Biography of Peter M. Swartz in:

Sebastian Bruns, Sarandis Papadopoulos (Ed.)

Conceptualizing Maritime & Naval Strategy, page 355 - 356

Festschrift for Captain Peter M. Swartz, United States Navy (ret.)

1. Edition 2020, ISBN print: 978-3-8487-5753-4, ISBN online: 978-3-8452-9915-0,

Series: ISPK Seapower Series, vol. 3

Bibliographic information
Biography of Peter M. Swartz Peter Swartz was born and raised in Providence, Rhode Island, the grandson of Jewish immigrants from eastern Europe. His father was wounded in combat during World War II while serving in General George Patton’s Third Army in its drive across France, earning a bronze star, and later owned and managed small businesses. His mother was a homemaker. Peter served for over 27 years as a U.S. Navy officer, primarily as a specialist in strategy, plans and policy. Early in his career he helped train Navy personnel heading to assignments in Vietnam, and subsequently served two tours in-country himself during the war, as an advisor to the Republic of Vietnam Navy, and on the staff of Vice Adm. Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr. He then helped manage Navy intercultural relations programs from Washington and London, followed by two Pentagon tours as an action officer in the Navy’s Strategy, Plans and Policy Division (OP-60). He played a leading role in conceptualizing and drafting the Navy's Maritime Strategy of the 1980s, serving successive Chiefs of Naval Operations, and in Secretary of the Navy John Lehman’s Office of Program Appraisal (OPA). In his first joint military assignment, he was Director of Defense Operations for the U.S. Mission to NATO in Brussels as the Berlin Wall was coming down. He completed his service on active duty as a Special Assistant to Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Colin Powell during and after the First Gulf War. Following his retirement from the Navy as a Captain in 1993, Peter joined CNA as a naval analyst and remained there for more than a quarter of a century, retiring in 2019 from full-time analytical, management, and consulting work as a Principal Research Scientist, Strategy and Policy Analysis Program Director, and analyst directly supporting Navy policy and strategy offices. He still continues his affiliation with CNA in a part-time on-call status. His work at CNA drew lessons for contemporary U.S. Navy decisionmakers and staffs from the historical development and implementation of past Navy concepts, policies, strategy, operations, organization, international and inter-service relationships, and doctrine. He analyzed alternative global fleet deployment models; lessons learned from past Navy homeland defense, counter-piracy and irregular warfare operations; the Navy's role in the evolution of the Unified Command Plan (UCP); and relationships between Navy strategy, programming and budgeting. He drafted many classi- 355 fied and unclassified documents and briefings; published several public conference papers, journal articles, book chapters and books; chaired or participated in numerous conference panels; was interviewed by oral historians; and – notably assisted and mentored numerous shipmates and colleagues in conceptualizing and writing their own presentations and publications. He served from 1985 to 1987 on the Secretary of the Navy’s Advisory Committee on Naval History, and from 2006 to the present on the Naval War College Review editorial board. From 2008 through 2019 he was a founding co-chair of the unofficial off-the-record Strategy Discussion Group (SDG), of which he remains a member. In 2020, he was a co-recipient of the prestigious annual Naval Historical Foundation Commodore Dudley W. Knox Naval History Lifetime Achievement Award. Peter was the first member of his family to graduate from college. He holds a B.A. in International Relations with Honors from Brown University, an M.A. in International Relations from the Johns Hopkins University’s Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), and an M.Phil. in Political Science from Columbia University. He also spent a year at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) as a Navy Federal Executive Fellow (FEF). Conversant in French and Vietnamese, he lives with his wife of over 49 years, the former Nguyen Thi Tho (Thuy), in Burke, Virginia. They travel extensively. Their daughter Diana lives in Notting Hill, London with her family, and is a governance consultant to international non-profit organizations. Their son Daniel lives in Washington DC’s Penn Quarter and is a well-known society photo-journalist. Biography of Peter M. Swartz 356

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The 21st century is witnessing renewed tension as conflicts between major powers, serious concerns about future security alliances and global, even generational, security policy challenges arise. In the light of this, naval forces and maritime security, and understanding their underlying strategic rationale, are gaining momentum and importance. What are the roles and missions of naval forces, and how have states and the institutions themselves sought to frame their goals and methods? This book brings together experts from the United States, Europe, and Asia to reflect on how maritime and naval strategy is conceptualised and how it has been used. It celebrates the life and work of Peter M. Swartz, Captain (US Navy) ret., who since contributing to ‘The Maritime Strategy’ of the 1980s as a young Pentagon officer, has been a mentor, friend, intellectual beacon and the foremost purveyor of maritime expertise to the global naval community. With contributions by James Bergeron, Sebastian Bruns, Seth Cropsey, Larissa Forster, Michael Haas, John Hattendorf, Peter Haynes, Andrzej Makowski, Amund Lundesgaard, Narushige Michishita, Martin Murphy, Sarandis Papadopoulos, Nilanthi Samaranayake, Jeremy Stöhs, Eric Thompson, Geoffrey Till, Sarah Vogler, Steve Wills.


Großmachtkonflikte, die Zukunft von sicherheitspolitischen Institutionen sowie transnationalen Generationenherausforderungen bergen eine neue globale Unsicherheit. Vor diesem Hintergrund bekommen maritime Sicherheit und Seestreitkräfte sowie deren Einordnung im außenpolitischen Werkzeugkasten eine zunehmende Bedeutung. Was sind die Rollen und Einsatzaufgaben von Seemacht, und wie haben Staaten und ihre Institutionen maritime Ziele, Mittel und Wege konzeptualisiert? Dieser Sammelband bringt ausgewiesene Experten aus den USA, Europa und Asien zusammen, die ihre Perspektive auf maritime Strategie teilen. Das Buch dient gleichzeitig die Festschrift für Peter M. Swartz, Kapitän zur See a.D. der US-Marine, der seit seiner Arbeit als einer der Autoren der „Maritime Strategy“ (1980er) als Mentor, Freund, intellektueller Leuchtturm und vor allen Dingen als Spiritus Rektor wesentlich zur Schärfung des Verständnisses von Seestrategie in den globalen Beziehungen beigetragen hat. Mit Beiträgen von James Bergeron, Sebastian Bruns, Seth Cropsey, Larissa Forster, Michael Haas, John Hattendorf, Peter Haynes, Andrzej Makowski, Amund Lundesgaard, Narushige Michishita, Martin Murphy, Sarandis Papadopoulos, Nilanthi Samaranayake, Jeremy Stöhs, Eric Thompson, Geoffrey Till, Sarah Vogler, Steve Wills.