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About the authors in:

Sebastian Bruns, Sarandis Papadopoulos (Ed.)

Conceptualizing Maritime & Naval Strategy, page 351 - 354

Festschrift for Captain Peter M. Swartz, United States Navy (ret.)

1. Edition 2020, ISBN print: 978-3-8487-5753-4, ISBN online: 978-3-8452-9915-0, https://doi.org/10.5771/9783845299150-351

Series: ISPK Seapower Series, vol. 3

Bibliographic information
About the authors Seth Cropsey is a Senior Fellow at Hudson Institute, Washington, DC, where he is also director of Hudson’s Center for American Seapower. Mr. Cropsey served as a naval officer and as deputy Undersecretary of the Navy in the administrations of Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush. He is the author of Mayday, Overlook Duckworth, 2013; and Seablindness, Encounter Books, 2017. Larissa Forster is a political scientist at the Swiss Department of Defense. Her current work focuses on international security and armed conflicts. She previously worked at the University of Michigan as a postdoctoral fellow. Her research has addressed foreign policy, international security, conflict management, military interventions and naval diplomacy. Larissa received her Ph.D. from the University of Zurich, Switzerland in 2010. Her dissertation Influence without Boots on the Ground explores the political use and impact of US naval forces during international crises that fall short of full-scale war. Peter Swartz’s help, guidance, and knowledge during her dissertation research were invaluable. Michael Haas is a Researcher at the Center for Security Studies (CSS) at ETH Zürich and a lecturer in the Swiss career officers’ education program. He holds an MSc in Intelligence and Strategic Studies from Aberystwyth University and an MA in Political Science from the University of Innsbruck. His most recent publications include, 'Access for Allies? NATO, Russia and the Baltics', The RUSI Journal 161:3, 34-41 (with Martin Zapfe), and 'The Evolution of Targeted Killing Practices: Autonomous Weapons, Future Conflict, and the International Order', Contemporary Security Policy 38:2, 281-306 (with Sophie-Charlotte Fischer). John Hattendorf, DPhil, DLitt, LHD, FRHistS, FSNR, is Senior Mentor in the John B. Hattendorf Center for Maritime Historical Research and the Ernest J. King Professor Emeritus of Maritime History at the U.S. Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island. He is author and editor of numerous essays and books. These include Naval History and Maritime Strategy: Collected Essays (Krieger Publishing: Malabar, FL 2000); “The Use of Maritime History for and in the Navy”, in: Naval War College Review Volume LVI (Spring 2003), pp. 13–38; and the seminal collections of U.S. naval strategy documents of the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s. Peter D. Haynes, Ph.D. is a retired captain in the U.S. Navy, having served for thirty years as an operational commander, carrier aviator, and strategist. A scholar of U.S. naval strategy, he works at the Naval History and Heritage Command in Washington DC. He holds a Ph.D. in Security Studies and a M.A. in National Security Affairs from the Naval Postgraduate School and a B.A. in History from the University of Notre Dame. He is the author of Toward a New Maritime Strategy: American Naval Thinking in the Post-Cold War Era (2015). 351 Andrzej Makowski is a professor at the Command and Naval Operations Faculty of the Polish Naval Academy in Gdynia. He received his Ph.D. from the Naval Academy in Leningrad in 1985, a D.Sc. from the Academy of National Defense in Warsaw in 1993, and became a full professor in 2001. A retired Captain of the Polish Navy in command of the minesweepers of the 9th flotilla, Andrzej is the author and co-author of about two hundred publications, most recently Poland’s Strategic Concept for Maritime Security (Warsaw-Gdynia 2017). Amund Lundesgaard has a Ph.D. in history from the University of Oslo spring 2017. Since 2009, Lundesgaard has been studying the U.S. Navy's strategic priorities after the Cold War, which was also the topic of his Ph.D. Lundesgaard is now working on issues related to operational cooperation in the North Atlantic, as well as other projects related to his Ph.D. Narushige Michishita is vice president of the National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS) in Tokyo. He is the director of the GRIPS Security and International Studies Program, Maritime Safety and Security Policy Program, and Strategic Studies Program. He is a member of the National Security Secretariat Advisory Board of the Government of Japan and a global fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington DC. He has served as senior research fellow at Japan’s National Institute for Defense Studies (NIDS), Ministry of Defense, and as assistant counsellor at the Cabinet Secretariat for Security and Crisis Management of the Government of Japan. He acquired his Ph.D. from the School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), Johns Hopkins University. A specialist in Japanese security and foreign policy as well as security issues on the Korean Peninsula, he is the author of North Korea’s Military- Diplomatic Campaigns, 1966-2008 (Routledge, 2009) and “Lessons of the Cold War in the Pacific: U.S. Maritime Strategy, Crisis Prevention, and Japan’s Role” (Woodrow Wilson Center, 2016) (co-authored with Peter M. Swartz and David F. Winkler). Martin Murphy, Ph.D. is a political and strategic analyst specializing in maritime conflict. He is the author of over 60 books, book chapters and journal articles on maritime conflict, economic warfare, hybrid warfare and grey zone threats, piracy and counter-piracy operations, terrorism, and related topics. He is working currently on a two-volume study of the United States and the sea in the 21st Century, the first entitled The Tragedy of American Sea Power and the second The Problem of Asia. He holds both UK and US citizenship and divides his time between London and Virginia. Nilanthi Samaranayake is Director of Strategy and Policy Analysis at CNA, a nonprofit research organization in the Washington area. At CNA, she has led several studies on Indian Ocean security. Previously, Samaranayake analyzed public opinion for a decade at Pew Research Center in Washington, and received an M.Sc. in International Relations from the London School of Economics and Political Science. About the authors 352 Jeremy Stöhs is an Austrian-American researcher at the Austrian Center for Intelligence, Propaganda & Security Studies (ACIPSS) as well as a non-resident fellow at ISPK’s Center for Maritime Strategy & Security. Jeremy holds a master’s degree in history and English (University of Graz) and a Ph.D. on the evolution of European naval power since the end of the Cold War (Kiel University). His critically acclaimed book The Decline of European Naval Forces: Challenges to Sea Power in an Age of Fiscal Austerity and Political Uncertainty was published by Naval Institute Press, Annapolis in 2018. Prior to his studies, Jeremy worked in law enforcement with the Austrian Federal Police. Peter M. Swartz’s work, particularly the collection of U.S. naval documents co-edited with John Hattendorf, served as a starting point for Jeremy’s ‘voyage’ into the study of sea power. Eric Thompson provides strategic leadership to CNA's Strategy Policy and Plans Division. As Vice President and Director, he leads over 50 national security specialists working both at CNA headquarters and in the field, and provides support to U.S., NATO and coalition military commanders during training, exercises and operations. Previously, he led CNA's International Affairs Group, Strategic Initiatives Group and Center for Stability and Development. His areas of expertise include strategy and policy, Middle Eastern political and military affairs, security challenges in Europe and Asia, as well as partner capacity building, maritime security, coalition integration, campaign planning and assessment, and terrorism. Thompson's articles have been published in PRISM, Proceedings, the Middle East Journal, and Middle East Policy. He has presented research papers at many conferences, including those sponsored by NATO, The German Marshall Fund of the United States, the Naval War College, the Army War College, the National Bureau of Asian Research, RUSI, the Stanley Foundation, Wilton Park and the Foreign Policy Association. He holds a Ph.D. and an M.A. from the University of Virginia. Geoffrey Till is a British naval historian and emeritus Professor of Maritime Studies in the Defence Studies Department of King's College London. He is the Director of the Corbett Centre for Maritime Policy Studies. Previously, he held positions at the Britannia Royal Naval College Dartmouth, the Royal Naval College Greenwich, the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California, the U.S. Marine Corps University, Quantico, Virginia, the Joint Services Staff and Command College, Shrivenham, and the Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies, Singapore. He has written extensively on maritime history and strategy. Till has been Reviews Editor for the Journal of Strategic Studies since it was launched in 1978, General Editor of Brassey’s Seapower: Naval Vessels, Weapons Systems and Technology series since 1987, contributing its first volume on modern sea power, and general series editor of the Frank Cass series on naval policy and history. Sarah Vogler is a research analyst with CNA’s Strategy, Policy, Plans and Programs division. Her work focuses on adversary strategic calculus and decision-making, maritime security, and U.S. ally and partner engagement. She holds a masters’ degree in international affairs from the Elliott School of International Affairs at The George Washington University. About the authors 353 Steven Wills is an expert in U.S. Navy strategy and policy, and U.S. Navy surface warfare programs and platforms. His research interests include the history of U.S. Navy strategy development over the Cold War and immediate, post-Cold War era, and the history of the post-World War II U.S. Navy surface fleet. Prior to joining CNA, Wills completed a Ph.D. in military history from Ohio University, and had a 20-year career as an active duty U.S. Navy officer. Wills’s articles have appeared in the United States Naval War College Review, the United States Naval Institute News, Real Clear Defense, CIMSEC, War on the Rocks, and Information Dissemination. Wills holds a Ph.D. and M.A. in History from Ohio University, an M.A. in National Security Studies from the United States Naval War College, and a B.A. in History from Miami University, Oxford, OH. About the authors 354

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Abstract

The 21st century is witnessing renewed tension as conflicts between major powers, serious concerns about future security alliances and global, even generational, security policy challenges arise. In the light of this, naval forces and maritime security, and understanding their underlying strategic rationale, are gaining momentum and importance. What are the roles and missions of naval forces, and how have states and the institutions themselves sought to frame their goals and methods? This book brings together experts from the United States, Europe, and Asia to reflect on how maritime and naval strategy is conceptualised and how it has been used. It celebrates the life and work of Peter M. Swartz, Captain (US Navy) ret., who since contributing to ‘The Maritime Strategy’ of the 1980s as a young Pentagon officer, has been a mentor, friend, intellectual beacon and the foremost purveyor of maritime expertise to the global naval community. With contributions by James Bergeron, Sebastian Bruns, Seth Cropsey, Larissa Forster, Michael Haas, John Hattendorf, Peter Haynes, Andrzej Makowski, Amund Lundesgaard, Narushige Michishita, Martin Murphy, Sarandis Papadopoulos, Nilanthi Samaranayake, Jeremy Stöhs, Eric Thompson, Geoffrey Till, Sarah Vogler, Steve Wills.

Zusammenfassung

Großmachtkonflikte, die Zukunft von sicherheitspolitischen Institutionen sowie transnationalen Generationenherausforderungen bergen eine neue globale Unsicherheit. Vor diesem Hintergrund bekommen maritime Sicherheit und Seestreitkräfte sowie deren Einordnung im außenpolitischen Werkzeugkasten eine zunehmende Bedeutung. Was sind die Rollen und Einsatzaufgaben von Seemacht, und wie haben Staaten und ihre Institutionen maritime Ziele, Mittel und Wege konzeptualisiert? Dieser Sammelband bringt ausgewiesene Experten aus den USA, Europa und Asien zusammen, die ihre Perspektive auf maritime Strategie teilen. Das Buch dient gleichzeitig die Festschrift für Peter M. Swartz, Kapitän zur See a.D. der US-Marine, der seit seiner Arbeit als einer der Autoren der „Maritime Strategy“ (1980er) als Mentor, Freund, intellektueller Leuchtturm und vor allen Dingen als Spiritus Rektor wesentlich zur Schärfung des Verständnisses von Seestrategie in den globalen Beziehungen beigetragen hat. Mit Beiträgen von James Bergeron, Sebastian Bruns, Seth Cropsey, Larissa Forster, Michael Haas, John Hattendorf, Peter Haynes, Andrzej Makowski, Amund Lundesgaard, Narushige Michishita, Martin Murphy, Sarandis Papadopoulos, Nilanthi Samaranayake, Jeremy Stöhs, Eric Thompson, Geoffrey Till, Sarah Vogler, Steve Wills.