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Gaby Umbach, Annex in:

Gaby Umbach

Intent and Reality of the European Employment Strategy, page 444 - 448

Europeanisation of National Employment Policies and Policy-Making?

1. Edition 2009, ISBN print: 978-3-8329-4128-4, ISBN online: 978-3-8452-1247-0 https://doi.org/10.5771/9783845212470

Series: Studies on the European Union, vol. 1

Bibliographic information
444 7. Annex Table 51: European Employment/Integrated Guidelines 1998 to 2005 Year Pillar Employment Guidelines (EGs) E m pl oy ab ili ty 1/2 ‘Tackling youth unemployment and preventing long-term unemployment’ 3 ‘Increasing activation’ 4/5 ‘Encouraging a partnership approach to employability and promoting lifelong learning’ 6/7 ‘Facilitating the transition from school to work’ E nt re pr en eu rsh ip 8 ‘Reducing administrative formalities and overhead costs’ 9 ‘Encouraging self employment and SMEs start-ups’ 10 ‘To promote job creation in the social economy and at local level’ 11 ‘Reducing taxation and the fiscal pressure on labour’ 12 ‘To examine ways of reducing VAT in some labour-intensive sectors’ A da pt abi lit y 13 ‘Modernisation of work’ 14 ‘Incorporating more adaptable types of contract’ 15 ‘Development of in-house training and investment in human resources’ 1998 E qu al O pp or tu ni ti es 16 ‘Tackling gender gaps in employment and unemployment’ 17 ‘Reconciling work and family life’ 18 ‘Facilitating reintegration into the labour market’ 19 ‘Promoting the integration of people with disabilities into working life’ E m pl oy ab ili ty 1/2 ‘Tackling youth unemployment and preventing long-term unemployment’ 3 ‘Increasing activation’ 4 ‘Reviewing tax and benefit systems’ 5/6 ‘Encouraging a partnership approach to employability and promoting lifelong learning’ 7 ‘Reducing early school leaving’ 8 ‘Equipping young people with better skills’ 9 ‘Promoting a labour market open to all’ 1999 E nt re pr ene ur sh ip 10 ‘Reducing administrative formalities and overhead costs’ 11 ‘Encouraging self employment and SMEs start-ups’ 12 ‘To promote job creation in the social economy and at local level’ 13 ‘Exploiting new opportunities for job creation in services and industry-related services’ 14 ‘Reducing taxation and the fiscal pressure on labour’ 15 ‘To examine ways of reducing VAT in some labour-intensive sectors’ Annex 445 Year Pillar Employment Guidelines (EGs) A da pt ab ili ty 16 ‘Modernising work organisation’ 17 ‘Incorporating more adaptable types of contract’ 18 ‘Supporting adaptability through in-company training’ E qu al O pp or tu ni ti es 19 ‘Adopting a gender mainstreaming approach’ 20 ‘Tackling gender gaps and segregation of the labour market’ 21 ‘Reconciling work and family life’ 22 ‘Facilitating reintegration in the labour market’ E m pl oy ab ili ty 1/2 ‘Tackling youth unemployment and preventing long-term unemployment’ 3 ‘Increasing activation’ 4 ‘Reviewing tax and benefit systems’ 5/6 ‘Encouraging a partnership approach to employability and promoting lifelong learning’ 7 ‘Reducing early school leaving’ 8 ‘Equipping young people with better skills’ 9 ‘Promoting a labour market open to all’ E nt re pr en eu rs hi p 10 ‘Reducing administrative formalities and overhead costs’ 11 ‘Encouraging self employment and SMEs start-ups’ 12 ‘To promote job creation in the social economy and at local level’ 13 ‘Exploiting new opportunities for job creation in services and industry-related services’ 14 ‘Reducing taxation and the fiscal pressure on labour’ A da pt ab ili ty 15 ‘Modernising work organisation’ 16 ‘Incorporating more adaptable types of contract’ 17 ‘Supporting adaptability through in-company training’ 2000 E qu al O pp or tu ni ti es 18 ‘Adopting a gender mainstreaming approach’ 19 ‘Tackling gender gaps and segregation of the labour market’ 20 ‘Reconciling work and family life’ 21 ‘Facilitating reintegration in the labour market’ Annex 446 Year Pillar Employment Guidelines (EGs) H or iz on ta l O bj ec ti ve s A ‘Enhancing job opportunities and providing adequate incentives for all those willing to take up gainful employment’ B ‘Development of comprehensive and coherent strategies for lifelong learning’ C ‘Development of a comprehensive partnership with the social partners for the implementation, monitoring and follow-up of the EES’ D ‘Paying due attention to all the four pillars and the horizontal objectives by setting their priorities in a balanced manner in the course of the implementation of the EES’ E ‘Strengthening of development of common indicators to evaluate adequately progress under all four pillars and to underpin the setting of benchmarks and the identification of good practice’ E m pl oy ab ili ty 1 ‘Tackling youth unemployment and preventing long-term unemployment’ 2 ‘A more employment-friendly approach: benefits, taxes and training systems’ 3 ‘Development of a active ageing policy’ 4 ‘Improvement of the quality of education and training systems’ 5 ‘Development of e-learning opportunities for all citizens’ 6 ‘Active policies to develop job matching and prevention of bottlenecks’ 7 ‘Combat discrimination and promotion of social inclusion regarding access to employment’ E nt re pr en eu rs hi p 8 ‘Reducing administrative formalities and overhead costs’ 9 ‘Encouraging self employment, business start-ups and entrepreneurial activities’ 10 ‘New opportunities for job creation in the knowledge-based society and in services’ 11 ‘Regional and local action for employment’ 12 ‘Tax reforms for employment and training’ A da pt ab ili ty 13/14 ‘Modernisation of work organisation and lifelong learning’ 15 ‘Supporting adaptability in enterprises as a component of lifelong learning’ 2001 E qu al O pp or tu ni ti es 16 ‘Gender mainstreaming approach’ 17 ‘Tackling gender gaps and segregation of the labour market’ 18 ‘Reconciling work and family life’ Annex 447 Year Pillar Employment Guidelines (EGs) H or iz on ta l O bj ec ti ve s A ‘Enhancing job opportunities and providing adequate incentives for all those willing to take up gainful employment’ B ‘Assurance that policies across the four pillars contribute to maintaining and improving quality in work’ C ‘Development of comprehensive and coherent strategies for lifelong learning’ D ‘Development of a comprehensive partnership with the social partners for the implementation, monitoring and follow-up of the EES’ E ‘Paying due attention to all the four pillars and the horizontal objectives by setting their priorities in a balanced manner in the course of the implementation of the EES’ F ‘Strengthening of development of common indicators, including quality in work, to evaluate adequately progress under all four pillars and to underpin the setting of benchmarks and the identification of good practice’ E m pl oy ab ili ty 1 ‘Tackling youth unemployment and preventing long-term unemployment’ 2 ‘A more employment-friendly approach: benefits, taxes and training systems’ 3 ‘Development of a active ageing policy’ 4 ‘Improvement of the quality of education and training systems’ 5 ‘Development of e-learning opportunities for all citizens’ 6 ‘Active policies to develop job matching and prevention of bottlenecks in the new European labour market’ 7 ‘Combat discrimination and promotion of social inclusion regarding access to employment’ E nt re pr en eu rs hi p 8 ‘Reducing administrative formalities and overhead costs’ 9 ‘Encouraging self employment, business start-ups and entrepreneurial activities’ 10 ‘New opportunities for job creation in the knowledge-based society and in services’ 11 ‘Regional and local action for employment’ 12 ‘Tax reforms for employment and training’ A da pt ab ili ty 13/14 ‘Modernisation of work organisation and lifelong learning’ 15 ‘Supporting adaptability in enterprises as a component of lifelong learning’ 2002 E qu al O pp or tu ni ti es 16 ‘Gender mainstreaming approach’ 17 ‘Tackling gender gaps and segregation of the labour market’ 18 ‘Reconciling work and family life’ Annex 448 Year Employment Guidelines (EGs) 2003 1 ‘Active and preventive measures for the unemployed and inactive’ 2 ‘Job creation and entrepreneurship’ 3 ‘Address change and promote adaptability and mobility in the labour market’ 4 ‘Promote development of human capital and lifelong learning’ 5 ‘Increase labour supply and promote active ageing’ 6 ‘Gender equality’ 7 ‘Promote the integration of and combat the discrimination against people at a disadvantage in the labour market’ 8 ‘Make work pay through incentives to enhance work attractiveness’ 9 ‘Transform undeclared work into regular employment’ 10 ‘Address regional employment disparities’ 2004 1 ‘Active and preventive measures for the unemployed and inactive’ 2 ‘Job creation and entrepreneurship’ 3 ‘Address change and promote adaptability and mobility in the labour market’ 4 ‘Promote development of human capital and lifelong learning’ 5 ‘Increase labour supply and promote active ageing’ 6 ‘Gender equality’ 7 ‘Promote the integration of and combat the discrimination against people at a disadvantage in the labour market’ 8 ‘Make work pay through incentives to enhance work attractiveness’ 9 ‘Transform undeclared work into regular employment’ 10 ‘Address regional employment disparities’ Integrated Guidelines (IGs) 2005 17 ‘Implementation of employment policies to achieve full employment, improving quality and productivity at work, strengthening social and territorial cohesion’ 18 ‘Promotion of a lifecycle approach to work’ 19 ‘Inclusive labour markets for job-seekers and disadvantaged people’ 20 ‘Improvement of matching labour market needs’ 21 ‘Promotion of flexibility combined with employment security and reduction of labour market segmentation’ 22 ‘Guarantee of employment-friendly wage and other labour cost developments’ 23 ‘Expansion and improvement of investment in human capital’ 24 ‘Adaptation of education and training systems in response to new competence requirements’ Source: Own compilation based on Council of the EU 1997b, 1999b, 2000d, 2001b, 2002c, 2003c, 2004a, 2005d.

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Zusammenfassung

Mit ihren spezifischen Merkmalen als neues Politikinstrument – wie etwa ihrem rechtlich nicht bindenden Charakter, dem Ziel des gegenseitigen Politiklernens durch Austausch bester Praktiken oder gemeinsamen Evaluierungsprozessen – stellt die Europäische Beschäftigungsstrategie (EBS) und die mit ihr Anwendung findende Offene Methode der Koordinierung (OMK) beschäftigungspolitische Akteure in der EU vor die neuen Herausforderungen von Politik-Koordinierung, die die Politikgestaltung im europäischen Mehrebenensystem neu prägen.

Das vorliegende Buch beschäftigt sich intensiv mit diesen unterschiedlichen Facetten der EBS und ihrer Wirkung. Es geht dabei über bisherige Einzelstudien zur EBS hinaus und befasst sich nicht nur mit deren Entstehung, Entwicklung und Merkmalen. Es kontrastiert vielmehr den eigenen Anspruch der EBS mit ihrer politischen Realität und untersucht theoretisch hoch reflektiert deren Einfluss auf Politik-Koordinierungsstrukturen, Beschäftigungspolitiken und zugrunde liegenden Ideen sowie deren Zusammenspiel mit anderen wirtschaftspolitischen Bereichen. Neben der EU-Ebene dienen Großbritannien und Deutschland als Fallbeispiele für mitgliedstaatliche Anpassungsprozesse. Das Buch verankert seine Wirkungsanalyse sehr fundiert in der wissenschaftstheoretischen Debatte um Europäisierung und Politikkonvergenz, um deren Anwendbarkeit im Falle der EBS kritisch zu analysieren. Es komplettiert damit Europäisierungsstudien zu regulativer Politik durch die Analyse des Einflusses weicher Politik-Koordinierung im europäischen Mehrebenensystem.