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Éva Rozália Hölzle, Frost, Nicola, and Tom Selwyn (eds.): Travelling towards Home. Mobilities and Homemaking. New York: Berghahn Books, 2018. 182 pp. ISBN 978-​1-​78533-​955-​4. (Articulating Journeys: Festivals, Memorials, and Homecomings, 3). Price: $ 110.00 in:

Anthropos, page 220 - 221

Anthropos, Volume 115 (2020), Issue 1, ISSN: 0257-9774, ISSN online: 0257-9774, https://doi.org/10.5771/0257-9774-2020-1-220

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Differenzierung unterschiedlicher Herkunftsregionen der Haushaltsarbeiterinnen in Polen gewesen. Zwar schreibt die Autorin, die regionale Herkunft der polni‐ schen Arbeitnehmerinnen erstrecke sich auf das ganze Land (92), sie geht jedoch nicht auf regionale Unter‐ schiede und Kontexte ein. Es stellt sich zudem die Fra‐ ge, ob nicht im Rahmen der Untersuchung stärker kon‐ fliktiven Situationen und dem Scheitern migrantischer Arbeitsbiografien hätte nachgegangen werden können, sozusagen nicht nur der “Ich-AG als Erfolgsgeschichte” (126 f.), sondern auch den gescheiterten “Ich-AGs”. Die Autorin sieht zu Recht informelle Hausarbeit als einen Arbeitsmarkt der durch Globalisierung geprägt ist. Hät‐ te in Folge dieser Beobachtung nicht noch stärker der Blick auf diesen Kontext gerichtet werden können? Wie ist der Blick polnischer Hausangestellter auf nichtpolni‐ sche Konkurrenz? Wie wirkt sich die verstärkte Arbeits‐ migration aus der Ukraine und weiteren Ländern aus? Blickt man auf die rezipierte Literatur, so fällt weiter‐ hin auf, dass polnische Veröffentlichungen fast gänzlich ignoriert wurden. Hierdurch ließ sich die Autorin einen Zugang entgehen, die Studie noch dialogischer anzule‐ gen bzw. polnische Perspektiven besser zur Geltung zu bringen. Dieser blinde Fleck hinsichtlich der Nutzung polnischer Publikationen spiegelt sich letztlich auch da‐ rin, dass dem Buch keine umfangreiche Zusammenfas‐ sung in polnischer Sprache beigefügt ist. Uta Karrer (utakarrer@googlemail.com) Harald Grauer (library@anthropos.eu) Frost, Nicola, and Tom Selwyn (eds.): Travelling to‐ wards Home. Mobilities and Homemaking. New York: Berghahn Books, 2018. 182 pp. ISBN 978-1-78533- 955-4. (Articulating Journeys: Festivals, Memorials, and Homecomings, 3). Price: $ 110.00 In the afterword of “Travelling towards Home,” Tom Selwyn outlines some thematic and theoretical threads that tie together the seven empirical chapters of the book. According to him, all the ethnographic case stud‐ ies deal with the dialectic of displacement and the “cre‐ ative reconstruction of home” (170) against a backdrop of rapid global change. Moreover, all of the contributors acknowledge the link between the formation of the self and homemaking; the significance of objects, not just in their literal but also their symbolic sense in establishing and understanding home; and the influence of public discourse in granting legitimacy to a place to some while denying it to others. These are the four themes that the editors invite the reader to reflect throughout the seven chapters. They overlook, however, a fifth mo‐ tif that runs through the case studies. While movement, as the proposition of the editors reads, is an original way of approaching home, another opportunity is to dig deeper into the tension that lurks in the idea of home. As Sigmund Freud brilliantly pointed out many years ago, “home” has a double connotation. It encompasses the homely and the uncanny. Homely relates to comfort, intimacy, care, or familiarity, while uncanny is about danger, violence, and betrayal. What is exciting about the notion of home is this capacity to evoke a cosy feel‐ ing and, at the same time, to trigger dread and fear from disciplinary power and betrayal. After all, who can hurt us more than those who are the closest to us? In other words, home is always ambivalent and ambiguous. The greatest conceptual benefit of home lies in drawing on its ambiguity, which all of the chapters in the volume touch upon in some form. My intention in the following is to review the individual articles along this theme. The constant tension between living a life that one imagines and living a life according to the visions of one’s parents transpires clearly in the first chapter of the volume “Homing Desires: Queer Young Asian Men in London,” written by Chand Starin Basi and Kaveri Qureshi. The authors illustrate well what it means to live in constant tension, balancing between the privatequeer and private-family life, which are incommensu‐ rable. Basi and Qureshi show that, instead of looking for reconciliation, their interlocutors eventually embrace this tension. They balance life carefully without giving up freedom (living a queer life) or devotion (respecting the desires of their parents). The next chapter, “Homeawayness and Life-Project Building: Homemaking among Rural-Urban Migrants in China,” again brings to the surface the double conno‐ tation of “home.” This time, it transpires among young migrant mothers who are forced to leave their rural home behind for their livelihood in one of China’s in‐ dustrial cities, Shantou. The author, Shuhua Chen, is in‐ trigued by the careless ways these migrants relate to their “guest town” and its surroundings by pilling up trash in the courtyard of their residence. Chen’s inter‐ locutors repeatedly contrast the grime of their work‐ place with the cleanness of their rural home, where they return every year during the annual spring festival. The faraway home appears embellished in the narratives. It represents comfort, yet it is also a place of distance and detachment. Neither who returns nor the place one re‐ turns to remain the same. Both change in time until the supposed home becomes the opposite of the familiar. “Between a Home and a Homeland: Experiences of Jewish Return Migrants in Ukraine” – the third chapter, authored by Marina Sapritsky – is an excellent ethnog‐ raphy. It addresses the motivations of Jewish immi‐ grants moving back to their former home, Odessa. This is a complicated pattern of migration, during which the option of living again in Israel is never really ruled out. Motivated by aspirations for a better life, these migrants cultivate multiple ideas of home. Nevertheless, they of‐ ten contemplate which is the genuine home? Is it the beautiful city of Odessa, or is it Israel with its historical calling? None of these places is entirely familiar or strange; instead, they embody both. Yuko Shioji’s contribution – “Who makes ‘Old Eng‐ land’ Home? Tourism and Migration in the English Countryside” – is about a decades-long clash between “autochthones” and “incomers” over heritage and prac‐ ticality in a medieval English city, Chipping Campden. 220 Book Reviews Anthropos 115.2020 Tourism is a flourishing business in Campden, and in‐ comers are driven by investment as well as conservation desires. By controlling the city’s major heritage soci‐ eties, incomers grant or veto altercations that concern historical houses in Campden. Autochthones are not in‐ different about the heritage of the town, but they do de‐ sire amenable homes that modern architecture can grant. Campden reveals itself as a strange city, full of beautiful houses but uncomfortable homes, where renovation de‐ sires equal treason. Perhaps none of the chapters could have benefited more from probing more deeply into the ambiguity of home than Ilana Webster-Kogen’s piece: “Modalities of Space, Time, and Voice in Palestinian Hip-Hop Narra‐ tives.” The author details the recent controversy regard‐ ing DAM, a Palestinian hip-hop band. The group mem‐ bers are known among hip-hop fans as supporters of the Palestinian resistance movement and as harsh critics of the Israeli occupation. With their song “If I Could Go Back in Time,” published in 2012, they break with the trope of resistance. The song tells the story of a young Palestinian woman who is killed by her father and brother because she objects to an arranged marriage. Fans and feminist scholars, such as Lila Abu-Lughod, rushed to condemn the DAM’s thematic choice. The un‐ canny appears in this chapter on two levels. It transpires through the public accusation of DAM as a betrayer of the Palestinian cause and through domestic violence that the song describes. Chapter 6, “My Maluku Manise: Managing Desire and Despair in the Diaspora,” written by Nicola Frost, focuses on the experience of Malukuan immigrants in Sydney. Her interlocutors migrated to Australia volun‐ tarily but then got stranded due to an outbreak of bloody conflict on the island. They remember Maluku as a beautiful island with breath-taking shores, yet they also know that that Maluku no longer exists. Violence washed its splendour away. Australia is a safe but inhos‐ pitable location. Without the option to return to Maluku but being not welcomed in Australia either, these mi‐ grants face heartbreaking difficulties in carving out space in this world for themselves. The final chapter – “Anecdotes of Movement and Be‐ longing: Intertwining Strands of the Professional and the Personal” – originates from Colin Murray, a wellknown Africanist who died in 2013. Arguing for the im‐ possibility of divorcing the personal from the profes‐ sional, he delivers a nice closing for the book. He de‐ tails his professional career characterized by multiple movements in his research field, in South Africa, and in England between different universities. Murray demon‐ strates that home is not constant; it changes throughout our lives. Moreover, he does not fall victim to seeing home only in positive terms. By detailing his dangerous fieldwork and precarious position in academia, he sheds light also on the negative aspect of home that exists alongside comfort. Éva Rozália Hölzle (eva_rozalia.hoelzle@uni-bielefeld.de) Greifeld, Katarina, Wolfgang Krahl, Hans Jochen Diesfeld und Hannes Stubbe (Hrsg.): Grenzgänge zwischen Ethnologie, Medizin und Psychologie. Für Ekkehard Schröder zum 75. Geburtstag. Curare 41.2018.3–4. 212 pp. ISBN 978-3-86135-845-9. Preis: € 38,00 This issue of Curare is a Festschrift honoring the medical anthropologist, psychotherapist, and psychia‐ trist Ekkehard Schröder on his 75th birthday in 2019. He joined in 1970 the Arbeitsgemeinschaft Ethnologie und Medizin (Association for Anthropology and Medicine) and was one of the co-founders of Curare in 1978. The articles and essays, written with a personal and even intimate tone, highlight his invaluable contri‐ butions to the association, the journal, and eth‐ nomedicine, which are located at the intersection of psychotherapy, psychiatry, and medical anthropology, as the title of the Festschrift – “Traversing the Borderland between Ethnology, Medicine, and Psychology” – and his research and publication record indicate. Schröder himself expresses gratitude, in “Danksagung,” for being recognized as a bridge builder between different disci‐ plines. Benoist underscores in “Hommage à un passeur de frontières” the importance of dialogue between different academic disciplines and across national disciplinary traditions for new ideas to emerge. He recognizes Schröder as exemplary in this regard, engaged in the ex‐ change of ideas between culture, medicine ,and psy‐ chology in German and French traditions. Bichmann stresses in “Medizin in Entwicklungsländern aus der Heidelberger Schule” that the South Asia Institute of the University of Heidelberg, one of the schools where Schröder studied, encouraged the dialogue of eth‐ nomedicine and public health with the social sciences and humanities, challenging tropical medicine and eth‐ nomedicine to move beyond a reductionist focus on dis‐ ease symptoms. Bruchhausen’s excellent contribution, “Ethnomedizin zwischen Gesundheit und Kultur. Etablierungsprobleme in der deutschen Medizin,” argues that dialogue and in‐ terdisciplinarity have by and large not been facilitated through institutional adjustments within academia, for example, through the creation of teaching positions that engage multiple disciplines, but primarily by the inspir‐ ing leadership of individuals, particularly those with du‐ al professional identities, such as Schröder, who break out of institutional silos and professional shackles and build bridges between disciplines. Such engagement re‐ quires a long-term commitment. This might be the rea‐ son for including Deimel’s short ethnographic piece, “Die Seele zum Laufen bringen,” that describes the meaning of long-distance running among the Mexican Rarámuri. In their cosmology, long-distance running is associated with the souls of the deceased “running” into heaven to be united with their ancestors. If they are un‐ able to reach heaven, they remain among the living, causing illness and other misfortune. Diesfeld’s essay, “Ekkehard Schröder, mein Freund und Weggefährte,” Book Reviews 221 Anthropos 115.2020

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Abstract

Anthropos is the international journal of anthropology and linguistics, founded in 1906 by Wilhelm Schmidt, missonary and member of the Society of the Divine Word (SVD). Its main purpose is the study of human societies in their cultural dimension. In honor of Wilhelm Schmidt‘s legacy, the cultivation of anthropology, ethnology, linguistics, and religious studies remain an essential component oft he Anthropos Institute – the organizational carrier of the journal.

Zusammenfassung

Anthropos - internationale Zeitschrift für Völkerkunde wird vom Anthropos Institut St. Augustin seit 1906 zweimal jährlich herausgegeben. Ursprünglich als Sprachrohr für katholische Missionarsarbeit geplant, gilt sie heute als wichtige Fachzeitschrift der allgemeinen Ethnologie. Sie behandelt sowohl kulturelle als auch sprachliche Themen in mehreren Sprachen, mit Schwerpunkt auf den Völkern des gesamtamerikanischen und afrikanischen Kontinents.