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Titelei/Inhaltsverzeichnis in:

Michael Gehler, Wilfried Loth (ed.)

Reshaping Europe, page 1 - 8

Towards a Political, Economic and Monetary Union, 1984-1989

1. Edition 2020, ISBN print: 978-3-8487-6674-1, ISBN online: 978-3-7489-0785-5, https://doi.org/10.5771/9783748907855-1

Series: Veröffentlichungen der Historiker-Verbindungsgruppe bei der Kommission der EG, vol. 20

Bibliographic information
Nomos Publications of the | 20 European Union Liaison Committee of Historians Michael Gehler | Wilfried Loth [eds.] Reshaping Europe Towards a Political, Economic and Monetary Union, 1984–1989 Veröffentlichungen der Historiker-Verbindungsgruppe bei der Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften Publications of the European Union Liaison Committee of Historians Band 20 | Volme 20 BUT_Gehler_6674-1.indd 2 09.07.20 11:17 Towards a Political, Economic and Monetary Union, 1984–1989 Reshaping Europe Nomos Michael Gehler | Wilfried Loth [eds.] BUT_Gehler_6674-1.indd 3 09.07.20 11:17 Onlineversion Nomos eLibrary This publication owes its funding to the Institute for History at the University of Hildesheim Foundation, especially the Action Jean Monnet Erasmus Plus, and the colleagues of the Liaison Group of Historians at the EU Commission. The Deutsche Nationalbibliothek lists this publication in the Deutsche Nationalbibliografie; detailed bibliographic data are available on the Internet at http://dnb.d-nb.de ISBN 978-3-8487-6674-1 (Print) 978-3-7489-0785-5 (ePDF) British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library. ISBN 978-3-8487-6674-1 (Print) 978-3-7489-0785-5 (ePDF) Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Gehler, Michael; Loth, Wilfried Reshaping Europe Towards a Political, Economic and Monetary Union, 1984–1989 Michael Gehler / Wilfried Loth (eds.) 524 pp. Includes bibliographic references and index. ISBN 978-3-8487-6674-1 (Print) 978-3-7489-0785-5 (ePDF) 1st Edition 2020 © Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, Baden-Baden, Germany 2020. Printed and bound in Germany. This work is subject to copyright. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage or retrieval system, without prior permission in writing from the publishers. Under § 54 of the German Copyright Law where copies are made for other than private use a fee is payable to “Verwertungs gesellschaft Wort”, Munich. No responsibility for loss caused to any individual or organization acting on or refraining from action as a result of the material in this publication can be accepted by Nomos or the editors. BUT_Gehler_6674-1.indd 4 09.07.20 11:17 Contents Introduction 9 Michael Gehler European Integration by Mail: European Symbols and Subjects on Postage Stamps 17 Jasper M. Trautsch New InitiativesPart I: A Double-Edged Victory: Fontainebleau and the Resolution of the British Budget Problem, 1983–84 45 N. Piers Ludlow The Relaunch of the Benelux Union and the Origins of the Schengen Agreement: The Interplay of two Sub-Regional Experiences 73 Simone Paoli Spinelli’s Initiative and the European Parliament’s Union Project 99 Daniela Preda A Dream Coming True: The Netherlands and the Creation of the European Common Market, 1984–1989 119 Jan van der Harst The Single European Act and its ConsequencesPart II: European Political Cooperation and the Single European Act 131 Maria Eleonora Guasconi 5 The Negotiations on the Single European Act 149 Gilles Grin Unzufrieden mit der Einheitlichen Europäischen Akte. Zur Geschichte des italienischen Referendums von 1989 167 Georg Kreis The Transformative Impact of European Integration on Member States: The German Länder in Search of a New Role during the Second Half of the 1980s 189 Kiran Klaus Patel Towards the Single Market Project and the Monetary Union Part III: The Single Market Project as a Response to Globalisation: The Role of the Round Table of European Industrialists and other non-state Actors in launching the European Union’s Internal Market (1983–1992) 211 Anjo G. Harryvan Le Livre Blanc sur le marché intérieur objectif et instrument de la relance Delors 227 Eric Bussière The Implementation of the Single Market Programme, 1985–1992 247 Laurent Warlouzet Too Big a Club? The 1980s Common Agricultural Policy Crisis and Differentiated Integration 263 Marko Lovec In search of the Holy Grail: France and European Monetary Unification, 1984–1989 283 Frédéric Bozo Contents 6 Between France and the Bundesbank: Hans-Dietrich Genscher, Helmut Kohl and the Breakthrough of the Monetary Union 331 Wilfried Loth Enlargements and NeighborhoodsPart IV: The European Community’s Struggle with the agro-budgetary Problem: Its Impact on the Spanish Accession Negotiations, 1979– 1985 349 Marta Alorda The least loved Policy: the EEC’s Enlargement to Portugal 373 Alice Cunha Austria’s application as Precursor of EFTA Member States in Times of Reshaping Europe 1984/85–1989 393 Michael Gehler Cold War, European Security and Global ChallengesPart V: Mikhail Gorbachev, European Security, and the Common European Home 1985–1989 423 Wilfried Loth The Common European Home. The Soviet Prescription for reshaping Europe 443 Deborah Cuccia European Emancipation within the Atlantic Alliance? Franco- German Initiatives in European Defence 461 Frederike Schotters The Breakthrough: Freedom and Security at the Vienna CSCE Follow-up Conference 1986–1989 477 Michael Gehler / Andrea Brait Contents 7 Summary and ConclusionPart VI: Reshaping Europe by different Europeanisations 1984–1989. Summary and Conclusion 499 Michael Gehler / Wilfried Loth List of Contributors 511 List of Abbreviations 513 Register of Persons 519 Contents 8

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Abstract

How can the new dynamic in European integration politics during the second half of the 1980’s be explained? What were the driving forces behind the Single European Act, the achievement of the Single Market, the Schengen agreement, the EC’s expansion to the south, and the new steps towards Monetary Union and the Common Foreign and Security Policy? In this book, using numerous discoveries from the archives, historians from 12 countries show how the European Community reacted to the challenges of globalisation and the reform initiatives by Mikhail Gorbachev. In doing so, they write a new chapter in the history of European integration: the emergence of the European Union. With contributions by Marta Alorda, Andrea Brait, Frédéric Bozo, Eric Bussière, Deborah Cuccia, Alice Cunha, Anjo G. Harryvan, Michael Gehler, Gilles Grin, Maria Eleonora Guasconi, Georg Kreis, Wilfried Loth, Marco Lovec, N. Piers Ludlow, Simone Paoli, Nicolae Paun, Kiran Klaus Patel, Daniela Preda, Frederike Schotters, Jasper Trautsch, Jan van der Harst, Laurent Warlouzet

Zusammenfassung

Wie kann man die neue Dynamik in der europäischen Einigungspolitik während der zweiten Hälfte der 1980er Jahre erklären? Was waren die treibenden Kräfte, die zur Einheitlichen Europäischen Akte führten, zur Vollendung des Binnenmarktes, zum Schengen-Abkommen, zur Süderweiterung und zu neuen Schritten zu einer Währungsunion und zu einer Gemeinsamen Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik? Auf der Grundlage zahlreicher Entdeckungen in den Archiven zeigen Historiker aus zwölf Ländern, wie die Europäische Gemeinschaft auf die Herausforderungen der Globalisierung und die Reforminitiativen von Michail Gorbatschow reagierte. Sie schreiben damit ein neues Kapitel der Integrationsgeschichte: die Entstehung der Europäischen Union. Mit Beiträgen von Marta Alorda, Andrea Brait, Frédéric Bozo, Eric Bussière, Deborah Cuccia, Alice Cunha, Anjo G. Harryvan, Michael Gehler, Gilles Grin, Maria Eleonora Guasconi, Georg Kreis, Wilfried Loth, Marco Lovec, N. Piers Ludlow, Simone Paoli, Nicolae Paun, Kiran Klaus Patel, Daniela Preda, Frederike Schotters, Jasper Trautsch, Jan van der Harst, Laurent Warlouzet