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Titelei/Inhaltsverzeichnis in:

Camilla Adang, Sabine Schmidtke (Ed.)

Contracts and Controversies between Muslims, Jews and Christians in the Ottoman Empire and Pre-Modern Iran, page 1 - 10

1. Edition 2010, ISBN print: 978-3-89913-738-5, ISBN online: 978-3-95650-682-6, https://doi.org/10.5771/9783956506826-1

Series: Istanbuler Texte und Studien (ITS), vol. 21

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Contacts and Controversies between Muslims, Jews and Christians in the Ottoman Empire and Pre-Modern Iran © 2016 Orient-Institut Istanbul ISTANBULER TEXTE UND STUDIEN HERAUSGEGEBEN VOM ORIENT-INSTITUT ISTANBUL BAND 21 © 2016 Orient-Institut Istanbul Contacts and Controversies between Muslims, Jews and Christians in the Ottoman Empire and Pre-Modern Iran edited by Camilla Adang Sabine Schmidtke WÜRZBURG 2016 ERGON VERLAG WÜRZBURG IN KOMMISSION © 2016 Orient-Institut Istanbul Umschlaggestaltung: Taline Yozgatian Umschlagbild: Beginn der Risālat ilzām al-yahūd fīmā zaʿamū fī l-tawrāt min qibal ʿilm al-kalām des al-Salām ʿAbd al-ʿAllām (Handschrift Fatih 2994, ff. 1b-2a, mit freundlicher Genehmigung) Bibliografische Information der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek verzeichnet diese Publikation in der Deutschen Nationalbibliografie; detaillierte bibliografische Daten sind im Internet über http://dnb.d-nb.de abrufbar. Bibliographic information published by the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek The Deutsche Nationalbibliothek lists this publication in the Deutsche Nationalbibliografie; detailed bibliographic data are available in the Internet at http://dnb.d-nb.de. ISBN 978-3-95650-194-4 ISSN 1863-9461 © 2016 Orient-Institut Istanbul (Max Weber Stiftung) Das Werk einschließlich aller seiner Teile ist urheberrechtlich geschützt. Jede Verwertung des Werkes außerhalb des Urheberrechtsgesetzes bedarf der Zustimmung des Orient-Instituts Istanbul. Dies gilt insbesondere für Vervielfältigungen jeder Art, Übersetzungen, Mikroverfilmung sowie für die Einspeicherung in elektronische Systeme. Gedruckt mit Unterstützung des Orient-Instituts Istanbul, gegründet von der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, aus Mitteln des Bundesministeriums für Bildung und Forschung. Ergon-Verlag GmbH Keesburgstr. 11, D-97074 Würzburg © 2016 Orient-Institut Istanbul Contents List of Contributors ................................................................................................. 7 Preface .................................................................................................................... 11 Judith Pfeiffer Confessional polarization in the 17th century Ottoman Empire and Yūsuf İbn Ebī ʿAbdü’d-Deyyān’s Keşfü’l-esrār fī ilzāmi’l-Yehūd ve’l-aḥbār..................................................................... 15 Camilla Adang Guided to Islam by the Torah: The Risāla al-hādiya by ʿAbd al-Salām al-Muhtadī al-Muḥammadī .................... 57 Sabine Schmidtke Epistle forcing the Jews [to admit their error] with regard to what they contend about the Torah, by dialectical reasoning (Risālat ilzām al-yahūd fīmā zaʿamū fī l-tawrāt min qibal ʿilm al-kalām) by al-Salām ʿAbd al-ʿAllām. A critical edition .................................................................................................... 73 Monika Hasenmüller Die Beschreibung Muḥammads im Evangelium. Eine muslimische Polemik gegen die Christen aus dem osmanischen Reich (Anfang 18. Jhdt.) ................................................... 83 Paolo Lucca Šabbetay Ṣewi and the Messianic Temptations of Ottoman Jews in the Seventeenth Century According to Christian Armenian Sources .......... 197 Elisabetta Borromeo Le clergé catholique face au pouvoir ottoman. Les brevets de nomination (berât) des évêques et des archevêques (17ème siècle) .......................................................................... 207 Heleen Murre-van den Berg Apostasy or ‘a House Built on Sand’. Jews, Muslims and Christians in East-Syriac texts (1500-1850) ......................... 223 Rudi Matthee The Politics of Protection. Iberian Missionaries in Safavid Iran under Shāh ʿAbbās I (1587-1629)............. 245 © 2016 Orient-Institut Istanbul CONTENTS 6 Dennis Halft Schiitische Polemik gegen das Christentum im safawidischen Iran des 11./17. Jhdts. Sayyid Aḥmad ʿAlawīs Lawāmiʿ-i rabbānī dar radd-i šubha-yi naṣrānī.................. 273 Reza Pourjavady & Sabine Schmidtke Sayyid Muḥammad Mahdī al-Burūjirdī al-Ṭabāṭabāʾī’s (d. 1212/1797) debate with the Jews of Dhu l-Kifl. A survey of its transmission, with critical editions of its Arabic and Persian versions........................................................................ 335 Vera B. Moreen Iranian Jewish History Reflected in Judaeo-Persian Literature........................... 397 Index..................................................................................................................... 413 © 2016 Orient-Institut Istanbul List of Contributors C a m i l l a Ad a n g is Senior Lecturer at the Department of Arabic and Islamic Studies at Tel Aviv University. Her fields of specialization include interreligious polemics and classical Islamic religious thought. She is the author of Islam frente a Judaismo. La polémica de Ibn Ḥazm de Córdoba (Madrid 1994) and Muslim Writers on Judaism and the Hebrew Bible: From Ibn Rabban to Ibn Hazm (Leiden 1996) and coeditor, with Sabine Schmidtke and David Sklare, of A Common Rationality. Muʿtazilism in Islam and Judaism (Würzburg 2007). She is one of the editors of the Series “Studies in the Children of Abraham”, published by Brill, Leiden. She is currently preparing a monograph on the creed of Ibn Ḥazm. E l i s a b e t t a B o r r o m e o is attached to the Laboratoire Etudes turques et ottomanes led by Gilles Veinstein at the Collège de France (Paris). A specialist on the travel history of the Levant, she is the author of Voyageurs occidentaux dans l’Empire ottoman (1600-1644) (Paris 2007). She has also published several articles on a number of travellers as well as on the image of the “Turk” in Europe. She is particularly interested in the Ottoman Catholics and in their rapport with the two powers they depended upon: the temporal power of the Sultan and the spiritual power of the Holy See. She is currently preparing a study on the relationship between Islam and Christendom in the Modern Age. De n n i s H a l f t has studied Islamic, Comparative Religious and Iranian Studies at Freie Universität Berlin, the Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales in Paris and the Institut Français d’Études Arabes in Damascus. Between 2006 and 2007 he worked as advisor on Lebanon, under the auspices of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development. In 2008 he was researcher at the Dominican Institut M.-Dominique Chenu, Berlin, and joined the Order of Preachers in 2009. His current research concentrates on Christian-Muslim polemical writings in Safavid Iran and Mughal India. Mo n i k a H a s e n m ü l l e r earned her master’s degree in Islamic studies from Freie Universität Berlin in 2008 after studying Islamic and Arabic studies as well as Political Science in Bamberg, Cairo and Berlin. Until January 2009 she worked at C.H.Beck publishing house, Munich. Her edition of a polemical tract against Christianity published in this volume is a revised version of her master’s thesis. P a o l o L u c c a holds a doctorate in Oriental Studies (2007) from the Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, where he is currently Teaching Fellow in Hebrew Language and Literature. During his doctoral program he specialized in ancient Armenian and Syriac. He has published on the textual criticism of the Armenian Bible and is working on a critical edition of the Armenian books of Chronicles. He is a member of the translation group preparing the Italian version of the Septuagint led by Paolo Sacchi. © 2016 Orient-Institut Istanbul LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS 8 Ru d i M a t t h e e is Unidel distinguished Professor of Middle Eastern History at the University of Delaware. He received his PhD in Islamic Studies from UCLA, 1991. He has published extensively on early modern Iranian history and is the author of the award-winning books The Politics of Trade in Safavid Iran: Silk for Silver, 1600-1730 (1999) and The Pursuit of Pleasure: Drugs and Stimulants in Iranian History, 1500-1900 (2005). He is co-editor (with Beth Baron), of Iran and Beyond: Essays in Honor of Nikki R. Keddie (Mazda 2000); and (with Nikki Keddie), of Iran and the Surrounding World: Interactions in Culture and Cultural Politics (University of Washington Press 2002). His most recent book, Persia in Crisis: The Decline of the Safavids and the Fall of Isfahan, will be published by I.B. Tauris in 2010. Ve r a B . Mo r e e n received her PhD from Harvard University. She has been a Visiting Associate Professor at Swarthmore College and the University of Pennsylvania. Her primary research areas are the cultural world of Iranian Jewry as depicted in medieval and pre-modern Judeo-Persian literature and history, Iranian Jewish history and the interface between Muslim and Jewish religious, literary, and artistic topoi. She is the author of Miniature Paintings in Judaeo-Persian Manuscripts (Cincinnati 1985), of Iranian Jewry’s hour of peril and heroism. A study of Bābāī ibn Luṭf ’s chronicle, 1617-1662 (New York 1987) and of In Queen Esther’s Garden: An Anthology of Judeo-Persian Literature (New Haven/London 2000). She is co-editor of the Encyclopaedia of Jews in the Islamic World (Leiden: Brill). He l e e n Mu r r e - v a n d e n B e r g is Professor for the History of Modern World Christianity at Leiden University. Her research is focused on ‘non-western’ forms of Christianity and her current projects concentrate on the Christianity of Iraq (especially concerning the Church of the East, Assyrian and Chaldean), as well as on Christian views of the ‘Holy Land’. She is the author of From a Spoken to a Written Language. The Introduction and Development of Literary Urmia Aramaic in the Nineteenth Century (Leiden 1999) and has edited New Faith in Ancient Lands. Western Missions in the Middle East in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries (Leiden 2006). Ju d i t h P f e i f f e r teaches Islamic history at the University of Oxford. Her current research focuses on conversion processes, in particular conversion to Islam in the Mongol Empire, and the interaction between the local and Mongol elites. She has published widely on religion and politics during the Mongol period and is coeditor of History and Historiography of Post-Mongol Central Asia and the Middle East. Studies in Honor of John E. Woods (Wiesbaden 2006, with Sholeh A. Quinn) and of Theoretical Approaches to the Transmission and Edition of Oriental Manuscripts (Würzburg 2007, with Manfred Kropp). Re z a Po u r j a v a d y is a research associate at McGill University (Montreal) for “The Post-classical Islamic Philosophical Database Initiative”. He obtained his PhD degree at Freie Universität Berlin in 2008 with a study on the life and work of Najm al-Dīn Ḥājjī Maḥmūd al-Nayrīzī, an Iranian philosopher from the early © 2016 Orient-Institut Istanbul LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS 9 Safavid period, after studying philosophy and Islamic Studies in Tehran, Leeds and Berlin. Together with Sabine Schmidtke, he has published A Jewish Philosopher of Baghdad. ʿIzz al-Dawla Ibn Kammūna and his writings (Leiden 2006) and edited Critical Remarks by Najm al-Dīn al-Kātibī on the Kitāb al-Maʿālim by Fakhr al-Dīn al- Rāzī, together with the Commentaries by ʿIzz al-Dawla Ibn Kammūna (Tehran 2007). S a b i n e S ch m i d t k e is Professor of Islamic Studies at Freie Universität Berlin. She is sectional editor (theology & philosophy) of The Encyclopaedia of Islam, 3rd ed. and co-founder and -coordinator of the Muʿtazilite Manuscripts Group (established 2003). She has published extensively on Islamic and Jewish intellectual history. Her works include Theologie, Philosophie und Mystik im zwölferschiitischen Islam des 9./15. Jahrhunderts. Die Gedankenwelt des Ibn Abī Jumhūr al-Aḥsāʾī (um 838/1434- 35 – nach 906/1501) (Leiden 2000) and, together with Reza Pourjavady, A Jewish Philosopher of Baghdad. ʿIzz al-Dawla Ibn Kammūna and his Writings (Leiden 2006) and Critical Remarks by Najm al-Dīn al-Kātibī on the Kitāb al-Maʿālim by Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī, together with the Commentaries by ʿIzz al-Dawla Ibn Kammūna (Tehran 2007). She has co-edited, with Camilla Adang and David Sklare, A Common Rationality. Muʿtazilism in Islam and Judaism (Würzburg 2007). © 2016 Orient-Institut Istanbul © 2016 Orient-Institut Istanbul

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References

Abstract

Judith Pfeiffer: Confessional polarization in the 17th century Ottoman Empire and Yūsuf İbn Ebī ʿAbdü’dDeyyān’s Keşfü’l-esrār fī ilzāmi’l-Yehūd ve’l-aḥbār / Camilla

Adang: Guided to Islam by the Torah: The Risāla alhādiya by ʿAbd al-Salām al-Muhtadī al-Muḥammadī /Sabine Schmidtke: Epistle forcing the Jews [to admit their error] with regard to what they contend about the Torah, by dialectical reasoning (Risālat ilzām al-yahūd

fīmā zaʿamū fī l-tawrāt min qibal ʿilm al-kalām) by alSalām ʿAbd al-ʿAllām. A critical edition / Monika Hasenmüller: Die Beschreibung Muḥammads im Evangelium.

Eine muslimische Polemik gegen die Christen aus

dem osmanischen Reich (Anfang 18. Jhdt.) / Paolo Lucca: Šabbetay Ṣewi and the Messianic Temptations of Ottoman Jews in the Seventeenth Century According to Christian Armenian Sources / Elisabetta Borromeo: Le clergé catholique face au pouvoir ottoman. Les brevets de nomination (berât) des évêques et des archevêques

(17ème siècle) / Heleen Murre-van den Berg : Apostasy or ‘a House Built on Sand’. Jews, Muslims and Christians in East-Syriac texts (1500-1850) / Rudi Matthee: The Politics of Protection. Iberian Missionaries in Safavid

Iran under Shāh ʿAbbās I (1587-1629) / Dennis Halft:

Schiitische Polemik gegen das Christentum im safawidischen Iran des 11./17. Jhdts. Sayyid Aḥmad ʿAlawīs

Lawāmiʿ-i rabbānī dar radd-i šubha-yi naṣrānī / Reza Pourjavady

– Sabine Schmidtke: Sayyid Muḥammad Mahdī alBurūjirdī

al-Ṭabāṭabāʾī’s (d. 1212/1797) debate with the Jews of Dhu l-Kifl. A survey of its transmission, with critical editions of its Arabic and Persian versions / Vera

B. Moreen: Iranian Jewish History Reflected in JudaeoPersian Literature