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Sebastian Lohsse, Reiner Schulze, Dirk Staudenmayer (Ed.)

Data as Counter-Performance - Contract Law 2.0?, page 1 - 8

Münster Colloquia on EU Law and the Digital Economy V

1. Edition 2020, ISBN print: 978-3-8487-7606-1, ISBN online: 978-3-7489-0853-1, https://doi.org/10.5771/9783748908531-1

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Data as Counter-Performance – Contract Law 2.0? Sebastian Lohsse/Reiner Schulze/Dirk Staudenmayer (eds.) Münster Colloquia on EU Law and the Digital Economy V Nomos BUT_Lohsse_7606-1_HC.indd 2 22.06.20 09:26 Sebastian Lohsse/Reiner Schulze/Dirk Staudenmayer (eds.) Data as Counter-Performance – Contract Law 2.0? Münster Colloquia on EU Law and the Digital Economy V Nomos BUT_Lohsse_7606-1_HC.indd 3 22.06.20 09:26 The Deutsche Nationalbibliothek lists this publication in the Deutsche Nationalbibliografie; detailed bibliographic data are available on the Internet at http://dnb.d-nb.de ISBN: HB (Nomos) 978-3-8487-7606-1 ePDF (Nomos) 978-3-7489-0853-1 British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library. ISBN: HB (Hart) 978-1-5099-4031-8 Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Lohsse, Sebastian / Schulze, Reiner / Staudenmayer, Dirk Data as Counter-Performance – Contract Law 2.0? Münster Colloquia on EU Law and the Digital Economy V Sebastian Lohsse / Reiner Schulze / Dirk Staudenmayer (eds.) 284 pp. Includes bibliographic references. ISBN: 978-1-5099-4031-8 (hardcover Hart) 1st Edition 2020 © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, Baden-Baden, Germany 2020. Printed and bound in Germany. This work is subject to copyright. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage or retrieval system, without prior permission in writing from the publishers. Under § 54 of the German Copyright Law where copies are made for other than private use a fee is payable to “Verwertungs gesellschaft Wort”, Munich. No responsibility for loss caused to any individual or organization acting on or refraining from action as a result of the material in this publication can be accepted by Nomos or the editors. Onlineversion Nomos eLibrary BUT_Lohsse_7606-1_HC.indd 4 22.06.20 09:26 Foreword With ongoing digitization, data is increasingly seen as a tradable asset. Accordingly, digital content and digital services are frequently provided in return not for money but for data. The 5th Münster Colloquium on EU Law and the Digital Economy, held on 16th and 17th May 2019, brought together scholars and practitioners from across Europe for an in-depth discussion of issues surrounding this role of ‘data as counter-performance’. Its impact on the economy and contract practice will be one of the central aspects in the further development of contract law and of consumer protection in the digital age. This is true, in particular, since data as counter-performance has also become a subject of European legislation with the new EU Directive ‘on certain aspects concerning contracts for the supply of digital content and digital services’ (whose publication in May 2019 coincided with the Colloquium). The publication of the results of the 5th Münster Colloquium in this volume aims to stimulate the further discussion on this subject matter and to contribute to the development of modern private law. The editors kindly thank Karen Schulenberg for her role and support in the organisation of the Colloquium and in the preparation of this volume. June 2020 Sebastian Lohsse Reiner Schulze Dirk Staudenmayer 5 Contents Data as Counter-Performance – Contract Law 2.0? An Introduction 9 Sebastian Lohsse / Reiner Schulze / Dirk Staudenmayer Legal Nature and Economic Value of Data in the Contractual Relationship A Market Model for Personal Data: State of Play under the New Directive on Digital Content and Digital Services 25 Axel Metzger Regulating the Economic Impact of Data as Counter-Performance: From the Illegality Doctrine to the Unfair Contract Terms Directive 47 Philipp Hacker Management as Ownership of Data 77 Sjef van Erp Data Extra Commercium 95 Václav Janeček / Gianclaudio Malgieri Performance of Contract and Withdrawal from the Contract with respect to Data Protection – Contract Law at a Crossroads? Right to Withdraw Consent to Data Processing – The Effect on the Contract 129 Martin Schmidt-Kessel 7 Article 16(2) of the ‘Digital Content and Digital Services’ Directive on the Consequences of Termination of Contract, or the Difficult Articulation between Union Law on Consumer Contract and Union Law on the Protection of Personal Data 147 Juliette Sénéchal Termination of the Contract for the Supply of Digital Content and Services, and Availability of Data: Rights of Retrieval, Portability and Erasure in EU Law and Practice 163 Sergio Cámara Lapuente Personal Data in Data Value Chains – Is Data Protection Law Fit for the Data Economy? 193 Christiane Wendehorst Autonomy or Heteronomy – Proposal for a Two-Tier Interpretation of Art 6 GDPR 225 Andreas Sattler Data as Counter-Performance in B2B Contracts 253 Martin Fries Discussion Panel Statement 265 Benjamin Görs Data as a Counter-Performance 267 Anne Riechert Data as Counter-Performance & the Digital Content Directive – The End of a Debate? 279 Rebekka Weiß Contributors 283 Contents 8

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Abstract

This 5th volume in the “Münster Colloquia on EU Law and the Digital Economy” focuses on one of the most important challenges faced by private law in this era of digitalization: the effects of “data as counter-performance” on contract law; a phenomenon acknowledged by the EU legislator in the new “Digital Content Directive” 2019/770. In this volume, legal experts from across Europe examine various issues, in particular contract performance and restitution, and the relationship between contract law and data protection, central to the question: Contract law 2.0?

Zusammenfassung

Wissenschaftler und Praktiker aus mehreren europäischen Ländern befassen sich in dem Band mit den vertragsrechtlichen Konsequenzen, die sich daraus ergeben, dass „Daten als Gegenleistung“ zur Verfügung gestellt werden. Dieses praktische Phänomen, das in der sog. „Digitale-Inhalte-Richtlinie“ auch durch den europäischen Gesetzgeber Anerkennung gefunden hat, wirft etwa Fragen des Rechts der Erfüllung, aber auch der Rückabwicklung von Verträgen auf; beleuchtet wird ferner der Zusammenhang von Vertragsrecht und Datenschutzrecht. Die Reihe der „Münster Colloquia on EU Law and the Digital Economy“ wendet sich damit in ihrem nunmehr fünften Band wiederum einer der wichtigen Herausforderungen zu, die sich als Folge der Digitalisierung für Rechtswissenschaft und Praxis im Privatrecht stellen.