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Gaby Umbach, List of Graphs and Tables in:

Gaby Umbach

Intent and Reality of the European Employment Strategy, page 15 - 18

Europeanisation of National Employment Policies and Policy-Making?

1. Edition 2009, ISBN print: 978-3-8329-4128-4, ISBN online: 978-3-8452-1247-0 https://doi.org/10.5771/9783845212470

Series: Studies on the European Union, vol. 1

Bibliographic information
15 List of Graphs and Tables Graph 1: Conceptual Design of the Theoretico-Empirical Frame of Reference 38 Graph 2: Bottom-up, Top-down, and Cross-loading Processes of Europeanisation 89 Graph 3: Categories of Europeanisation 93 Graph 4: Factors Facilitating Change 106 Graph 5: System of Political Responsibilities for a High Level of Employment 156 Graph 6: The Three Pillars of European Employment Pact 185 Graph 7: The EES’s Annual Policy Co-ordination Cycle (1997-2002) 192 Graph 8: The ‘Policy ID’ of the ‘Stand-Alone’ EES (1997-2002) 198 Graph 9: The 2003 New EES 208 Graph 10: The ‘Policy ID’ and Structure of the New EES (since 2003) 211 Graph 11: EU-Level EES-PCN – Core Actors and Areas of Interactions 266 Graph 12: The British Part of the EES-PCN 284 Graph 13: The German Part of the EES-PCN (until 2002) 302 Graph 14: The German Part of the EES-PCN (since 2002/03) 303 Graph 15: The EES-PCN and Its Interrelatedness with European Economic Policy Co-ordination 428 Table 1: General Dimensions of EMLG Policy Networks in First Pillar Policies 57 Table 2: Differences between OMC and European Soft Law 68 Table 3: Degree of Institutionalisation of Policy Co-ordination/OMC Processes 70 Table 4: Potential Impact of the OMC on (Institutional and) Policy Change 71 Table 5: Ideal Type of Policy Co-ordination through OMC 73 Table 6: Domains of Europeanisation 92 Table 7: Matrix of Categories and Domains of Europeanisation 95 Table 8: Means and Results of Policy Change 98 Table 9: Forms and Effects of Policy Transfer 99 Table 10: Causal/Facilitating Factors and Mechanisms of Policy Change and Convergence 100 Table 11: Types of Policy Convergence 102 Table 12: Mechanisms of Institutional Change 104 Table 13: Categories of Key Intervening Variables Explaining Europeanisation 110 Table 14: Veto Points and National Political Institutions Offering Resources 136 List of Graphs and Tables 16 Table 15: The Effect of OMC on the Anglo-Saxon and Continental Welfare State 138 Table 16: Key British Employment Policy Instruments during the 1980s 143 Table 17: Key British Labour Market and Employment Legislation during the 1980s and 1990s 144 Table 18: Key German Employment Policy Instruments during the 1980s 153 Table 19: Key German Labour Market and Employment Legislation during the 1980s and 1990s 155 Table 20: Indicators for Adaptation to the Institutional Logic of the EES 164 Table 21: Indicators for Europeanisation of National Employment Policies 167 Table 22: Co-ordination within the EES 204 Table 23: Country-Specific Messages to the UK and Germany 214 Table 24: Convergence and Europeanisation Potential of the EES 237 Table 25: European Employment Policy Co-ordination Cycle: Chronology of Core Actors’ Contributions 1997-2005 268 Table 26: Steering Group of the Alliance for Jobs 295 Table 27: Main British Socio-Economic and Employment Policies and Innovations introduced in 1997/98 313 Table 28: Main British Socio-economic and Employment Policies and Innovations introduced in 1999 319 Table 29: Main British Socio-economic and Employment Policies and Innovations introduced in 2000 324 Table 30: Main British Socio-economic and Employment Policies and Innovations introduced in 2001 330 Table 31: Main British Socio-economic and Employment Policies and Innovations introduced in 2002 337 Table 32: Main British Socio-economic and Employment Policies and Innovations introduced from 2003 to 2005 346 Table 33: Number of Main British Socio-Economic Policies adopted under the EES’s Pillars and Thematic Focal Points from 1997/98 to 2005 352 Table 34: Recommendations under the EES addressed to the UK from 2000 to 2004 353 Table 35: Main German Socio-Economic and Employment Policies and Innovations introduced in 1998 362 Table 36: Main German Socio-economic and Employment Policies and Innovations introduced in 1999 367 Table 37: Main German Socio-economic and Employment Policies and Innovations introduced in 2000 374 Table 38: Main German Socio-economic and Employment Policies and Innovations introduced in 2001 380 Table 39: Main German Socio-economic and Employment Policies and Innovations introduced in 2002 390 Table 40: Main German Socio-economic and Employment Policies and Innovations introduced from 2003 to 2005 401 List of Graphs and Tables 17 Table 41: Number of Main German Socio-Economic Policies adopted under the EES’s Pillars and Thematic Focal Points from 1997/98 to 2005 409 Table 42: Recommendations addressed to Germany under the EES from 2000 to 2004 411 Table 43: Activation of Domestic Veto Points under the EES 414 Table 44: Adaptation to the Institutional Logic of the EES within the UK and Germany 416 Table 45: Europeanisation of Employment Policy Co-ordination Structures in the UK and Germany 420 Table 46: General Dimensions of the EES-PCN 422 Table 47: Indicators for Europeanisation of National Employment Policies in the UK and Germany 430 Table 48: Number of Main Socio-Economic Policies Adopted in the UK and Germany under the EES’s Thematic Focus 433 Table 49: Main Examples for ?-Convergence in Terms of Functional Equivalence 434 Table 50: Europeanisation of Employment Policy-Making and Policies in the UK and Germany – The Final Picture and Result 437 Table 51: European Employment/Integrated Guidelines 1998 to 2005 444

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Zusammenfassung

Mit ihren spezifischen Merkmalen als neues Politikinstrument – wie etwa ihrem rechtlich nicht bindenden Charakter, dem Ziel des gegenseitigen Politiklernens durch Austausch bester Praktiken oder gemeinsamen Evaluierungsprozessen – stellt die Europäische Beschäftigungsstrategie (EBS) und die mit ihr Anwendung findende Offene Methode der Koordinierung (OMK) beschäftigungspolitische Akteure in der EU vor die neuen Herausforderungen von Politik-Koordinierung, die die Politikgestaltung im europäischen Mehrebenensystem neu prägen.

Das vorliegende Buch beschäftigt sich intensiv mit diesen unterschiedlichen Facetten der EBS und ihrer Wirkung. Es geht dabei über bisherige Einzelstudien zur EBS hinaus und befasst sich nicht nur mit deren Entstehung, Entwicklung und Merkmalen. Es kontrastiert vielmehr den eigenen Anspruch der EBS mit ihrer politischen Realität und untersucht theoretisch hoch reflektiert deren Einfluss auf Politik-Koordinierungsstrukturen, Beschäftigungspolitiken und zugrunde liegenden Ideen sowie deren Zusammenspiel mit anderen wirtschaftspolitischen Bereichen. Neben der EU-Ebene dienen Großbritannien und Deutschland als Fallbeispiele für mitgliedstaatliche Anpassungsprozesse. Das Buch verankert seine Wirkungsanalyse sehr fundiert in der wissenschaftstheoretischen Debatte um Europäisierung und Politikkonvergenz, um deren Anwendbarkeit im Falle der EBS kritisch zu analysieren. Es komplettiert damit Europäisierungsstudien zu regulativer Politik durch die Analyse des Einflusses weicher Politik-Koordinierung im europäischen Mehrebenensystem.