, Methoden der Politikwissenschaft. Neuere qualitative und quantitative Analyseverfahren (103-112). Baden-Baden: Nomos.
Kerr, Paul. (2006, June). U.S. Offers Iran Direct Talks. Arms Control Today, http://www.armscontrol.org/act/2006_06/IranDirectTalks (03.12.2013).
Kessler, Glenn. (2003, May 25). U.S. Eyes Pressing Uprising in Iran. Officials Cite Al Qaeda Links, Nuclear Program. Washington Post (online edition), http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn?pagename=article&contentId=A35772-2003May24&notFound=true (12.12.2013).
Kessler, Glenn. (2007, February 14). 2003 Memo Says Iranian leaders Backed Talks. The Washington Post (online edition), http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/02/13/AR2007021301363.html (12.12.2013).
Khalaf, Roula. (2006, June 02). World Powers Agree Deal on Iran Nuclear Package. Financial Times (online edition), http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/d46f1472-f199-11da-940b-0000779e2340.html (12.12.2013).
Kincade, William H. (2007 ). International Terrorism: Differing EU and U.S. Approaches. In: Foradori, Paolo, Paolo, Rosa, Scartezzini, Riccardo, Managing a Multilevel Foreign Policy- the EU in International Affairs (111-134). Plymouth: Lexington Books. https://doi.org/10.5771/9783845203737-206
Kissinger, Henry. (1973, May 14). Foreign Policy Adress to the Annual Meeting of the American Newspaper Publishers Association. Washington, DC: Department of State Bulletin.
Kleine-Brockhoff, Thomas. (2005, 24. Februar). Das große Friedensfest. Wie man Versöhnung inszeniert: Präsident George W. Bush besucht Europa und will sich wieder vertragen. Ein Protokoll aus den Kulissen. Die Zeit (online Ausgabe), http://www.zeit.de/2005/09/Bush-Reise (06.12.2013).
Klemm, Michael. (2007, Januar). Die Untersuchungen der IAEO zum iranischen Atomprogramm – Wie Iran sich drückt und windet, SWP Arbeitspapiere (2). Berlin: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110972405.145
KlimAktiv. (2009, 08. April). Internationale Klimaverhandlungen Bonn: USA halten sich bei Klimazielen noch zurück. KlimAktiv, http://www.klimaktiv.de/article227_7933.html (03.12.2013).
Klotz, Audie. (1995). Norms in International Relations: The Struggle Against Apartheid. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Klüver, Reymer. (2007, 28. September). Bush-Rede: Klimaschutz, aber freiwillig. Süddeutsche Zeitung (online Ausgabe), http://www.sueddeutsche.de/politik/bush-rede-klimaschutz-aber-freiwillig-1.890549 (06.12.2013).
Klüver, Reymer. (2008, 08. Juli ). G-8-Gipfel Klimawechsel in Washington. Süddeutsche Zeitung (online Ausgabe), http://www.sueddeutsche.de/politik/g-gipfel-klimawechsel-in-washington-1.216109 (06.12.2013).
Knapp, Manfred (1990). Transatlantische Beziehungen. Die USA und Europa zwischen gemeinsamen Interessen und Konflikt. Stuttgart: Steiner.
Knill, Christoph, Tosun, Jale. (2008). Umweltpolitik. In: Heinelt, Hubert, Knodt, Michèle, Politikfelder im EU-Mehrebenensystem. Instrumente und Strategien europäischen Regierens (157-172). Baden-Baden: Nomos.
Knothe, Danko. (2005). Macht, Machtperzeption und die Grundlagen gruppenhegemonialer Governance in internationalen Institutionen. Hallenser IB-Papier, 1.
Koch, Dirk. (2005). Zu viel Sendungsbewusstsein. Martin Schulz, Vorsitzender der Sozialistenfraktion im EU-Parlament, über europäische Kritik an den USA Der Spiegel, 8.
Konsolidierte Fassung des Vertrags über die Europäische Union und des Vertrags über die Arbeitsweise der Europäischen Union. (2010, 30. März). C 83: Amtsblatt der Europäischen Union, EUR-LEX.europa.eu (20.01.2014).
Kopstein, Jeffrey, Steinmo, Sven. (2008). Growing Apart? America and Europe in the Twenty-First Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kornblum, John C. (2012, 26. November). Gezeitenwechsel: Ein globaler Atlantik, Vortrag: Deutsch-Amerikanisches Institut: Tübingen.
Kornelius, Stefan. (2013, 31. Januar). Atomprogramm in Iran US-Vizepräsident Biden droht Teheran Süddeutsche Zeitung (online Ausgabe), http://www.sueddeutsche.de/politik/atomprogramm-in-iran-us-vizepraesident-biden-droht-teheran-1.1588594 (06.12.2013).
Koschut, Simon Morgan, Jennifer. (2008). Eine neue europäische Klimadiplomatie- Einbindung der USA bei der Lösung der Klimakrise, DGAP Standpunkt (16). Berlin: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik.
Kraack, Michael. (2000). Rio, Kyoto und Cartagena: Die Europäische Union als Akteur in der globalen Umweltpolitik. In: Schubert, Klaus, Müller-Brandeck-Bouquet, Gisela, Die Europäische Union als Akteur in der Weltpolitik (219-234). Opladen: Leske+Budrich.
Kraemer, Andreas. (2009). Von Europas Fehlern lernen: Beim Klimaschutz gerieten die USA ins Hintertreffen; sie holen schnell auf, Internationale Politik (64). Berlin: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik.
Kreutzfeldt, Malte. (2008, 09. Juli). Die Klima-Einigung der G-8-Staaten bringt keinen Fortschritt. Vision grenzt an Realsatire. Die Tageszeitung taz (online Ausgabe), http://www.taz.de/!19860/ (06.12.2013).
Kubbig, Bernd (1991). Transatlantische Unsicherheit: die amerikanisch-europäischen Beziehungen im Umbruch. Frankfurt am Main: Fischer-Taschenbuch-Verlag.
Kubsch, Sebastian. (2009, 30. September). EU ETS und der Lieberman-Warner Climate Security Act - Effizienzunterschiede und Linkage-Möglichkeiten, DB Research Working Paper Series (Research Notes 33). Frankfurt, a.M.: Deutsche Bank.
Kühnhardt, Ludger. (2003). Contrasting Transatlantic Interpretations. The EU and the US Towards a Common Global Role. Stockholm: Sieps.
Kupchan, Charles. (2003). The End of the American Era : U.S. Foreign Policy and the Geopolitics of the Twenty-First Century. New York, NY: Vintage Books.
Laclau, Ernesto, Mouffe, Chantal (1985). Hegemony and Socialist Strategy – Towards a radical democratic politics. London, New York, N.Y.: Verso.
Laïdi, Zaki (2005). Peut-on Prendre la Puissance Européenne au Sérieux?, Cahiers Européens (5). Paris: Centre D’Etudes Européennes, Sciences Po.
Laïdi, Zaki. (2009). ‘A Normative Hegemon? The Unintended Consequences of European Power’, Paper for the 6th ELIAMEP European Seminar. The Delphic Oracle on Europe: Politics and Policies, June 25-28 Delphi: Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy.
Langenbach, Anna, Olberg, Lars, Du Preez, Jean. (2005). The New IAEA Resolution: A Milestone in the Iran-IAEA Saga. Global Security Newswire, http://www.nti.org/analysis/articles/new-iaea-resolution/ (03.12.2013).
Leonard, Mark. (2005). Europe`s Transformative Power. CER Bullettin (40).
Lerch, Marika. (2004). Menschenrechte und Außenpolitik, eine konstruktivistische Analyse. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-322-88986-7
Lerch, Marika, Schwellnus, Guido. (2006). Normative by Nature? The Role of Coherence in Justifying the EU's External Human Rights Policy. Journal of European Public Policy, 13 (2), 304-321. https://doi.org/10.1080/13501760500452665
Lightfoot, Simon, Burchell, Jon. (2005). The European Union and the World Summit on Sustainable Development: Normative Power in Action? Journal of Common Market Studies, 43 (1), 75-95. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0021-9886.2005.00547.x
Link, Werner. (2006). Auf dem Weg zu einem neuen Europa- Herausforderungen und Antworten, ASKO Europa-Stiftung (Band 1). Baden-Baden: Nomos.
Little, Amanda. (2005, August 05). New Asia-Pacific Climate Pact is Long on PR, Short on Substance. Grist Magazine, http://grist.org/article/little-pact/?source=muck (23.01.2014).
Litwak, Robert. (2003). Non-Proliferation and the Dilemmas of Regime Change. Survival, 45 (4), 7-32. https://doi.org/10.1080/00396330312331343566
Lobe, Jim. (2001, April 03). Europe: Will Ratify Kyoto Protocol Despite US Withdrawal. TWN Third World Network http://www.twnside.org.sg/title/ratify.htm (25.11.2013).
Lübkemeier, Eckhard. (1992). Transatlantische Beziehungen nach dem Ende der Ost-West-Konfrontation. Bonn: Friederich-Ebert-Stiftung.
Malnes, Raino. (1994). 'Leader' and 'Entrepreneur' in International Negotiations: a Conceptual Analysis. European Journal of International Relations, 1 (1), 87-112.
Manners, Ian. (2002). Normative Power Europe: A Contradiction in Terms? Journal of Common Market Studies 40 (2), 235-258. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-5965.00353
Manners, Ian J., Whitman, Richard G. (1998). Towards identifying the international identity of the European Union: A framework for analysis of the EU's network of relationships. Journal of European Integration, 21, 231-249. https://doi.org/10.1080/07036339808429068
March, Steve. (2006). The United States and the Common European Security and Defence Policy: No End to Drift? In: Baylis, John, Roper, Jon, The US and Europe. Beyond the Neo- Conservative Divide? (89-107). Abingdon, New York, NY: Routledge.
Markey, Edward. (2007, May 14). President´s Fuel Rhethoric Hides yet Another Stall Tactic, The US House of Representatives, Washington, DC. http://markey.house.gov/press-release/may-14-2007-markey-president%E2%80%99s-fuel-rhetoric-hides-yet-another-stall-tactic (15.12.2012).
Mascolo, Georg. (2004, 13. Dezember). Abhöraffäre Baradei empört über US-Lauschangriff. Spiegel Online, http://www.spiegel.de/politik/ausland/0,1518,332544,00.html (12.12.2012).
Mason, Jeff. (2007, April 2). EU slams U.S., Australia on Climate Change. Reuters.com, http://www.reuters.com/article/2007/04/02/us-globalwarming-idUSL014880320070402 (21.03.2012).
Mason, Joseph. (2012, February 17). Europe's Cap-and-Trade Lesson for California. USNews.com, http://www.usnews.com/opinion/blogs/economic-intelligence/2012/02/17/europes-cap-and-trade-lesson-for-california (05.02.2013).
Maull, Hanns (1990). Germany and Japan: The New Civilian Powers. Foreign Affairs, 69 (5), 91-106. https://doi.org/10.2307/20044603
Mayer, Hartmut. (2008). Is It Still Called Chinese Whispers The EU's Rhetoric and Action as a Responsible Global Institution. International Affairs, 84 (1), 62-79. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2346.2008.00689.x
Mayer, Peter, Rittberger, Volker, Zelli, Fariborz (2003). Risse im Westen? Betrachtungen zum transatlantischen Verhältnis heute, (40). Tübingen: Abteilung Internationale Beziehungen / Friedens- und Konfliktforschung, Institut für Politikwissenschaft, Universität Tübingen,.
McClellan, Scott. (2005, March 01). Press Briefing with Scott Mcclellan, White House Press Secretary, The White House, Washington, DC: Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control. http://www.iranwatch.org/government/US/WH/us-wh-mcclellan-iranpressbriefing-030105.htm (15.12.2013).
McCright, Aaron, Dunlap, Riley E. (2003). Defeating Kyoto: The Conservative Movement´s Impact on U.S. Climate Change Policy. Social Problems, 50 (3), 348-373.
McGuire, Steven, Smith, Michael. (2008). The European Union and the United States: Competition and Convergence in the Global Arena. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-137-11994-0
McKinney, Joseph. (2006). Transatlantic Relations in a Global Economy. In: Baylis, John, Roper, Jon, The US and Europe. Beyond the Neo- Conservative Divide? (162-176). Abindgdon, New York, NY: Routledge.
Mearsheimer, John J. (2001). The Tragedy of Great Power Politics. New York, NY: W.W. Norton.
Meier-Walser, Reinhard C. . (1997). Transatlantische Partnerschaft: Perspektiven der amerikanisch-europäischen Beziehungen. Landsberg am Lech: Olzog.
Meiers, Franz-Josef (2007). EU als Militärmacht. In: Ehrhart, Hans- Georg, Jaberg, Sabine, Rinke, Bernhard, Waldmann, Jörg Die Europäische Union im 21. Jahrhundert: Theorie und Praxis europäischer Außen-, Sicherheits- und Friedenspolitik. (133 – 147). Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.
Mellenthin, Knut. (2004, 20. September). US-Flop mit Resolutionsentwurf. Junge Welt, http://www.ag-friedensforschung.de/regionen/Iran/iaeo-res-komm.html (03.12.2013).
Meyer, Anna Katharina (2007, July 19). Chronology on the European Diplomacy in the Conflict Over Iran's Nuclear Program. From August 2002 until July 2007. Deutsche-Aussenpolitik.de: http://www.deutsche-aussenpolitik.de/index.php?/resources/dossiers/iran06/Introduction.php (25.11.2013).
Mildner, Stormy-Annika, Richert, Jörn. (2009). USA: Die neue Klimapolitik unter Barack Obama Endgültiger Bruch mit der Ära Bush? . In: Die internationale Klimapolitik. Prioritäten wichtiger Verhandlungsmächte (Dezember, SWP-Studien/S 30, 38-48). Berlin: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik.
Mildner, Stormy-Annika, Richert, Jörn. (2010). Obamas neue Klimapolitik. Möglichkeiten und Grenzen eines klimapolitischen Wandels in den USA, SWP-Studien (S04). Berlin: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik.
Moravcsik, Andrew. (2003). Striking a New Transatlantic Bargain. Foreign Affairs, 82 (4), 74-89. https://doi.org/10.2307/20033650
Moslener, Ulf , Sturm, Bodo. (2008). A European Perspective on Recent Trends in U.S. Climate Policy. ZEW Discussion Paper 08-026.
Mousavian, Hossein. (2010). Ein iranisches Plädoyer für Verhandlungen. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (online edition), http://www.faz.net/frankfurter-allgemeine-zeitung/politik/ein-iranisches-plaedoyer-fuer-verhandlungen-11084393.html (06.12.2013).
Müller-Graff, Peter-Christian (2006). Die Rolle der erweiterten Europäischen Union in der Welt. Baden-Baden: Nomos.
N-TV. (2007, 30 April). EU-USA-Gipfel: Schutz für das Klima. N-TV, http://www.n-tv.de/politik/Schutz-fuer-das-Klima-article339793.html (03.12.2013).
Nakamura, Maya, Du Preez, Jean. (2003, December 01). Iran and the IAEA: A Troubling Past with a Hopeful Future? Global Security Newswire, http://www.nti.org/analysis/articles/iran-and-the-iaea/ (03.12.2013).
New York Times. (2002, September 20). Bush's National Security Strategy. New York Times (online Ausgabe), http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/20/politics/20STEXT_FULL.html?pagewanted=all (06.12.2013).
Niblett, Robin. (2008). Now Over to You, Europe: United States Presidency and Europe. The World Today, 64 (12), 4-5.
Niemann, Arne, de Wekker, Tessa (2010). Normative power Europe? EU Relations with Moldova,. European Integration Online Papers (EIoP), 14 (14).
Nölke, Andreas. (2006). Weltsystemtheorie. In: Schieder, Siegfried, Spindler, Manuela, Theorien der Internationalen Beziehungen (Vol. 2. Aufl. , 325-353). Opladen & Farmington Hills: Verlag Barbara Budrich.
NPT. (1995, May 11). The Treaty of Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) (Text of the Treaty). United Nations Official Webpage, www.un.org (20.01.2014).
NTI. (2003, December 30). Washington Reviewing Policy Toward Iran. Global Security Newswire, Nuclear Threat Initiative: http://www.nti.org/gsn/article/washington-reviewing-policy-toward-iran/ (03.02.2013).
Nye, Joseph, jr. (2000). The US and Europe: continental drift? International Affaitrs 76 (1), 51-59. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2346.00119
NZZ. (2006, 07. Juli). "Unter Druck gibt Iran nicht nach" Interview: Tim Guldimann zu den Chancen einer Einigung im Atomstreit. Neue Zürcher Zeitung (online Ausgabe), http://www.nzz.ch/aktuell/startseite/articlee8h8j-1.44224 (06.12.2013).
Obama, Barak. (2009, 18. Dezember). Wortlaut: Obamas Rede auf der Klimakonferenz. Spiegel Online, http://www.spiegel.de/wissenschaft/natur/wortlaut-obamas-rede-auf-der-klimakonferenz-engl-a-667966.html (23.3.2013).
Obama, Barak. (2013, January 21). Inaugural Address by President Barack Obama, United States Capitol, Washington, DC: The White House, Office of the Press Secretary. http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2013/01/21/inaugural-address-president-barack-obama (12.12.2013).
Obama, Barak. (2014, January 17). Transcript of President Obama’s Jan. 17 Speech on NSA Reforms, Justice Department in Washington, DC: The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/full-text-of-president-obamas-jan-17-speech-on-nsa-reforms/2014/01/17/fa33590a-7f8c-11e3-9556-4a4bf7bcbd84_print.html (19.01.2014).
Oberthür, Sebastian (1999). The EU as an International Actor: The Protection of the Ozone Layer. Journal of Common Market Studies, 37, 641-659. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-5965.00200
Oberthür, Sebastian, Ott, Hermann (2000). Internationale Klima-Politik für das 21. Jahrhundert. Opladen: Leske+Budrich.
Ochs, Alexander, Schaper, Marcus. (2005). Konflikt statt Kooperation? Die transatlantischen Umweltbeziehungen. In: Jäger, Thomas, Höse, Alexander , Oppermann, Kai, Transatlantische Beziehungen. Sicherheit - Wirtschaft - Öffentlichkeit. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.
Oelrich, Christiane, Trankovits, Laszlo. (2007, 4. September). Apec-Gipfel Bush will in Sydney US-Klimaziele stärken Der Tagesspiegel (online Ausgabe), http://www.tagesspiegel.de/politik/international/apec-gipfel-bush-will-in-sydney-us-klimaziele-staerken/1033092.html (06.12.2013).
Oezbek, Elisa. (2010). The EU´s Proliferation Strategy: Iran as a Test Case. Strategic Assessment, 13 (2).
Osterburg, Bernhard, Roder, Norbert, Elsasser, Peter, Dieter, Matthias, Krug, Joachim. (2009, Juni). Analyse ausgewählter internationaler Studien und Dokumente in Hinblick auf Kosten und Potentiale der Minderung von Treibhausgasemissionen sowie des Aufbaus und der Erhaltung von C-Senken im deutschen Agrar- und Forstsektor. Studie im Auftrag des Bundesministeriums für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Verbraucherschutz, Arbeitsbereichte aus der vTI -Agrarökonomie (04). Braunschweig: Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut.
Overhaus, Macro. (2007a, July 19). Iran's Nuclear Program: Test Case for European Ambitions. deutsche-aussenpolitik.de, http://www.deutsche-aussenpolitik.de/index.php?/resources/dossiers/iran06/overview.php (03.12.2013).
Overhaus, Marco. (2007b). European Diplomacy and the Conflict over Iran's Nuclear Program.
Parenteau, Patrick (2004, March 22). Anything Industry Wants: Environmental Policy under Bush II. (Natural Resources Policy Under the Bush Administration). Duke Environmental Law & Policy Forum, http://www.law.duke.edu/shell/cite.pl?14+Duke+Envtl.+L.+&+Pol%27y+F.+363 (23.01.2013).
Paris Agreement. (2004, November 26). Communication Dated 26 November 2004 Received from the Permanent Representatives of France, Germany, The Islamic Republic of Iran and the United Kingdom concerning the Agreement signed in Paris on 15 November 2004. INFCIRC/637: IAEA.
Partnership on Global Climate Change. (2007). Action between the Federal Republic of Germany and the State of Florida:. Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC), a Research Institute of the University of Central Florida.
Paterson, Matthew. (2009). Post-Hegemonic Climate Politics? The British Journal of Politics and International Relations (11), 140-158. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-856X.2008.00354.x
PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency. (2008, June 16). Global CO2 Emissions: Increase Continued in 2007. PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency: PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency www.pbl.nl (23.01.2014).
PBS. (2004, August 11). Nuclear Agency Raises Serious Concern over Iran. Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) News Hour, http://www.pbs.org/newshour/updates/iran_08-11-05.html (03.12.2013).
Pew Center on Global Climate Change. (2007). Thirteenth Session of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and third Session of The Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol, December 13-15, Bali, Indonesia. Pew Center on Global Climate Change: http://www.c2es.org/docUploads/Pew%20Center_COP%2013%20Summary.pdf (23.11.2013).
Pew Center on Global Climate Change. (2008). Economy-Wide Cap-and-Trade Proposals in the 110th Congress as of December 1, 2008. Pew Center on Global Climate Change: http://www.c2es.org/docUploads/Chart-and-Graph-120108.pdf (23.11.2013).
Pinzler, Petra. (2007, 17. Februar). Mehr Peitsche, weniger Zucker. Die EU macht Ernst mit Sanktionen gegen Iran – und gleichzeitig misstraut sie Amerika. Die Zeit (online Ausgabe), http://www.zeit.de/2007/08/Iran-Streit/seite-1 (06.12.2013).
Plück, Katharina. (2006). Transatlantische Lastenteilung: Wer trägt die Kosten für die Bewahrung globaler Sicherheit? Integration, 29 (3), 250-259. https://doi.org/10.5771/0720-5120-2006-3-250
Portela, Clara. (2003). The Role of the EU in the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. The Way to Thessaloniki and Beyond, PEIF Reports (65). Frankfurt, a.M.: Peace Research Institute Frankfurt.
Porter, Charlene. (2002, October 21). U.S. Will Be Active Partner in Upcoming Climate Change Talks. United States Diplomatic Mission to Italy http://www.usembassy.it (23.01.2014).
Posch, Walter. (2006). Iranian Challenges. Chaillot Paper. Institute for Security Studies (ISS), 89.
Press Conference. (2005, February 23). The President's News Conference With Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder of Germany in Mainz, Electoral Palace, Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov (24.01.2014). http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/WCPD-2005-02-28/html/WCPD-2005-02-28-Pg301.htm (23.11.2013).
Press Statement of the Director General. (2005, August 11). Transcript of the Director General´s Press Statement on Activities in Iran, IAEA Headquarters Vienna. http://www.iaea.org/newscenter/transcripts/2005/transcr11082005.html (12.12.2013).
Pullinger, Gerrard, Quille, Stephen. (2003, November). The European Union: Tackling the Threat from Weapons of Mass Destruction Brussels: ISIS International Security Information Service.
Pullinger, Stephen. (2004). In the News. IAEA Censure as Iran Moves Closer to the Brink. Disarmament Diplomacy, 78 (July/August 2004).
Rat der Europäischen Union. (2003a, 12. Dezember). Ein sicheres Europa in einer besseren Welt, Europäische Sicherheitsstrategie. : Rat der Europäischen Union, www.consilium.europa.eu (24.01.2014).
Rat der Europäischen Union. (2003b, 10. Dezember). Strategie der EU gegen die Verbreitung von Massenvernichtungswaffen. 15708/03: Rat der Europäischen Union.
Rat der Europäischen Union. (2007, 02. Mai). Schlussfolgerungen des Vorsitzes des Europäsichen Rates (Tagung vom 8./9.März 2007, Brüssel). 7224/1/07 Rev1: Rat der Europäischen Union.
Rees, Wyn (2009). Securing the Homelands: Transatlantic Co-Operation after Bush. The British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 11 (1), 108-121. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-856X.2008.00350.x
Reuters. (2006, May 30). EU's Solana says would welcome U.S.-Iran talks. One India News (online edition), http://news.oneindia.in/2006/05/30/eus-solana-says-would-welcome-us-iran-talks-1148992703.html (12.12.2012).
Reuters. (2009, 23. November). Temperaturwandel China bekennt sich halbherzig zu seinen Klimasünden Die Zeit (online edition), http://www.zeit.de/wissen/umwelt/2010-11/klimawandel-china (06.12.2013).
Rice, Condoleezza. (2006a, May 31). Excerpts from Rice's Speech on Iran: CNN Politics. http://articles.cnn.com/2006-05-31/politics/rice.excerpts_1_reprocessing-activities-eu-3-enrichment?_s=PM:POLITICS (12.12.2013).
Rice, Condoleezza. (2006b, May 31). Full Text: Rice speech on Iran. BBC News Online: http://news.bbc.co.uk/go/pr/fr/-/2/hi/americas/5034920.stm (22.11.2013).
Rice, Interview Handelsblatt Condoleezza. (2003, 31. Mai). Der Iran hat eine aggressive Tagesordnung. Handelsblatt (online Ausgabe), http://www.handelsblatt.com/archiv/rice-kein-vergiftetes-verhaeltnis-der-iran-hat-eine-aggressive-tagesordnung/2249828.html (06.12.2013).
Richert, Jörn. (2009, März). Klimawandel und Sicherheit in der amerikanischen Politik, SWP-Diskussionspapier (FG 8). Berlin: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik.
Richter, Nicolas. (2013, 03. Januar). Treffen der Rivalen. Süddeutsche Zeitung. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00092-013-0352-4
Riedl, Myriam. (2006, Januar ). Die Verhandlungen zwischen den EU-3 und dem Iran im Streit um dessen Atomprogramm, Schriftenreihe sozialwissenschaftliche Abschlussarbeiten. Mannheim: Universität Mannheim.
Riemer, Andrea, Hauser, Gunther. (2004). Die Nationale Sicherheitsstrategie der USA und die Europäische Sicherheitsstrategie: Ein Vergleich des Unvergleichbaren, Arbeitspapiere zur Internationalen Politik und Außenpolitik (AIPA) (2). Köln: Universität zu Köln.
Rinke, Bernhard. (2007). Von der Zivilmacht zur Weltmacht? Die Europäische Union als Akteur im internationalen System. In: Ehrhart, Hans-Georg, Jaberg, Sabine, Rinke, Bernhard, Waldmann, Jörg, Die Europäische Union im 21. Jahrhundert.Theorie und Praxis europaeischer Aussen-, Sicherheits- und Friedenspolitik (108-123). Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.
Risse- Kappen, Thomas. (1995). Democratic Peace- Warlike Democracies? A Social Constructivist Interpretation of the Liberal Argument. European Journal of International Relations, 1 (4), 491-517. https://doi.org/10.1177/1354066195001004005
Risse-Kappen, Thomas. (1995). Cooperation Among Democracies : the European Influence on U.S. Foreign Policy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Risse, Thomas. (2008). The End of the West? Conclusions. In: Anderson, Jeffrey, Ikenberry, John, Risse, Thomas The end of the West?: Crisis and Change in the Atlantic Order (263-298). Ithaca, N.Y: Cornell University Press.
Risse, Thomas (2003a). Es gibt keine Alternative! USA und EU müssen ihre Beziehungen neu justieren. Internationale Politik, 58 (6), 9-18.
Risse, Thomas (2003b). Konstruktivismus, Rationalismus und Theorien Internationaler Beziehungen – warum empirisch nichts so heiß gegessen wird, wie es theoretisch gekocht wurde. In: Hellmann, Gunther, Wolf, Klaus, Zürn, Michael, Die neuen Internationalen Beziehungen, Forschungsstand und Perspektiven in Deutschland (99-132). Baden-Baden: Nomos.
Risse, Thomas, Jetschke, Anja, Schmitz, Hans Peter (2002). Die Macht der Menschenrechte. Internationale Normen, kommunikatives Handeln und politischer Wandel in den Ländern des Südens. Baden-Baden: Nomos.
Risse, Thomas, Sikkink, Kathryn. (1999). The Socialization of International Human Rights Norms into Domestic Practices. Introdcution. In: Risse, Thomas, Sikkink, Kathryn, Ropp, Stephen C., The Power of Human Rights: International Norms and Domestic Change (1-38). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Robyn, Dorothy, Reitzes, James, Moselle, Boaz. (2005). Beyond Open Skies: The Economic Impact of a U.S.-EU Open Aviation Area. In: Hamilton, Daniel S., Quinlan, Joseph P., Deep Integration: How Transatlantic Markets are Leading Globalization (50-73). Washington, DC & Brussels: Center for Transatlantic Relations and Center for European Policy Studies.
Rosen, Steven J. (2008, November 16). Did Iran Offer a 'Grand Bargain' in 2003? American Thinker, http://www.americanthinker.com/2008/11/did_iran_offer_a_grand_bargain.html (22.01.2014).
Rubin, Michael. (2007, October 22). The Guldimann Memorandum. The Iranian "Roadmap" wasn't a Roadmap and wasn't Iranian. Weekly Standard (online Ausgabe), http://www.weeklystandard.com/Content/Public/Articles/000/000/014/225enxax.asp (06.12.2013).
Rudolf, Peter (2008). Amerikas neuer globaler Führungsanspruch: Außenpolitik unter Barack Obama, SWP- aktuell (77). Berlin: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik.
Sadan, Elisheva. (2004). Chapter 1: Theories of Power. In: Empowerment and Community Planning: Theory and Practice (e-book) (33-71).
Salama, Sammy, Salch, Elizabeth (2006, June 02). Iran's Nuclear Impasse: Give Negotiations a Chance, CNS Research Story. Monterrey, CA: James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies. Monterrey Institute of International Studies.
Samuelsohn, Darren. (2009, February 25). Climate Bill Needed to 'Save our Planet', Says Obama. The New York Times (online edition), http://www.nytimes.com/cwire/2009/02/25/25climatewire-emissions-bill-needed-to-save-our-planet--oba-9849.html?pagewanted=all (06.12.2013).
Schimmelfennig, Frank. (2001). The Community Trap: Liberal Norms, Rhetorical Action, and the Eastern Enlargement of the European Union. International Organization, 55 (1), 47-80. https://doi.org/10.1162/002081801551414
Schimmelfennig, Frank. (2004). Theorie, Unveröffentliches Manuskript In: Schimmelfennig, Frank, Daase, Christopher, Cedermann, Lars-Erik, Hellmann, Gunther, Mayer, Peter, Ohne Titel (Sammelband zu Forschungsdesign, Methoden und IB, in Vorbereitung).
Schimmelfennig, Frank. (2006). Prozessanalyse. In: Behnke, Joachim, Gschwend, Thomas, Schindler, Delia, Schnapp, Kai- Uwe, Methoden der Politikwissenschaft (263-272). Baden-Baden: Nomos.
Schmidt, Brian. (2005). Competing Realist Conceptions of Power. Journal of International Studies, 33 (3), 523-550. https://doi.org/10.1177/03058298050330031401
Schmidt, Peter (2006). Die weltpolitischen Herausforderungen für die Europäische Union und die Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika: Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede. In: Müller-Graff, Peter-Christian, Die Rolle der erweiterten Europäischen Union in der Welt (256-285). Baden-Baden: Nomos.
Schmiese, Wulf. (2008, 28. September). Berlin: Amerika muss Blockadehaltung beenden Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (online Ausgabe), http://www.faz.net/aktuell/politik/ausland/klimapolitik-berlin-amerika-muss-blockadehaltung-beenden-1696285.html (14.12.2013).
Schreurs, Miranda A., Tiberghien, Yves. (2007). Multi-Level Reinforcement: Explaining EU Leadership in Climate Change Mitigation. Global Environmental Politics, 7 (4), 19-46. https://doi.org/10.1162/glep.2007.7.4.19
Schunz, Simon. (2011, Januar). Beyond Leadership by Example: Towards a Flexible European Union Foreign Climate Policy, SWP Working Papers FG 8 (1). Berlin: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik.
Sciolino, Elaine (2004, November 30). Board Accepts Nuclear Vow by Iranians. The New York Times (online edition), http://www.nytimes.com/2004/11/30/international/middleeast/30iran.html?_r=2&ref=elainesciolino (28.12.2013).
Senate Hearing. (2007, March 26). EU Emissions. Roundtable before the Commitee on Energy and Natural Resources. United States Senate. 110th Congress. 110-72: US Government Printing Office.
Senate of the United States. (2001, November 14). Senate Bill 1716 to Speed National Action to Address Global Climate Change, and for Other Purposes. 107th Congress. S.1716: US Government Printing Office.
Senate of the United States. (2005, December 20). Climate Negotiations in Montreal. Congressional Record 109th Congress (2005-2006): The Library of Congress THOMAS.
Senate of the United States. (2006, November 15). Resolution Expressing the Sense of the Senate Regarding the Need for the United States to Address Global Climate Change Through the Negotiation of Fair and Effective International Commitments. 109th Congress. S.Res.312: Government Printing Office.
Shane, Jeffrey. (1988). Challenges in International Civil Aviation Negotiations, Public Information Series. Washington, DC: US Department of State.
Shane, Jeffrey. (2005a, December 08). Air Transport Liberalization: Ideal and Ordeal. Second Annual Assad Kotaite lecture, Royal Aeronautical Society, Montreal, Canada: US Department of Transportation. Office of Public Affairs.
Shane, Jeffrey. (2011, April 13). EU Forum on Transatlantic Aviation Competitiveness. Panel: Globalising the Air Transport Industry, Washington, DC.
Shane, Jeffrey (2005b, November 08). Aviation Deregulation: A Work in Progress, Speech at the International Aviation Club, Washington, DC: US Department of Transportation Office of Public Affairs.
Sicurelli, Daniela, Scheipers, Sibylle. (2007). Normative Power Europe: A Credible. Utopia? Journal of Common Market Studies, 45 (2), 435-457.
Sjursen, Helene. (2006). What Kind of Power? Journal of European Public Policy, 13 (2), 169-181. https://doi.org/10.1080/13501760500451584
Smith, Julianne, Mix, Derek (2007/2008). The Transatlantic Climate Change Challenge. The Washington Quarterly, 31 (1), 139-154. https://doi.org/10.1162/wash.2007.31.1.139
Smith, Karen E. (2000). The End of Civilian Power EU: a Wellcome Demise or Cause for Concern. International Spectator, 35 (2), 11-28. https://doi.org/10.1080/03932720008458123
Smith, Michael. (2011). The European Union, the United States and Global Public Goods: Competing Models or two Sides of the Same Coin? In: Whitman, David, Normative Power Europe. Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives (127-141). Basingstoke & New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.
Solana, Javier. (2005, 22. Februar). Bush-Besuch: Eine funktionierende Partnerschaft Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (online edition), http://www.faz.net/aktuell/politik/bush-besuch-eine-funktionierende-partnerschaft-1214304.html (28.12.2013).
Solana, Javier. (2006, May 31). Statement by Javier Solana, EU High Representative for the CFSP, after the US Announcement Regarding the Negotiations with Iran, (S142/06), Brussels: Council of the European Union. http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_data/docs/pressdata/en/declarations/89802.pdf (11.12.2013).
Spiegel Online. (2007, 14. Mai). Klimaschutz Bush will Ausstoß von Treibhausgasen regulieren. Spiegel online, http://www.spiegel.de/wissenschaft/natur/klimaschutz-bush-will-ausstoss-von-treibhausgasen-regulieren-a-482904.html (23.11.2012).
Spiegel Online. (2013, 04. November). Studie zur NSA-Affäre: Viele US-Bürger missbilligen Spionage gegen verbündete Staatschefs. Spegel online, http://www.spiegel.de/politik/ausland/spaehskandal-viele-us-buerger-missbilligen-abhoeren-von-staatschefs-a-931762.html (20.11.2013).
Steinmeier, Frank-Walter. (2007a, 31. August). Rede von Außenminister Frank-Walter Steinmeier zum Thema "Energie, Klima, Sicherheit - eine neue transatlantische Agenda für das 21. Jahrhundert", San Francisco, CA: Auswärtiges Amt. http://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/diplo/de/Infoservice/Presse/Reden/2007/070830-steinmeier-san-francisco.html (10.09.2013).
Steinmeier, Frank-Walter. (2007b, 28. November). Rede von Bundesaußenminister Steinmeier anlässlich der Podiumsveranstaltung der Unternehmerinitiative 2-Grad, Berlin: Auswärtiges Amt. http://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/DE/Infoservice/Presse/Reden/2007/071129-rede-steinmeier-2-Grad.html%20 (12.09.2013).
Strange, Susan. (1988). States and Markets. London: Routledge.
Strange, Susan. (1996). The Retreat of the State: The Diffusion of Power in the World Economy (Vol. 49). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511559143
Straw, Jack. (2006, January 30). Statement Following Iran Meeting. S032/06: Council of the European Union, www.consilium.europa.eu (24.01.2014).
Stuchtey, Tim, Verclas, Kirsten. (2008). Climate and Energy Policies in the United States and Germany: Lessons for the Future, Issue Brief (29). Washington, DC: American Institute for Contemporary German Studies.
Süddeutsche.de. (2004, 28. November). Streit um Irans Atomprogramm "Dann müssen wir andere Saiten aufziehen". Süddeutsche Zeitung (online Ausgabe), http://www.sueddeutsche.de/politik/streit-um-irans-atomprogramm-dann-muessen-wir-andere-saiten-aufziehen-1.914812 (28.12.2013).
Süddeutsche.de. (2005, 12. August). IAEA-Resolution. Lob von Bush. Süddeutsche Zeitung (online Ausgabe), http://www.sueddeutsche.de/politik/iaea-resolution-lob-von-bush-1.636787 (28.12.2013).
Tagesschau.de. (2009, November 18). U.N. Klimabericht (Teil 1). Vorhersagen über das künftige Klima. http://www.tagesschau.de/ausland/ipcc102.html (22.11.2013).
Teheran Statement. (2003, October 23). Statement by the Iranian Government and Visiting EU Foreign Ministers: IAEA, www.iaea.org (24.01.2014).
The California Air Resources Board. (2008, December). Climate Change Scoping Plan Appendices Volume 1. Supporting Documents and Measure Detail, a Framework for Change, December 2008, Persuant to AB 32, The California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006: California Environmental Protection Agency, Air Resources Board.
The Climate Group. (2007, July 31). The Climate Group co-Convenes Leadership Roundtable for Florida Governor's Climate Summit. http://www.theclimategroup.org/what-we-do/news-and-blogs/The-Climate-Group-Co-convenes-Leadership-Roundtable-for-Florida-Governors-Climate-Summit/ (21.11.2013).
The White House. (2002, February 14). President Announces Clear Skies & Global Climate Change Initiatives, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland: The White House, Office of the Press Secretary. http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2002/02/20020214-5.html (12.12.2013).
The White House. (2004, December 20). President George W. Bush´s Remarks on Regime Change in Iran: Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control. http://www.iranwatch.org/government/US/WH/us-wh-bush-pressconference-122004.htm (11.10.2013).
The White House. (2006, May 24). Briefing with Tony Snow. White House Secretary: Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control. http://www.iranwatch.org/government/US/WH/us-wh-press-snow-direct-talks-052406.htm (09.11.2013).
The White House. (2007, September 27). Fact Sheet: Major Economies Meeting on Energy Security and Climate Change. U.S. Takes the Lead to Forge Consensus on Energy Security and Climate Change. http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2007/09/20070927.html (22.01.2013).
Thiel, Elke. (2005). Euro und Dollar: Partnerschaft auf Augenhöhe. In: Jäger, Thomas, Höse, Alexander, Oppermann, Kai, Transatlantische Beziehungen: Sicherheit - Wirtschaft - Öffentlichkeit (187-201). Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.
Tocci, Nathalie. (2007). Profiling Normative Foreign Policy: The European Union and Its Global Partners. CEPS Working Document, 279. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1337974
Townsend, Mark. (2005, June 19). New US Move to Spoil Climate Accoord. The Observer (online edition), http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2005/jun/19/greenpolitics.environment1 (28.12.2013).
Townsend, Mark, Harris, Paul. (2004). Now the Pentagon Tells Bush: Climate Change will Destroy us. The Observer (online edition), http://jlmiller.us/articles/Pentagon_climate_The%20Observer.pdf (28.12.2013).
Toyako Summit Declaration. (2008). G8 Hokkaido Toyako Summit Leaders Declaration. http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/economy/summit/2008/doc/doc080714__en.html (27.01.2014).
Trankovits, Laszlo (2008, 8. Juli). Bush-Berater guter Laune. Gelächter bei US-Journalisten, http://www.n-tv.de/politik/dossier/Gelaechter-bei-US-Journalisten-article347330.html (22.04.2013).
Traynor, Ian. (2004, March 11). UN Atomic Energy Agency Puts Heat on Iran. Angry Tehran to Resume Uranium Enrichment as Washington Wins More Allies Against 'Secret Bomb' Programme. The Guardian (online edition), http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2004/mar/11/iran.usa (28.12.2013).
Twitchett, Kenneth (1976). Europe and the World - The External Relations of the Common Market London: Europa. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5965.1976.tb00768.x
UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office. (2003, June 17). 'Iran and Europe'. Interview with Jack Straw. UK Foreign Secretary, BBC Radio 4 (Today Programme): UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office Website, Published by The Acronym Institute. http://www.acronym.org.uk/docs/0306/doc15.htm (12.11.2013).
UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office. (2004, November 04). 'Use of Force Against Iran'. Interview with Jack Straw. U.K.Foreign Secretary: Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control. http://www.iranwatch.org/government/UK/uk-fco-straw-bbc-milstrike-110404.htm (07.04.2013).
UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office. (2006a, March 31). Interview on Iran with U.K. Foreign Secretary Jack Straw on BBC News World Service Persia: Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control. http://www.iranwatch.org/government/UK/uk-fco-straw-interview-bbc-iran-033106.htm (09.10.2013).
UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office. (2006b, April 09). Interview with U.K. Foreign Secretary Jack Straw on BBC1: Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control. http://www.iranwatch.org/government/UK/uk-fco-straw-interview-bbc-040906.htm (03.07.2013).
Umweltbundesamt. (2012). Emissionsmindernde Anforderungen im Verkehr: Umweltbundesamt Dessau-Roßlau. http://www.umweltbundesamt-daten-zur-umwelt.de/umweltdaten/public/theme.do?nodeIdent=2363 (21.12.2013).
UN Conference on Environment and Development. (1992). United Nations Department of Public Information: United Nations Official Webpage, Revised 23 May 1997. http://www.un.org/geninfo/bp/envirp2.html (11.12.2013).
Underdal, Arild. (1994). Leadership Theory: Rediscovering the Arts of Management In: Zartman, William, International Multilateral Negotiation: Approaches to the Management of Complexity (Vol. 178-197). San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass.
UNFCCC. (1992, 09. Mai). Rahmenübereinkommen der Vereinten Nationen über Klimaänderungen. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Official Webpage www.unfccc.int (20.01.2014).
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1696. (2006a, July 31). Security Council Demands Iran Suspend Uranium Enrichment by 31 August, or Face Possible Economic, Diplomatic Sanctions. United Nations Security Council, SC/8792: UNSC Department of Public Information.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1696. (2006b, July 31). Security Council demands Iran to Suspend Uranium Enrichment by 31 August, or Face Possible Economic, Diplomatic Sanctions. 5500th Meeting (AM). SC/8792). United Nations Official Webpage: UNSC Department of Public Information.
US Code of Federal Regulations. (1982, November 01). Code of Federal Regulations: Department of Transportation. Procedures Governing Informal Rulemaking Proceedings. Title 49 - Transportation: Justitia.com US law (20.01.2014).
US Global Change Research Program. (2002). Global Climate Change Policy Book. Details of US initiative announced 14 February 2002. US Climate Change Science Program / US Global Change Research Program. http://www.usgcrp.gov/usgcrp/Library/gcinitiative2002/gccstorybook.htm (26.11.2013).
US Government. (2002, December 11). National Strategy to Combat Weapons of Mass Destruction: The U.S. Government´s Official Web Portal www.state.gov (20.01.2014).
Van Sherpenberg, Jens. (2002). Transatlantische Asymmetrien. In: Meier-Walser, Reinhard C., Luther, Susanne Europa und die USA - Transatlantische Beziehungen im Spannungsfeld von Regionalisierung und Globalisierung. München: Olzog.
Varner, Bill. (2006, November 30). UN Sanctions on Iran Scaled Back, European Envoy Says. bloomberg.com, http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=acNYE8FcviQg (25.03.2012).
Vogler, John. (2005). The European Contribution to Global Environmental Governance. International Affairs, 81 (4), 835–850. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2346.2005.00487.x
von Goethe, Johann Wolfgang (1987). Nachlese 1800-1832 / Zahme Xenien IX , Den Vereinigten Staaten In: Eibl, Karl, Johann Wolfgang Goethe. Sämtliche Werke, Briefe, Tagebücher und Gespräche (Vol. 2). Berlin: Deutscher Klassiker-Verlag.
Vorholz, Fritz. (2000, 30. November). Der Klima-Schock. Auch nach Den Haag bleibt Hoffnung Die Zeit (online Ausgabe), http://www.zeit.de/2000/49/200049_argument.xml und http://www.zeit.de/2000/49/Der_Klima-Schock (28.12.2013).
Wagner, Wolfgang. (1977). das Amerikabild der Europäer. In: Kaiser, Karl, Schwaz, Hans- Peter, Amerika und Westeuropa. Gegenwart- und Zukunftsprobleme (17-28). Stuttgart: Belser Verlag.
Wagner, Wolfgang, Dembinski, Matthias. (2003). Europäische Kollateralschäden. Zur Zukunft der Europäischen Außen-, Sicherheits- und Verteidigungspolitik nach dem Irak-Krieg. Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte (APUZ), B31-32, 31-38.
Waldmann, Jörg. (2007). Nie mehr low politics- oder die EU auf dem Weg zum führenden Akteur der internationalen Umweltopolitik. In: Erhart, Hans- Georg, Jaberg, Sabine, Rinke, Bernhard, Waldmann, Jörg, Die Europäische Union im 21. Jahrhundert. Theorie und Praxis europäischer Außen- Sicherheit- und Friedenspolitik (251-269). Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialsiwssenschaften.
Wallström, Margot. (2008, October 02). Public Diplomacy and its Role in the EU's External Relations (SPEECH/08/494), Mortara Center for International Studies, Georgetown University, Washington, DC: European Union Press Releases. http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_SPEECH-08-494_en.htm (19.04.2014).
Weber, Max. (1980). Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft (5. rev. Aufl.). Tübingen: Mohr.
Weisman, Steven (2006, May 25). U.S. Rejects Direct Talks with Iran but Keeps Meeting with Europe, China and Russia. The New York Times (online Ausgabe), http://www.nytimes.com/2006/05/25/world/middleeast/25iran.html (28.12.2013).
Wessels, Wolfgang. (2008). Das politische System der Europäischen Union. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-531-91007-9
White House Press Release. (2007, May 14). President Bush Discusses Cafe and Alternative Fuel Standards, Rose Garden, White House, Washington, DC: The White House, Office of the Press Secretary. http://2001-2009.state.gov/r/pa/ei/wh/rem/84841.htm (22.11.2013).
Whitman, David. (2004). Partly Sunny. Why Enviros can't Admit that Bush's Clear Skies Initiative isn't Half Bad. Washington Monthly (Dezember).
Whitman, Richard G. (2011). Normative Power Europe. Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives. Basingstoke, New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230305601
Whitney, Craig. (1991, January 25). War in the Gulf: Europe; Gulf Fighting Shatters Europeans´ Fragile Unity. The New York Times (online Ausgabe), http://www.nytimes.com/1991/01/25/world/war-in-the-gulf-europe-gulf-fighting-shatters-europeans-fragile-unity.html?pagewanted=print (28.12.2013).
WIMS. (2007, May 15). President Calls For Regulations & Coordination for 20-in-10 Plan. Waste Information & Management Services, http://enewsusa.blogspot.de/2007/05/president-calls-for-regulations.html (03.12.2013).
Winkler, Birgit. (2008). They Should be Taught How to "Think" and "Do". Magisterarbeit, Universität Wien, Wien: http://othes.univie.ac.at (23.01.2014).
Wolf, John S. (2002). WMD Weapons of Mass Destruction. The New Strategic Framweork: U.S. Approaches to Nonproliferation. U.S. Foreign Policy Agenda. An Electronic Journal of the U.S. Department of State, 7 (2).
Wolfsthal, John B. (2008, July). Iran’s Nuclear Ambitions and American Security, Key Supported Analysis, Commissioned Papers. Washington, D.C: American Foreign Policy Project.
Woll, Cornelia. (2003). Transatlantic Relations as a Catalyst to European Integration: The Activism of the European Commission in the Case of International Aviation, AICGS/DAAD Working Paper Series. Washington, DC: American Institute for Contemporary German Studies.
Wright, Robin (2005, February 28). Bush Weighs Joining Europe in Offering Incentives to Iran. The Washington Post (online Ausgabe), http://dailyuw.com/news/2005/feb/28/bush-weighs-joining-europe-in-offering-incentives/ (28.12.2013).
Wytkind, Edward. (2006, Feburary 08 ). On the U.S - E.U. Open Skies Agreement and the "Actual Control” of U.S. Air Carriers Notice of Proposed Rulemaking House Aviation Subcommittee, Washington, DC: Transportation Trades Department Afl-CIO. http://www.ttd.org/index.asp?Type=B_PR&SEC={FE499024-840E-4E38-9D1C-24763E4DA89A}&DE={2A7AA81B-707E-44B0-B8BF-F2ACA1103AF9 (13.2.2013).
Young, Oran J. (1991). Political Leadership and Regime Formation: On the Development of Institutions in International Society. International Organization, 45 (3), 281-308. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0020818300033117
Youngs, Richard (2004). Normative Dynamics and Strategic Interests in the EU´s External Identity. Journal of Common Market Studies 45 (2), 415-435. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5965.2004.00494.x
Zaborovski, Marcin. (2006). Friends Reunited? Recalibrating Transatlantic Relations in the 21st Century. In: Zaborovski, Marcin Friends again? EU- US Relations after the Crisis (213-226). Paris: European Union Institute for Security Studies.
ZDF-Morgenmagazin. (2006, June 14). ZDF-Morgenmagazin Television Interview with Federal Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier. German Foreign Ministry. ZDF-Morgenmagazin cited by Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control, http://www.iranwatch.org/government/Germany/germany-mfa-steinmeier-zdf-061306.htm (03.12.2013).
Zeit Online. (2013, 02. Februar). Biden fordert Assad zum Abdanken auf. Die Zeit (online Ausgabe), http://www.zeit.de/politik/ausland/2013-02/biden-sicherheitskonferenz-muenchen (28.12.2013).
Zürn, Michael, Binder, Martin. (2007). Dekonstruktion oder Rekonstruktion der transatlantischen Sicherheitsbeziehungen? Bedingungen erfolgreicher Kooperation. In: Hasenclever, Andreas, Wolf, Klaus- Dieter, Zürn, Michael, Macht und Ohnmacht internationaler Institutionen (38-61). Frankfurt a.M.: Campus.

Zusammenfassung

Gibt es eine Einflussnahme der EU auf die US-Politik? Mit dieser Fragestellung rückt die Autorin die transatlantischen Beziehungen in eine grundlegend neue Perspektive. Für die beiden Amtszeiten von George W. Bush zeichnet sie anhand einer präzisen Analyse nach, auf welchen Wegen Einflussnahme der EU auf die US-Politik in den drei brisanten Politikbereichen Wirtschaft, Sicherheit und Klima erfolgt. Neben der Durchsetzung von EU-Argumentation ist rhetorischer Druckaufbau und das Agieren in internationalen Organisationen entscheidend, um eigene Normen in den USA zu verankern. Das Ergebnis zeigt, dass sich das weit verbreitete Ohnmachtsgefühl der EU gegenüber den USA in der von transatlantischen Differenzen geprägten Bush-Amtszeit nicht halten lässt und legt nahe, dass dies ebenso wenig für die Amtszeit von Obama gelten kann.

Dieses Buch bewertet die transatlantischen Beziehungen neu und trägt der Wirkung von ‚normative power Europe‘ Rechnung.