Levent Günes, Abstract in:

Levent Günes

Europäischer Ausweisungsschutz, page 29 - 30

1. Edition 2009, ISBN print: 978-3-8329-4003-4, ISBN online: 978-3-8452-1312-5

Bibliographic information
29 Abstract The immigration law, which was amended in 2007, is aimed at qualitative migration. Negative effects, especially inadequate education, unemployment and a reluctance to integrate, for example, are factors which the law is intended to counteract. Potential immigrants are given preference according to criteria such as education, financial standing and their ability to fill jobs. The idea behind obligatory integration courses is to help immigrants integrate and participate in social life. However, integration stops in the event of punishable offences being committed. The law then prescribes extradition and expulsion. These are legal consequences which can affect so-called de facto residents, EU citizens, Turks or other foreigners as well as new immigrants. Extradition or expulsion of foreigners who have committed criminal offences and were born in Germany or came to Germany when they were children regularly represents a »disproportionate, double punishment«. The background of this subjectively felt injustice is the circumstance that they regard Germany as their home but must nevertheless leave the country. Having »put down roots« in Germany offers only limited protection against expulsion or deportation according to national standards. Neither the provisos of the old aliens act nor the new immigration law and the amendment to the law in 2007 offered or offer extensive or absolute protection against expulsion for fully integrated migrants. If the socio-economic profile of the persons who are expelled is considered, it is apparent that, almost without exception, they belong to the »underclass«. Unemployment and a lack of prospects determine their life in Germany. In terms of residency law, this often leads to a very uncertain residency status. Whereas the national law on expulsion provides the persons affected with comparatively little protection against expulsion and often attaches little weight to their actual living circumstances compared to the emphasis placed on public safety and law and order, European law includes extended provisos that give protection against expulsion, especially for EU citizens and Turkish nationals with favoured status through association. The European regulations on expulsion – elaborated by the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg and the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg – give much greater consideration to the actual living circumstances of the affected persons such as long periods of residency or social and family ties in Germany. 30 The standard according to which the national law on extradition is applicable is primarily the severity of the punishment. In addition, the protection afforded by European law against expulsion requires intensive questions to be asked regarding the degree to which the person in question has »put down roots«. The consequence can be verified: due to the European regulations providing protection against expulsion and extradition, the number of EU citizens and Turkish nationals who are expelled or extradited from Germany is clearly decreasing. Whether this is politically »right« or »wrong« depends on the respective point of view.

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Für straffällige Ausländer, die in Deutschland geboren oder im Kindesalter eingereist sind, stellt sich eine Ausweisung regelmäßig als „Doppelbestrafung“ dar. Auch die Verwurzelung im Bundesgebiet schützt nach nationalen Maßstäben hiervor nur begrenzt. Betrachtet man das sozioökonomische Profil der Ausgewiesenen, so zeigt sich, dass diese fast ausnahmslos der sog. Unterschicht angehören. Bildungsarmut, Arbeits- und Perspektivlosigkeit sowie der damit einhergehende unsichere Aufenthaltsstatus bestimmen ihr Leben. Im Gegensatz zum bisherigen nationalen Ausländerrecht stellt der Europäische Ausweisungsschutz nun insbesondere für Unionsbürger und assoziationsbegünstigte türkische Staatsangehörige stärker auf faktische Bindungen in der „Heimat“ ab. Aus sozialwissenschaftlicher Perspektive ist nachweisbar, dass er hierdurch ausgesprochen effektiv wirkt und die Ausweisungszahlen in der Ausländerpraxis deutlich reduziert hat.